Acute on Chronic Liver Failure From #Nonalcoholic Fatty #Liver Disease: A Growing and Aging Cohort With Rising Mortality

We assessed the burden of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)‐related acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) among transplant candidates in the United States, along with waitlist outcomes for this population. Approach and Results We analyzed the United Network for Organ Sharing registry from 2005 to 2017. Patients with ACLF were identified using the European Association for the Study of the Liver/Chronic Liver Failure criteria and … Continue reading Acute on Chronic Liver Failure From #Nonalcoholic Fatty #Liver Disease: A Growing and Aging Cohort With Rising Mortality

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Fructose- and sucrose- but not glucose-sweetened #beverages promote hepatic de novo #lipogenesis: A randomized controlled trial

Excessive fructose intake associates with increased de novo lipogenesis, blood triglycerides, and hepatic insulin resistance. Whether fructose-specific effects on lipid metabolism in healthy men exist independently from overfeeding needs clarification. Methods 94 subjects were studied in this double-blind, randomized trial. They were assigned to daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) containing moderate amounts of fructose, sucrose (fructose-glucose disaccharide) or glucose (80g/day) in addition to their … Continue reading Fructose- and sucrose- but not glucose-sweetened #beverages promote hepatic de novo #lipogenesis: A randomized controlled trial

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Effects of two personalized #dietary strategies during a 2‐year intervention in subjects with nonalcoholic #fatty #liver disease: a randomized trial

Background and objectives Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) management is focused on lifestyle modifications, but long‐term maintenance is a challenge for many individuals. This study aimed to evaluate the long‐term effects of two personalized energy‐restricted dietary strategies on weight loss, metabolic and hepatic outcomes in overweight/obese subjects with NAFLD. Methods Ninety‐eight subjects from the Fatty Liver in Obesity (FLiO) study (NCT03183193) were randomly assigned to … Continue reading Effects of two personalized #dietary strategies during a 2‐year intervention in subjects with nonalcoholic #fatty #liver disease: a randomized trial

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The Tailgate Study: Differing #metabolic effects of a bout of excessive #eating and #drinking

Excess energy intake by spectators at a sporting event (i.e., a tailgate) might cause acute negative health effects. However, limited data exist regarding the effects of overeating and alcohol consumption on lipid metabolism and the potential to gain intrahepatic triacylglycerols (IHTG). We tested the hypothesis that overconsumption of food and alcohol would significantly increase both hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL) and IHTG. Methods Eighteen males … Continue reading The Tailgate Study: Differing #metabolic effects of a bout of excessive #eating and #drinking

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Associations between #Helicobacter pylori with nonalcoholic fatty #liver disease and other metabolic conditions in Guatemala

Previous studies have suggested an association between Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the current study was to examine the association in Guatemala, a region with elevated prevalences of both H pylori and NAFLD. Associations between H pylori and other metabolic conditions were also examined, as were associations between H hepaticus and H bilis and the metabolic conditions. … Continue reading Associations between #Helicobacter pylori with nonalcoholic fatty #liver disease and other metabolic conditions in Guatemala

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Inadequate #Physical Activity and #Sedentary Behavior Are Independent Predictors of Nonalcoholic Fatty #Liver Disease

In general, physical activity (PA) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have an inverse association. However, studies assessing the impact of the widely accepted Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PA Guidelines) on NAFLD are lacking. We performed a serial, cross‐sectional analysis among adults by using the 2007‐2016 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. NAFLD and advanced fibrosis were defined by using various noninvasive panels. … Continue reading Inadequate #Physical Activity and #Sedentary Behavior Are Independent Predictors of Nonalcoholic Fatty #Liver Disease

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Vitamin #D for treatment of non‐alcoholic #fatty liver disease detected by transient elastography: A randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled trial

To evaluate the effects of vitamin D on transient elastography (TE, FibroScan) indices of liver steatosis (controlled attenuation parameter [CAP]) and fibrosis (liver stiffness measurement [LSM]) in adults with non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).. ..Both CAP and LSM gradually decreased in vitamin D‐treated patients and slightly increased in the placebo arm. Vitamin D was superior to placebo for both primary outcomes (mean differences in CAP … Continue reading Vitamin #D for treatment of non‐alcoholic #fatty liver disease detected by transient elastography: A randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled trial

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Nonalcoholic Fatty #Liver Disease and Advanced Fibrosis in US Adults Across Blood Pressure Categories

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (#NAFLD) is common in patients with hypertension but controversy exists as to whether screening for this condition should be performed. Here, we evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD and advanced fibrosis in US adults across blood pressure categories and estimate the number of patients who require referral to hepatologists. In this cross-sectional analysis of 11 489 adults from the 2005 to 2016 … Continue reading Nonalcoholic Fatty #Liver Disease and Advanced Fibrosis in US Adults Across Blood Pressure Categories

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Women Have a Lower Risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease but a Higher Risk of Progression Vs Men: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

The risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its progression may differ between men and women. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the relationship between sex and NAFLD, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and advanced NAFLD fibrosis.. ..Our final analysis comprised 54 studies. Samples sizes were 62,239 for the NAFLD analysis, 5428 for the NASH analysis, and 6444 for the advanced fibrosis analysis. … Continue reading Women Have a Lower Risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease but a Higher Risk of Progression Vs Men: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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Ethnic influence on #nonalcoholic fatty liver disease prevalence and lack of disease awareness in the United States, 2011–2016

Amongst the study population of 4538 persons, NAFLD prevalence was 32.5%, lowest in non‐Hispanic Blacks (18.0%) and Asians (18.1%), highest amongst Mexican Americans (48.4%). Within the NAFLD group, advanced fibrosis was highest in non‐Hispanic Blacks (28.5%) and lowest amongst non‐Hispanic Asians (2.7%). Of the 1473 (97.5%) NAFLD participants who answered NAFLD awareness question, 90% visited a healthcare centre at least once in the past year, … Continue reading Ethnic influence on #nonalcoholic fatty liver disease prevalence and lack of disease awareness in the United States, 2011–2016

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Mitigation of nonalcoholic #fatty liver disease in high-fat-fed mice by the combination of decaffeinated green tea extract and voluntary exercise

We have shown that combination treatment with decaffeinated green tea extract (GTE) and voluntary exercise (Ex) reduces obesity and insulin resistance in high-fat (HF)-fed mice to a greater extent than either treatment alone. Here, we investigated the effects of GTE-, Ex- or the combination on the development of obesity-related NAFLD.. ..Combination treated, but not singly treated mice, had higher hepatic expression of genes related to … Continue reading Mitigation of nonalcoholic #fatty liver disease in high-fat-fed mice by the combination of decaffeinated green tea extract and voluntary exercise

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