Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Heart #Failure Hospitalized With #COVID-19

The purpose of this study was to evaluate in-hospital outcomes among patients with a history of heart failure (HF) hospitalized with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19).. ..Among 1,212,153 patients with history of HF, 132,312 patients were hospitalized from April 1, 2020, to September 30, 2020. A total of 23,843 patients (18.0%) were hospitalized with acute HF, 8,383 patients (6.4%) were hospitalized with COVID-19, and 100,068 patients (75.6%) … Continue reading Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Heart #Failure Hospitalized With #COVID-19

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#Glucosamine #Chondroitin and Mortality in a US NHANES Cohort

Background: Limited previous studies in the United Kingdom or a single US state have demonstrated an association between intake of glucosamine/chondroitin and mortality. This study sought to investigate the association between regular consumption of glucosamine/chondroitin and overall and cardiovascular (CVD) mortality in a national sample of US adults. Methods: Combined data from 16,686 participants in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999 to 2010, merged … Continue reading #Glucosamine #Chondroitin and Mortality in a US NHANES Cohort

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Prognostic value of #electrocardiographic abnormalities in adults from the Brazilian longitudinal study of adults’ health

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are highly preventable non-communicable diseases. ECG is a potential tool for risk stratification with respect to CVD. Our aim was to evaluate ECG’s role in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality prediction. Methods Participants from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health, free of known CVD at baseline were included. A 12-lead ECG was obtained at baseline (2008–2010). Participants were followed up to 2018 … Continue reading Prognostic value of #electrocardiographic abnormalities in adults from the Brazilian longitudinal study of adults’ health

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Evaluation of Time to Benefit of #Statins for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Adults Aged 50 to 75 Years A Meta-analysis

Guidelines recommend targeting preventive interventions toward older adults whose life expectancy is greater than the intervention’s time to benefit (TTB). The TTB for statin therapy is unknown To conduct a survival meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials of statins to determine the TTB for prevention of a first major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) in adults aged 50 to 75 years.. Eight trials randomizing 65 383 adults (66.3% … Continue reading Evaluation of Time to Benefit of #Statins for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Adults Aged 50 to 75 Years A Meta-analysis

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#Dementia and the risk of death in elderly patients with #COVID‐19 infection: Systematic review and meta‐analysis

The COVID‐19 infection represents a global public health emergency worldwide. Several risk factors have been associated with a poor prognosis among COVID‐19 patients. We aimed to perform a systemic review and meta‐analysis to evaluate the mortality risk in elderly patients with dementia and COVID‐19 infection.. ..A total of 233 articles were retrieved; 158 were excluded for not meeting the inclusion criteria, leaving 75 articles to … Continue reading #Dementia and the risk of death in elderly patients with #COVID‐19 infection: Systematic review and meta‐analysis

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Mortality risk of #antipsychotic augmentation for adult depression

Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated increased all-cause mortality in elderly patients with dementia treated with newer antipsychotics. It is unknown whether this risk generalizes to non-elderly adults using newer antipsychotics as augmentation treatment for depression.. ..Non-elderly adults (25–64 years) diagnosed with depression who after ≥3 months of antidepressant monotherapy initiated either augmentation with a newer antipsychotic or with a second antidepressant. Patients with alternative indications … Continue reading Mortality risk of #antipsychotic augmentation for adult depression

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Low High‐Sensitivity C‐ #Reactive Protein Level in Korean Patients With Chronic #Kidney Disease and Its Predictive Significance for Cardiovascular Events, Mortality, and Adverse Kidney Outcomes: Results From KNOW‐CKD

Inflammation levels are lower in East Asians than in Western people. We studied the association between high‐sensitivity hs‐CRP (C‐reactive protein) and adverse outcomes in Korean patients with chronic kidney disease. Methods and Results We included 2018 participants from the KNOW‐CKD (Korean Cohort Study for Outcome in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease) between April 2011 and February 2016. The primary outcome was a composite of extended … Continue reading Low High‐Sensitivity C‐ #Reactive Protein Level in Korean Patients With Chronic #Kidney Disease and Its Predictive Significance for Cardiovascular Events, Mortality, and Adverse Kidney Outcomes: Results From KNOW‐CKD

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#BMI and All‐Cause #Mortality in a Population‐Based Cohort in Rural South Africa

..The cohort consisted of 9,728 individuals. In adjusted models, those with BMI of 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2 or 30.0 to 34.9 kg/m2 had a lower hazard of death (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.69‐0.92 and adjusted hazard ratio: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.60‐0.93, respectively) compared with those with BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2. Conclusions Individuals in South Africa who meet clinically defined criteria for … Continue reading #BMI and All‐Cause #Mortality in a Population‐Based Cohort in Rural South Africa

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#Life Expectancy after #Bariatric Surgery in the Swedish Obese Subjects Study

Obesity shortens life expectancy. Bariatric surgery is known to reduce the long-term relative risk of death, but its effect on life expectancy is unclear.. ..In total, 2007 and 2040 patients were included in the surgery group and the control group, respectively, and 1135 participants were included in the reference cohort. At the time of the analysis (December 31, 2018), the median duration of follow-up for … Continue reading #Life Expectancy after #Bariatric Surgery in the Swedish Obese Subjects Study

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Estimates of the Association of #Dementia With US #Mortality Levels Using Linked Survey and Mortality Records

..Of the 7342 total sample, 4348 participants (60.3%) were women. At baseline, 4533 individuals (64.0%) were between ages 70 and 79 years, 2393 individuals (31.0%) were between 80 and 89 years, and 416 individuals (5.0%) were between 90 and 99 years; percentages were weighted. The percentage of deaths attributable to dementia was 13.6% (95% CI, 12.2%-15.0%) between 2000 and 2009. The mortality burden of dementia … Continue reading Estimates of the Association of #Dementia With US #Mortality Levels Using Linked Survey and Mortality Records

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Estimates of the Association of #Dementia With US #Mortality Levels Using Linked Survey and Mortality Records

Vital statistics are the primary source of data used to understand the mortality burden of dementia in the US, despite evidence that dementia is underreported on death certificates. Alternative estimates, drawing on population-based samples, are needed ..Of the 7342 total sample, 4348 participants (60.3%) were women. At baseline, 4533 individuals (64.0%) were between ages 70 and 79 years, 2393 individuals (31.0%) were between 80 and … Continue reading Estimates of the Association of #Dementia With US #Mortality Levels Using Linked Survey and Mortality Records

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Statin adherence and risk of all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality among dyslipidemia patients: A time-dependent analysis

Results have been mixed and uncertainty still remains regarding the impact of statin adherence on premature deaths. Thus, we investigated the association between statin adherence and risks of all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality among dyslipidemia patients in South Korea.. We used data from the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) National Sample Cohort for the years 2003-2013, which included data on 107,954 middle-aged and elderly dyslipidemia … Continue reading Statin adherence and risk of all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortality among dyslipidemia patients: A time-dependent analysis

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