Long-term effects of #bouldering psychotherapy on #depression: benefits can be maintained across a 12-month follow-up

Bouldering psychotherapy (BPT), an intervention that combines a unique style of rock climbing with psychotherapy Previous studies have identified positive effects of Bouldering Psychotherapy (BPT) on symptoms of depression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the short- and long-term effects of BPT on 97 participants with depression.. BPT took place once a week over a period of 8 weeks. In a waitlist … Continue reading Long-term effects of #bouldering psychotherapy on #depression: benefits can be maintained across a 12-month follow-up

Association between #tea consumption and depressive symptom among Chinese older adults

Despite accumulating evidence on the protective effect of tea consumption against depression, studies specifically focusing on the elderly population are yet limited.. ..We found that consistent and frequent tea-drinking was associated with significantly less depressive symptoms, and such impact was partially mediated by socioeconomic status, health behavior, physical health, cognitive function, and social engagement. However, the association was only significant for males and the oldest-old, … Continue reading Association between #tea consumption and depressive symptom among Chinese older adults

Shared Genetic Loci Between Body #Mass Index and Major #Psychiatric Disorders A Genome-wide Association Study

People with major psychiatric disorders (MPDs) have a 10- to 20-year shorter life span than the rest of the population, and this difference is mainly due to comorbid cardiovascular diseases.. schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BIP), major depression (MD) body mass index (BMI) ..Of the shared loci, 34% (73 of 213) in SCZ, 52% (36 of 69) in BIP, and 57% (56 of 99) in MD … Continue reading Shared Genetic Loci Between Body #Mass Index and Major #Psychiatric Disorders A Genome-wide Association Study

#Tobacco smoking and health-related quality of life among university students: Mediating effect of #depression

The aim of this study was to assess the association between cigarette smoking and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among students in two different universities, and the potential mediating effect of depression. ..In both populations, after adjustment for socio-demographic, behavioral and health factors, smoking was associated with poorer Mental Composite Score (MCS) and Physical Composite Score (PCS)… After additional adjustment for BDI score, the observed … Continue reading #Tobacco smoking and health-related quality of life among university students: Mediating effect of #depression

State-Specific Prevalence and Characteristics of Frequent Mental Distress and History of #Depression Diagnosis Among Adults with #Arthritis— United States, 2017

..Persons with arthritis have unique challenges because the interplay between anxiety, depression, and chronic pain is cyclical, with each having the potential to exacerbate the others. What is added by this report? In 2017, frequent mental distress and history of depression were commonly reported by adults with arthritis in all states, with clustering of high prevalence of frequent mental distress in Appalachian and southern states. … Continue reading State-Specific Prevalence and Characteristics of Frequent Mental Distress and History of #Depression Diagnosis Among Adults with #Arthritis— United States, 2017

Psychological Function, Iyengar #Yoga, and Coherent #Breathing A Randomized Controlled Dosing Study

Evidence suggests that yoga may be an effective treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD).. ..Thirty-two participants (18 to 65 y of age) diagnosed with MDD were randomized to a high-dose group (HDG) or a low-dose group (LDG) of yoga and coherent breathing for 12 weeks. The HDG (n=15) involved three 90-minute yoga classes and four 30-minute homework sessions per week. The LDG (n=15) involved two 90-minute … Continue reading Psychological Function, Iyengar #Yoga, and Coherent #Breathing A Randomized Controlled Dosing Study

Physical #activity offsets genetic risk for incident #depression assessed via electronic health records in a biobank cohort study

Polygenic risk was associated with increased odds of incident depression, and physical activity showed a protective effect of similar but opposite magnitude, even after adjusting for BMI, employment status, educational attainment, and prior depression. Higher levels of physical activity were associated with reduced odds of incident depression across all levels of genetic vulnerability, even among individuals at highest polygenic risk. Conclusions Real‐world data from a … Continue reading Physical #activity offsets genetic risk for incident #depression assessed via electronic health records in a biobank cohort study

Evidence for causal effects of lifetime #smoking on risk for #depression and #schizophrenia: a Mendelian randomisation study

Smoking prevalence is higher amongst individuals with schizophrenia and depression compared with the general population. Mendelian randomisation (MR) can examine whether this association is causal using genetic variants identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). There was strong evidence to suggest smoking is a risk factor for both schizophrenia (odds ratio (OR) 2.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.67–3.08, p < 0.001) and depression (OR 1.99, 95% … Continue reading Evidence for causal effects of lifetime #smoking on risk for #depression and #schizophrenia: a Mendelian randomisation study

A Randomized Controlled Trial of #Metacognitive Therapy for #Depression: Analysis of 1-Year Follow-Up

..low mood and depression is prolonged by perseverative thinking styles, such as depressive rumination, worry, and other unhelpful self-regulation strategies. This thinking style, called the cognitive attentional syndrome (CAS; Wells and Matthews, 1994) is influenced by positive and negative metacognitive beliefs about uncontrollability and danger of rumination and worry as well as maladaptive executive control of attentional processes. ..Within-group effect sizes were large for reductions … Continue reading A Randomized Controlled Trial of #Metacognitive Therapy for #Depression: Analysis of 1-Year Follow-Up

Efficacy and safety of #anti-inflammatory agents for the treatment of major #depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

..Four studies explored the antidepressant effects of NSAIDs in addition to traditional antidepressants. In all four studies, celecoxib was added at the same dose (400 mg/day). Traditional antidepressants used were sertraline, fluoxetine and reboxetine. We combined these studies for a subgroup meta-analysis, finding that antidepressants combined with celecoxib were better than antidepressants alone, leading to a larger reduction in depressive score (four RCTs, SMD −0.76, 95% CI … Continue reading Efficacy and safety of #anti-inflammatory agents for the treatment of major #depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Relationship Between Daily #Stress, #Depression Symptoms, and #Facebook Addiction Disorder in Germany and in the United States

This study investigated the link between experience of daily stress, depression symptoms, and the Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD) in Germany and in the United States. In samples from both countries (German sample: N = 531; U.S. sample: N = 909), daily stress was positively associated with FAD. Depression symptoms significantly positively moderated this positive relationship. Thus, current findings demonstrate that depressed individuals who often tend to intensively use Facebook … Continue reading Relationship Between Daily #Stress, #Depression Symptoms, and #Facebook Addiction Disorder in Germany and in the United States