Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Sedentary time is inversely associated with health. Capturing 24 hours of behavior (i.e., sleep, sedentary, light physical activity, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) is necessary to understand behavior–health associations.. ..Cross-sectional analyses revealed substituting prolonged sedentary time for sleep was associated with lower stress (standardized β= −0.11), better mood (−0.12), and lower BMI (−0.10). Substituting total or prolonged sedentary for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was associated with lower … Continue reading Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

..We enrolled 156 patients with a mean age of 56 years; 78 patients were assigned to each group. Baseline characteristics, including severity of pain and level of disability, were similar in the two groups. The mean (±SD) baseline WOMAC scores were 108.8±47.1 in the glucocorticoid injection group and 107.1±42.4 in the physical therapy group. At 1 year, the mean scores were 55.8±53.8 and 37.0±30.7, respectively … Continue reading Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Association of Healthy #Lifestyle With Years Lived Without Major Chronic Diseases

..Four baseline lifestyle factors (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and alcohol consumption) were each allocated a score based on risk status: optimal (2 points), intermediate (1 point), or poor (0 points) resulting in an aggregated lifestyle score ranging from 0 (worst) to 8 (best). Sixteen lifestyle profiles were constructed from combinations of these risk factors. Main Outcomes and Measures The number of years between … Continue reading Association of Healthy #Lifestyle With Years Lived Without Major Chronic Diseases

Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

To describe spontaneous changes in time spent being physically inactive that is measured continuously by accelerometry during an 8‐week weight‐loss intervention in overweight/obese individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA).. A total of 124 participants completed the dietary intervention and had valid accelerometer recordings. The mean weight loss was 12.7 kg (95% confidence interval [95% CI] –13.2, –12.1; P < 0.0001) after 8 weeks, which corresponded to … Continue reading Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

#Depressive symptoms and objectively measured physical activity and #sedentary behaviour throughout adolescence: a prospective cohort study

..Higher depression scores at 18 years were associated with a 60 min/day increase in sedentary behaviour at 12 years (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 1·111 [95% CI 1·051–1·176]), 14 years (1·080 [1·012–1·152]), and 16 years of age (1·107 [1·015–1·208]). Depression scores at 18 years were lower for every additional 60 min/day of light activity at 12 years (0·904 [0·850–0·961]), 14 years (0·922 [0·857–0·992]), and 16 years … Continue reading #Depressive symptoms and objectively measured physical activity and #sedentary behaviour throughout adolescence: a prospective cohort study

#Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

Lifestyle modification is a key component of cardiovascular disease prevention before and concurrently with pharmacologic interventions.. ..In participants who initiated medication use, body mass index increased more (difference in change 0.19; 95% CI, 0.16–0.22) and physical activity declined (−0.09 metabolic equivalent of task hour/day; 95% CI, −0.16 to −0.02) compared with noninitiators. The likelihood of becoming obese (odds ratio: 1.82; 95% CI, 1.63–2.03) and physically … Continue reading #Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

Effects of physical activity #calorie equivalent food labelling to reduce food selection and consumption: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies

There is limited evidence that nutritional labelling on food/drinks is changing eating behaviours. Physical activity calorie equivalent (PACE) food labelling aims to provide the public with information about the amount of physical activity required to expend the number of kilocalories in food/drinks (eg, calories in this pizza requires 45 min of running to burn), to encourage healthier food choices and reduce disease.. ..When PACE labelling was … Continue reading Effects of physical activity #calorie equivalent food labelling to reduce food selection and consumption: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies

#C-reactive protein mediates the association between leisure-time physical #activity and #lung function in middle-aged and older adults

Although previous studies have reported the benefits of physical activity (PA) to lung function in middle-aged and older adults, the biological mechanisms are still unclear.. ..Multiple linear regression models suggested that higher PA was associated with lower levels of CRP (β = − 0.048, P = 0.002 for moderate PA; β = − 0.108, P < 0.001 for high PA). CRP negatively correlated with FEV1 (β = − 0.180, P < 0.001) and FVC (β = − 0.181, P < 0.001). Higher levels of PA … Continue reading #C-reactive protein mediates the association between leisure-time physical #activity and #lung function in middle-aged and older adults

Amount and Intensity of Leisure-Time #Physical Activity and Lower #Cancer Risk

To determine whether recommended amounts of leisure-time physical activity (ie, 7.5-15 metabolic equivalent task [MET] hours/week) are associated with lower cancer risk.. ..Engagement in recommended amounts of activity (7.5-15 MET hours/week) was associated with a statistically significant lower risk of 7 of the 15 cancer types studied, including colon (8%-14% lower risk in men), breast (6%-10% lower risk), endometrial (10%-18% lower risk), kidney (11%-17% lower … Continue reading Amount and Intensity of Leisure-Time #Physical Activity and Lower #Cancer Risk

Clustering of #lifestyle risk factors for non-communicable diseases in 304,779 #adolescents from 89 countries: A global perspective

The precursors of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are often manifested during childhood and adolescence with little knowledge about co-occurrence of their related lifestyle risk factors. .. ..Adolescents aged 16–17 years, compared to those aged 11–13 years, had higher odds (OR 1.33; 95% CI 1.31–1.36) of reporting ≥3 risk factors. Risk factors clustered in multiple combinations and differed by sex. The clustering of physical inactivity and low … Continue reading Clustering of #lifestyle risk factors for non-communicable diseases in 304,779 #adolescents from 89 countries: A global perspective

Body #mass index, diet, physical inactivity, and the incidence of #dementia in 1 million UK women

..Fifteen years after the baseline survey, only 1% were lost to follow-up, and 89% remained alive with no detected dementia, of whom 18,695 had dementia detected later, at a mean age of 77 (SD 4) years. Dementia detection during years 15+ was associated with baseline obesity (BMI 30+ vs 20–24 kg/m2: RR 1.21, 95% confidence interval 1.16–1.26, p < 0.0001) but not clearly with low … Continue reading Body #mass index, diet, physical inactivity, and the incidence of #dementia in 1 million UK women

Physical #activity offsets genetic risk for incident #depression assessed via electronic health records in a biobank cohort study

Polygenic risk was associated with increased odds of incident depression, and physical activity showed a protective effect of similar but opposite magnitude, even after adjusting for BMI, employment status, educational attainment, and prior depression. Higher levels of physical activity were associated with reduced odds of incident depression across all levels of genetic vulnerability, even among individuals at highest polygenic risk. Conclusions Real‐world data from a … Continue reading Physical #activity offsets genetic risk for incident #depression assessed via electronic health records in a biobank cohort study