Early detection of childhood overweight and related complications in a Danish population-based cohort aged 2–8 years

BackgroundOverweight in early childhood often tracks into adolescence and adulthood and early childhood is a critical period for developing sustained overweight. This study aims to investigate the early detection of childhood overweight (including obesity) and related cardiometabolic complications in a Danish population-based cohort of children aged 2.5–8 years in collaboration with primary care municipal dental …

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Mediobasal hypothalamic FKBP51 acts as a molecular switch linking autophagy to whole-body metabolism

The mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) is the central region in the physiological response to metabolic stress. The FK506-binding protein 51 (FKBP51) is a major modulator of the stress response and has recently emerged as a scaffolder regulating metabolic and autophagy pathways. However, the detailed protein-protein interactions linking FKBP51 to autophagy upon metabolic challenges remain elusive. We …

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Evaluation of Adiposity and Cognitive Function in Adults

Excess adipose tissue increases other cardiovascular risk factors, which may be associated with vascular brain injury and cognitive impairment. However, the extent to which the amount and distribution of adipose tissue may be associated with lower cognitive scores, independent of its association with cardiovascular risk factors, is not well characterized. Objective To investigate the association …

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Adipogenic Activity of Chemicals Used in Plastic Consumer Products

Bisphenols and phthalates, chemicals frequently used in plastic products, promote obesity in cell and animal models. However, these well-known metabolism-disrupting chemicals (MDCs) represent only a minute fraction of all compounds found in plastics. To gain a comprehensive understanding of plastics as a source of exposure to MDCs, we characterized the chemicals present in 34 everyday …

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Association of Metabolic Health and Central Obesity With the Risk of Thyroid Cancer: Data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study

Background:It is unknown whether the risk of thyroid cancer differs among metabolically healthy/unhealthy, normal-weight, or obese women. We aimed to assess the association of metabolic health and obesity with thyroid cancer risk. Methods:The Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study is a population-based prospective cohort study. Data were obtained from 173,343 participants (age {greater than or equal …

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