#Fried-food consumption and risk of #cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis of observational studies

We performed a meta-analysis, including dose–response analysis, to quantitatively determine the association of fried-food consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in the general adult population.. ..In comparing the highest with lowest fried-food intake, summary RRs (95% CIs) were 1.28 (1.15 to 1.43; n=17, I2=82.0%) for major cardiovascular events (prospective: 1.24 (1.12 to 1.38), n=13, I2=75.7%; case–control: 1.91 (1.15 to 3.17), n=4, I2=92.1%); … Continue reading #Fried-food consumption and risk of #cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis of observational studies

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#Microbiome connections with host metabolism and habitual #diet from 1,098 deeply phenotyped individuals

The gut microbiome is shaped by diet and influences host metabolism; however, these links are complex and can be unique to each individual. We performed deep metagenomic sequencing of 1,203 gut microbiomes from 1,098 individuals enrolled in the Personalised Responses to Dietary Composition Trial (PREDICT 1) study, whose detailed long-term diet information, as well as hundreds of fasting and same-meal postprandial cardiometabolic blood marker measurements … Continue reading #Microbiome connections with host metabolism and habitual #diet from 1,098 deeply phenotyped individuals

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A randomized controlled trial of 130 g/day low-#carbohydrate diet in type 2 #diabetes with poor glycemic control

The usefulness of low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) for Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been fully investigated. Therefore, we compared the effectiveness and safety of LCD with calorie restricted diet (CRD). This prospective, randomized, open-label, comparative study included 66 T2DM patients with HbA1c >7.5% even after receiving repeated education programs on CRD. They were randomly allocated to either the 130g/day LCD group … Continue reading A randomized controlled trial of 130 g/day low-#carbohydrate diet in type 2 #diabetes with poor glycemic control

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Childhood Daily #Energy Expenditure Does Not Decrease with Market Integration and Is Not Related to #Adiposity in Amazonia

Childhood overweight and obesity (OW/OB) is increasingly centered in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as rural populations experience market integration and lifeway change. Most explanatory studies have relied on imprecise estimates of children’s energy expenditure, restricting understanding of the relative effects of changes in diet and energy expenditure on the development of OW/OB in transitioning contexts.. ..Cross-sectional data were collected from “rural” (n = 43) … Continue reading Childhood Daily #Energy Expenditure Does Not Decrease with Market Integration and Is Not Related to #Adiposity in Amazonia

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#Blood type #diets lack supporting evidence: a systematic review

Background: Diets that are based on the ABO blood group system have been promoted over the past decade and claim to improve health and decrease risk of disease. To our knowledge, the evidence to support the effectiveness of blood type diets has not previously been assessed in the scientific literature. Objective: In this current systematic review, published studies that presented data related to blood type … Continue reading #Blood type #diets lack supporting evidence: a systematic review

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Dietary Approaches to Stop #Hypertension Dietary Intervention Improves Blood Pressure and Vascular Health in Youth With Elevated Blood Pressure

This randomized control trial assessed the post-intervention and 18-month follow-up effects of a 6-month dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH)-focused behavioral nutrition intervention, initiated in clinic with subsequent telephone and mail contact, on blood pressure (BP) and endothelial function in adolescents with elevated BP. Adolescents (n=159) 11 to 18 years of age with newly diagnosed elevated BP or stage 1 hypertension treated at a hospital-based … Continue reading Dietary Approaches to Stop #Hypertension Dietary Intervention Improves Blood Pressure and Vascular Health in Youth With Elevated Blood Pressure

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Effects of Time-Restricted Eating on #Weight Loss and Other Metabolic Parameters in Women and Men With Overweight and #Obesity

.. Participants were randomized such that the consistent meal timing (CMT) group was instructed to eat 3 structured meals per day, and the time-restricted eating (TRE) group was instructed to eat ad libitum from 12:00 pm until 8:00 pm and completely abstain from caloric intake from 8:00 pm until 12:00 pm the following day. Design, Setting, and Participants This 12-week randomized clinical trial including men … Continue reading Effects of Time-Restricted Eating on #Weight Loss and Other Metabolic Parameters in Women and Men With Overweight and #Obesity

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Comparison of dietary macronutrient patterns of 14 popular named dietary programmes for #weight and cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised trials

..Compared with usual diet, low carbohydrate and low fat diets had a similar effect at six months on weight loss (4.63 v 4.37 kg, both moderate certainty) and reduction in systolic blood pressure (5.14 mm Hg, moderate certainty v 5.05 mm Hg, low certainty) and diastolic blood pressure (3.21 v 2.85 mm Hg, both low certainty). Moderate macronutrient diets resulted in slightly less weight loss … Continue reading Comparison of dietary macronutrient patterns of 14 popular named dietary programmes for #weight and cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised trials

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Plant‐based and animal‐based low‐carbohydrate #diets and risk of #hepatocellular carcinoma among US men and women

Little is known about the role of low‐carbohydrate diets (LCDs) in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).. ..During 3,664,769 person years of follow‐up, there were 156 incident HCC cases. Although there were no associations between overall or animal‐based LCD score and risk of HCC, plant‐based LCD score was inversely associated with HCC risk (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.70‐0.98; Ptrend=0.03). Carbohydrate intake, especially from refined grains … Continue reading Plant‐based and animal‐based low‐carbohydrate #diets and risk of #hepatocellular carcinoma among US men and women

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Occurrence of #Salmonella, Campylobacter, Clostridium and Enterobacteriaceae in raw #meat-based diets for #dogs

The practice of feeding raw meat-based diets (RMBD) to dogs has increased in popularity in recent years. However, RMBD are based on offal that has not undergone any type of treatment to reduce the microbial content, so there is a risk of potential pathogenic microorganisms being present. Enterobacteriaceae were detected in all 60 samples and in 31 samples exceeded a level of 5000 bacteria/g, which … Continue reading Occurrence of #Salmonella, Campylobacter, Clostridium and Enterobacteriaceae in raw #meat-based diets for #dogs

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Changes in Consumption of Sugary Beverages and Artificially #Sweetened Beverages and Subsequent Risk of Type 2 #Diabetes: Results From Three Large Prospective U.S. Cohorts of Women and Men

artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs) ..After adjustment for BMI and initial and changes in diet and lifestyle covariates, increasing total sugary beverage intake (including both sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices) by >0.50 serving/day over a 4-year period was associated with a 16% (95% CI 1%, 34%) higher diabetes risk in the subsequent 4 years. Increasing ASB consumption by >0.50 serving/day was associated with 18% (2–36%) … Continue reading Changes in Consumption of Sugary Beverages and Artificially #Sweetened Beverages and Subsequent Risk of Type 2 #Diabetes: Results From Three Large Prospective U.S. Cohorts of Women and Men

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