MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression and play essential roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Previous cross-sectional studies showed that the levels of several circulating miRNA are associated with hypertension, but there are no prospective longitudinal studies using a general population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of circulating vascular-related miRNA (miR-126, miR-221, and miR-222) on changes in blood pressure and new-onset hypertension in a Japanese population..
..Serum levels of miR-126, miR-221, and miR-222 were significantly and negatively associated with changes in SBP and the rate of change of SBP. Serum miR-126, miR-221, and miR-222 levels were significantly lower in new-onset hypertensive patients compared with normotensive individuals. The confounding factors adjusted odds ratios of each 1 increment in serum miR-126, miR-221, and miR-222 levels were 0.82 (95% confidence interval: 0.69–0.98), 0.79 (0.68–0.91), and 0.61 (0.46–0.81) for new-onset hypertension, respectively.