Micronutrient deficiencies and anaemia associated with body mass index in Australian adults: a cross-sectional study

Aim To estimate the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies and anaemia, and their association with body mass index (BMI) categories among Australian adults. Method We analysed data from the 2011–2013 Australian Health Survey from 3539 participants aged 18 years and over (without known pregnancy) with measured weight and height, and nutrient biomarkers. To address complex sampling, …

Continue reading Micronutrient deficiencies and anaemia associated with body mass index in Australian adults: a cross-sectional study

Weight loss strategies, weight change, and type 2 diabetes in US health professionals: A cohort study

BackgroundWeight loss is crucial for disease prevention among individuals with overweight or obesity. This study aimed to examine associations of weight loss strategies (WLSs) with weight change and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among US health professionals.Methods and findingsThis study included 93,110 participants (24 to 60 years old; 11.6% male) from the Nurses’ Health Study …

Continue reading Weight loss strategies, weight change, and type 2 diabetes in US health professionals: A cohort study

Diabetes and Obesity in Down Syndrome Across the Lifespan: A Retrospective Cohort Study Using U.K. Electronic Health Records

Down syndrome (DS) is the most common form of chromosomal trisomy. Genetic factors in DS may increase the risk for diabetes. This study aimed to determine whether DS is associated with an increased incidence of diabetes and the relationship with obesity across the life span compared with control patients.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSThis matched population–based cohort …

Continue reading Diabetes and Obesity in Down Syndrome Across the Lifespan: A Retrospective Cohort Study Using U.K. Electronic Health Records

Light at night in older age is associated with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension

Light at night (LAN) has been associated with negative health consequences and metabolic risk factors. Little is known about the prevalence of LAN in older adults in the U.S. and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. We tested the hypothesis that LAN in older age is associated with higher prevalence of individual CVD …

Continue reading Light at night in older age is associated with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension

Efficacy of very low calorie ketogenic diet in obese PCOS: a randomized controlled study

Background: Very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) was shown to be effective in reducing weight and insulin resistance (IR) in obese patients. Considering that IR is very common in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and that IR worsens hyperandrogenism, ovulatory disfunction, and body fat accumulation, conceivably VLCKD could alleviate PCOS manifestations in the obese phenotype. …

Continue reading Efficacy of very low calorie ketogenic diet in obese PCOS: a randomized controlled study