Light at night in older age is associated with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension

Light at night (LAN) has been associated with negative health consequences and metabolic risk factors. Little is known about the prevalence of LAN in older adults in the U.S. and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. We tested the hypothesis that LAN in older age is associated with higher prevalence of individual CVD …

Continue reading Light at night in older age is associated with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension

Efficacy of very low calorie ketogenic diet in obese PCOS: a randomized controlled study

Background: Very low-calorie ketogenic diet (VLCKD) was shown to be effective in reducing weight and insulin resistance (IR) in obese patients. Considering that IR is very common in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and that IR worsens hyperandrogenism, ovulatory disfunction, and body fat accumulation, conceivably VLCKD could alleviate PCOS manifestations in the obese phenotype. …

Continue reading Efficacy of very low calorie ketogenic diet in obese PCOS: a randomized controlled study

Longitudinal associations of childhood fitness and obesity profiles with midlife cognitive function: an Australian cohort study

ObjectivesClusters of low fitness and high obesity in childhood are associated with poorer health outcomes in later life, however their relationship with cognition is unknown. Identifying such profiles may inform strategies to reduce risk of cognitive decline. This study examined whether specific profiles of childhood fitness and obesity were associated with midlife cognition. DesignProspective study. …

Continue reading Longitudinal associations of childhood fitness and obesity profiles with midlife cognitive function: an Australian cohort study

Association of Bariatric Surgery With Cancer Risk and Mortality in Adults With Obesity

Importance Obesity increases the incidence and mortality from some types of cancer, but it remains uncertain whether intentional weight loss can decrease this risk. Objective To investigate whether bariatric surgery is associated with lower cancer risk and mortality in patients with obesity. Design, Setting, and Participants In the SPLENDID (Surgical Procedures and Long-term Effectiveness in …

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Early detection of childhood overweight and related complications in a Danish population-based cohort aged 2–8 years

BackgroundOverweight in early childhood often tracks into adolescence and adulthood and early childhood is a critical period for developing sustained overweight. This study aims to investigate the early detection of childhood overweight (including obesity) and related cardiometabolic complications in a Danish population-based cohort of children aged 2.5–8 years in collaboration with primary care municipal dental …

Continue reading Early detection of childhood overweight and related complications in a Danish population-based cohort aged 2–8 years