The unfolding #COVID-19 pandemic: A probability-based, nationally representative study of #mental health in the U.S.

The COVID-19 pandemic is a collective stressor unfolding over time, yet rigorous published empirical studies addressing mental health consequences of COVID-19 among large probability-based national samples are rare. Between 3/18-4/18/20, during an escalating period of illness and death in the United States, we assessed acute stress, depressive symptoms and direct, community, and media-based exposures to COVID-19 in three consecutive representative samples across three 10-day periods … Continue reading The unfolding #COVID-19 pandemic: A probability-based, nationally representative study of #mental health in the U.S.

#Depression and subsequent risk for incident rheumatoid #arthritis among women

We investigated the association of depression with subsequent risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by serologic phenotype.. ..Among 195,358 women, we identified 858 incident RA cases (65% seropositive) over 3,087,556 person‐years (median 17.9 years/participant). Compared to women without depression, those with depression had multivariable HRs (95%CIs) of: 1.28(1.10‐1.48) for all RA; 1.12(0.93‐1.35) for seropositive RA; and 1.63(1.27‐2.09) for seronegative RA. When analyzing components of the composite … Continue reading #Depression and subsequent risk for incident rheumatoid #arthritis among women

Increased rates of #eating disorders and their symptoms in women with major #depressive disorder and #anxiety disorders

Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) have increased rates of major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders. Yet, few studies have investigated rates of EDs and their symptoms in individuals presenting with MDD/anxiety disorders. Identifying potential disordered eating in people with MDD/anxiety disorders is important because even subclinical disordered eating is associated with reduced quality of life, and undiagnosed eating pathology may hinder treatment progress for … Continue reading Increased rates of #eating disorders and their symptoms in women with major #depressive disorder and #anxiety disorders

Effect of Long-term Vitamin #D3 Supplementation vs Placebo on Risk of Depression or Clinically Relevant #Depressive Symptoms and on Change in Mood Scores A Randomized Clinical Trial

Low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D have been associated with higher risk for depression later in life, but there have been few long-term, high-dose large-scale trials.. Randomized assignment in a 2 × 2 factorial design to vitamin D3 (2000 IU/d of cholecalciferol) and fish oil or placebo; 9181 were randomized to vitamin D3 and 9172 were randomized to matching placebo.. Among the 18 353 randomized participants (mean age, 67.5 … Continue reading Effect of Long-term Vitamin #D3 Supplementation vs Placebo on Risk of Depression or Clinically Relevant #Depressive Symptoms and on Change in Mood Scores A Randomized Clinical Trial

The temporal association between incident late‐life #depression and incident #dementia

There is an established association between depression and subsequent dementia. The present study examined temporal associations between incident late‐life depression and subsequent dementia, also considering age and sex.. ..Incident depression was associated with a higher risk of subsequent dementia (incidence rate ratios (IRR) adjusted for age and sex: IRR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.51‐1.64). The strongest association was found for the shortest interval of … Continue reading The temporal association between incident late‐life #depression and incident #dementia

Apathy, but not depression, predicts all-cause dementia in cerebral small vessel disease

To determine whether apathy or depression predicts all-cause dementia in small vessel disease (SVD) patients. Methods Analyses used two prospective cohort studies of SVD: St. George’s Cognition and Neuroimaging in Stroke (SCANS; n=121) and Radboud University Nijmegen Diffusion Tensor and Magnetic Resonance Cohort (RUN DMC; n=352). Multivariate Cox regressions were used to predict dementia using baseline apathy and depression scores in both datasets. Change in … Continue reading Apathy, but not depression, predicts all-cause dementia in cerebral small vessel disease

Psychotherapy for Depression Across Different Age Groups: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

..After removing duplicates, 16 756 records were screened and 2608 full-text articles were screened. Of these, 366 trials (36 702 patients) with 453 comparisons between a therapy and a control condition were included in the qualitative analysis, including 13 (3.6%) in children (13 years and younger), 24 (6.6%) in adolescents (≥13 to 18 years), 19 (5.2%) in young adults (≥18 to 24 years), 242 (66.1%) in middle-aged … Continue reading Psychotherapy for Depression Across Different Age Groups: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

#Acne vulgaris and risk of #depression and #anxiety: A meta-analytic review

Several studies have shown an association of acne vulgaris with depression and anxiety, but a quantitative review has not yet been conducted.. Forty-two studies were included. We found a significant association of acne vulgaris with depression ( r = 0.22 [95% confidence interval 0.17-0.26, P < .00001]) and anxiety ( r = 0.25 [95% confidence interval 0.19-0.31, P < .00001]). Subgroup analyses and comparisons showed … Continue reading #Acne vulgaris and risk of #depression and #anxiety: A meta-analytic review

Outcomes of Online #Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Patients With Residual Depressive Symptoms A Randomized Clinical Trial

Patients with residual depressive symptoms face a gap in care because few resources, to date, are available to manage the lingering effects of their illness.. To evaluate the effectiveness for treating residual depressive symptoms with Mindful Mood Balance (MMB), a web-based application that delivers mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, plus usual depression care compared with usual depression care only. Participants who received MMB plus UDC had significantly … Continue reading Outcomes of Online #Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Patients With Residual Depressive Symptoms A Randomized Clinical Trial

Assessment of a Prediction Model for Antidepressant Treatment Stability Using Supervised Topic Models

..Stable treatment response, intended as a proxy for treatment effectiveness, defined as continued prescription of an antidepressant for 90 days. Supervised topic models were used to extract 10 interpretable covariates from coded clinical data for stability prediction. With use of data from 1 hospital system (site A), generalized linear models and ensembles of decision trees were trained to predict stability outcomes from topic features that … Continue reading Assessment of a Prediction Model for Antidepressant Treatment Stability Using Supervised Topic Models

Effects of #yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

..Eligibility criteria for selecting studies We included randomised controlled trials with a yoga intervention comprising ≥50% physical activity in adults with a recognised diagnosed mental disorder according to DSM-3, 4 or 5. Results 19 studies were included in the review (1080 participants) and 13 studies were included in the meta-analysis (632 participants). Disorders of depression, post-traumatic stress, schizophrenia, anxiety, alcohol dependence and bipolar were included. … Continue reading Effects of #yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

#Circadian rhythm and sleep alterations in older people with lifetime #depression: a case-control study

Depression is common in older people and is associated with underlying brain change increasing the risk of dementia. Sleep disturbance is frequently reported by those with lifetime depression, however whether circadian misalignment also exists is unclear. We aimed to examine circadian rhythms and sleep associations in older patients with and without lifetime depression.. ..Participants underwent 2-weeks of actigraphy followed by a 3-night protocol including dim … Continue reading #Circadian rhythm and sleep alterations in older people with lifetime #depression: a case-control study