Childhood Daily #Energy Expenditure Does Not Decrease with Market Integration and Is Not Related to #Adiposity in Amazonia

Childhood overweight and obesity (OW/OB) is increasingly centered in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as rural populations experience market integration and lifeway change. Most explanatory studies have relied on imprecise estimates of children’s energy expenditure, restricting understanding of the relative effects of changes in diet and energy expenditure on the development of OW/OB in transitioning contexts.. ..Cross-sectional data were collected from “rural” (n = 43) … Continue reading Childhood Daily #Energy Expenditure Does Not Decrease with Market Integration and Is Not Related to #Adiposity in Amazonia

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#Cardiac Structure and Function in Elite Female and Male #Soccer Players

Population-specific normative data are essential for the evaluation of competitive athletes. At present, there are limited data defining normal electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic values among elite US soccer players.. .. A total of 238 athletes (122 [51%] female; mean [SD] age, 20 [4] years; age range, 15-40 years) were included. Male athletes demonstrated a higher prevalence of normal training-related ECG findings, while female athletes were more likely … Continue reading #Cardiac Structure and Function in Elite Female and Male #Soccer Players

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World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical #activity and #sedentary behaviour

..The new guidelines address children, adolescents, adults, older adults and include new specific recommendations for pregnant and postpartum women and people living with chronic conditions or disability. All adults should undertake 150–300 min of moderate-intensity, or 75–150 min of vigorous-intensity physical activity, or some equivalent combination of moderate-intensity and vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, per week. Among children and adolescents, an average of 60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic … Continue reading World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical #activity and #sedentary behaviour

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Effect of #caloric restriction with or without physical #activity on body composition and epicardial #fat in type 2 diabetic patients: a pilot randomized controlled trial

There is debate over the independent and combined effects of caloric restriction (CR) and physical activity (PA) on reduction in fat mass and in epicardial fat thickness. We compared the impact of a similar energy deficit prescription by CR or by CR combined with PA on total fat mass, epicardial fat thickness, and cardiometabolic profile in individuals with type 2 diabetes In this 16-week randomized … Continue reading Effect of #caloric restriction with or without physical #activity on body composition and epicardial #fat in type 2 diabetic patients: a pilot randomized controlled trial

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Inadequate #Physical Activity and #Sedentary Behavior Are Independent Predictors of Nonalcoholic Fatty #Liver Disease

In general, physical activity (PA) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have an inverse association. However, studies assessing the impact of the widely accepted Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PA Guidelines) on NAFLD are lacking. We performed a serial, cross‐sectional analysis among adults by using the 2007‐2016 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. NAFLD and advanced fibrosis were defined by using various noninvasive panels. … Continue reading Inadequate #Physical Activity and #Sedentary Behavior Are Independent Predictors of Nonalcoholic Fatty #Liver Disease

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Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Sedentary time is inversely associated with health. Capturing 24 hours of behavior (i.e., sleep, sedentary, light physical activity, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) is necessary to understand behavior–health associations.. ..Cross-sectional analyses revealed substituting prolonged sedentary time for sleep was associated with lower stress (standardized β= −0.11), better mood (−0.12), and lower BMI (−0.10). Substituting total or prolonged sedentary for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was associated with lower … Continue reading Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

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Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

..We enrolled 156 patients with a mean age of 56 years; 78 patients were assigned to each group. Baseline characteristics, including severity of pain and level of disability, were similar in the two groups. The mean (±SD) baseline WOMAC scores were 108.8±47.1 in the glucocorticoid injection group and 107.1±42.4 in the physical therapy group. At 1 year, the mean scores were 55.8±53.8 and 37.0±30.7, respectively … Continue reading Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

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Association of Healthy #Lifestyle With Years Lived Without Major Chronic Diseases

..Four baseline lifestyle factors (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and alcohol consumption) were each allocated a score based on risk status: optimal (2 points), intermediate (1 point), or poor (0 points) resulting in an aggregated lifestyle score ranging from 0 (worst) to 8 (best). Sixteen lifestyle profiles were constructed from combinations of these risk factors. Main Outcomes and Measures The number of years between … Continue reading Association of Healthy #Lifestyle With Years Lived Without Major Chronic Diseases

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Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

To describe spontaneous changes in time spent being physically inactive that is measured continuously by accelerometry during an 8‐week weight‐loss intervention in overweight/obese individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA).. A total of 124 participants completed the dietary intervention and had valid accelerometer recordings. The mean weight loss was 12.7 kg (95% confidence interval [95% CI] –13.2, –12.1; P < 0.0001) after 8 weeks, which corresponded to … Continue reading Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

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#Depressive symptoms and objectively measured physical activity and #sedentary behaviour throughout adolescence: a prospective cohort study

..Higher depression scores at 18 years were associated with a 60 min/day increase in sedentary behaviour at 12 years (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 1·111 [95% CI 1·051–1·176]), 14 years (1·080 [1·012–1·152]), and 16 years of age (1·107 [1·015–1·208]). Depression scores at 18 years were lower for every additional 60 min/day of light activity at 12 years (0·904 [0·850–0·961]), 14 years (0·922 [0·857–0·992]), and 16 years … Continue reading #Depressive symptoms and objectively measured physical activity and #sedentary behaviour throughout adolescence: a prospective cohort study

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#Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

Lifestyle modification is a key component of cardiovascular disease prevention before and concurrently with pharmacologic interventions.. ..In participants who initiated medication use, body mass index increased more (difference in change 0.19; 95% CI, 0.16–0.22) and physical activity declined (−0.09 metabolic equivalent of task hour/day; 95% CI, −0.16 to −0.02) compared with noninitiators. The likelihood of becoming obese (odds ratio: 1.82; 95% CI, 1.63–2.03) and physically … Continue reading #Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

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Effects of physical activity #calorie equivalent food labelling to reduce food selection and consumption: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies

There is limited evidence that nutritional labelling on food/drinks is changing eating behaviours. Physical activity calorie equivalent (PACE) food labelling aims to provide the public with information about the amount of physical activity required to expend the number of kilocalories in food/drinks (eg, calories in this pizza requires 45 min of running to burn), to encourage healthier food choices and reduce disease.. ..When PACE labelling was … Continue reading Effects of physical activity #calorie equivalent food labelling to reduce food selection and consumption: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies

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