Antibiotics use may increase colorectal cancer (CRC) risk by altering the gut microbiota, with suggestive evidence reported. Our study aims to investigate antibiotics use in relation to subsequent CRC risk. MethodsThis is a nationwide, population-based study with a matched case-control design (first primary CRC cases and 5 matched, cancer-free controls). Complete-population data, extracted from Swedish … Continue reading #Antibiotics Use and Subsequent Risk of #Colorectal Cancer: A Swedish Nationwide Population-Based Study
Some antibiotic pairs display a property known as collateral sensitivity in which the evolution of resistance to one antibiotic increases sensitivity to the other. Alternating between collaterally sensitive antibiotics has been proposed as a sustainable solution to the problem of antibiotic resistance. We aimed to identify antibiotic pairs that could be considered for treatment strategies … Continue reading Identification of #antibiotic pairs that evade concurrent resistance via a retrospective analysis of antimicrobial susceptibility test results
Determination of optimal treatment durations for common infectious diseases is an important strategy to preserve antibiotic effectiveness. Objective To determine whether 7 days of treatment is noninferior to 14 days when using ciprofloxacin or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole to treat urinary tract infection (UTI) in afebrile men. Design, Setting, and Participants Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled noninferiority trial of afebrile … Continue reading Effect of 7 vs 14 Days of #Antibiotic Therapy on Resolution of Symptoms Among Afebrile Men With #Urinary Tract InfectionA Randomized Clinical Trial
Since the late 1980s, global antibiotic consumption and colorectal cancer (CRC) rates in those aged less than 50 years have soared. As the gut microbiome modulates many human processes, significantly altering microbiome structure and diversity with antibiotic therapy has previously been shown to influence CRC genesis in older adults. To our knowledge, no study before … Continue reading SO-25 Global rise in early-onset #colorectal cancer: An association with #antibiotic consumption?