Gut microbiome-wide association study of depressive symptoms

Depression is one of the most poorly understood diseases due to its elusive pathogenesis. There is an urgency to identify molecular and biological mechanisms underlying depression and the gut microbiome is a novel area of interest. Here we investigate the relation of fecal microbiome diversity and composition with depressive symptoms in 1,054 participants from the …

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Mobile genetic elements from the maternal microbiome shape infant gut microbial assembly and metabolism

The perinatal period represents a critical window for cognitive and immune system development, promoted by maternal and infant gut microbiomes and their metabolites. Here, we tracked the co-development of microbiomes and metabolomes from late pregnancy to 1 year of age using longitudinal multi-omics data from a cohort of 70 mother-infant dyads. We discovered large-scale mother-to-infant …

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Maternal gut microbiome–induced IgG regulates neonatal gut microbiome and immunity

Breast milk IgG adds valueAlthough the most abundant class of antibody present in breast milk is IgA, maternal IgG antibodies also get transferred into breast milk via the neonatal Fc receptor. Sanidad et al. used mouse models to investigate the capacity of breast milk IgG to protect against pathogens and promote the establishment of a …

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Gut bacterial isoamylamine promotes age-related cognitive dysfunction by promoting microglial cell death

The intestinal microbiome releases a plethora of small molecules. Here, we show that the Ruminococcaceae metabolite isoamylamine (IAA) is enriched in aged mice and elderly people, whereas Ruminococcaceae phages, belonging to the Myoviridae family, are reduced. Young mice orally administered IAA show cognitive decline, whereas Myoviridae phage administration reduces IAA levels. Mechanistically, IAA promotes apoptosis …

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Longitudinal multi-omics analyses link gut microbiome dysbiosis with recurrent urinary tract infections in women

Recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs) are a major health burden worldwide, with history of infection being a significant risk factor. While the gut is a known reservoir for uropathogenic bacteria, the role of the microbiota in rUTI remains unclear. We conducted a year-long study of women with (n = 15) and without (n = 16) history of rUTI, from …

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