Antibiotic Use and Outcomes in Children in the Emergency Department With Suspected #Pneumonia

Antibiotic therapy is often prescribed for suspected community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children despite a lack of knowledge of causative pathogen. Our objective in this study was to investigate the association between antibiotic prescription and treatment failure in children with suspected CAP who are discharged from the hospital emergency department (ED).. ..Of 337 eligible children, 294 were matched on the basis of propensity score. There was … Continue reading Antibiotic Use and Outcomes in Children in the Emergency Department With Suspected #Pneumonia

Pharmacologic Therapies in Patients With Exacerbation of Chronic #Obstructive #Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis

..Compared with placebo or management without antibiotics, antibiotics given for 3 to 14 days were associated with increased exacerbation resolution at the end of the intervention (odds ratio [OR], 2.03 [95% CI, 1.47 to 2.80]; moderate SOE) and less treatment failure at the end of the intervention (OR, 0.54 [CI, 0.34 to 0.86]; moderate SOE), independent of severity of exacerbations in out- and inpatients. Compared … Continue reading Pharmacologic Therapies in Patients With Exacerbation of Chronic #Obstructive #Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis

Antibiotic prescribing without documented indication in ambulatory care clinics: national cross sectional study

… According to the criteria, 57% (52% to 62%) of the 130.5 million prescriptions were for appropriate indications, 25% (21% to 29%) were inappropriate, and 18% (15% to 22%) had no documented indication. This corresponds to an estimated 24 million prescriptions without a documented indication. Being an adult male, spending more time with the provider, and seeing a non-primary care specialist were significantly positively associated … Continue reading Antibiotic prescribing without documented indication in ambulatory care clinics: national cross sectional study

Evidence-based clinical practice guideline on #antibiotic use for the urgent management of pulpal- and periapical-related #dental pain and intraoral swelling

..systematic review and formulated clinical recommendations for the urgent management of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis with or without symptomatic apical #periodontitis, pulp necrosis and symptomatic apical periodontitis, or pulp necrosis and localized acute apical abscess using antibiotics, either alone or as adjuncts to definitive, conservative dental treatment (DCDT) in immunocompetent adults. The panel formulated 5 clinical recommendations and 2 good practice statements, each specific to the … Continue reading Evidence-based clinical practice guideline on #antibiotic use for the urgent management of pulpal- and periapical-related #dental pain and intraoral swelling

C-Reactive Protein Testing to Guide Antibiotic Prescribing for #COPD Exacerbations

Point-of-care testing of C-reactive protein (#CRP) may be a way to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics without harming patients who have acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A lower percentage of patients in the CRP-guided group than in the usual-care group received an antibiotic prescription at the initial consultation (47.7% vs. 69.7%, for a difference of 22.0 percentage points; adjusted odds ratio, 0.31; … Continue reading C-Reactive Protein Testing to Guide Antibiotic Prescribing for #COPD Exacerbations