#Alcohol Use Disorder and Risk of #Suicide in a Swedish Population-Based Cohort

..The lifetime rate of suicide during the observation period was 3.54% for women and 3.94% for men with AUD, compared with 0.29% and 0.76% of women and men, respectively, without AUD. In adjusted analyses, AUD remained robustly associated with suicide: hazard ratios across observation periods ranged from 2.61 to 128.0 among women and from 2.44 to 28.0 among men. Co-relative analyses indicated that familial confounding … Continue reading #Alcohol Use Disorder and Risk of #Suicide in a Swedish Population-Based Cohort

#Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12‐step programs for #alcohol use disorder

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) confers a prodigious burden of disease, disability, premature mortality, and high economic costs from lost productivity, accidents, violence, incarceration, and increased healthcare utilization. For over 80 years, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) has been a widespread AUD recovery organization, with millions of members and treatment free at the point of access, but it is only recently that rigorous research on its effectiveness has … Continue reading #Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12‐step programs for #alcohol use disorder

Temporal Changes in Resting #Heart Rate, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Heart #Failure and Cardiovascular Disease: CARDIA Study

..Higher alcohol consumption (β=0.03, p<0.001), lower physical activity (β=0.002,p=001), smoking (β=1.58, p<0.001), men (p<0.001), African-Americans (p<0.001), impaired left ventricular relaxation (e´,β=-0.13, p=0.002), and worse diastolic function (E/e´,β=0.1, p=0.01) were associated with longitudinal increases in resting heart rate. We observed 268 cardiovascular disease and 74 heart failure events over a median of 26 years. In Cox models, baseline and temporal changes in resting heart rate were … Continue reading Temporal Changes in Resting #Heart Rate, Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Heart #Failure and Cardiovascular Disease: CARDIA Study

Evidence for a Direct Harmful Effect of #Alcohol on #Myocardial Health: A Large Cross‐Sectional Study of Consumption Patterns and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Biomarkers From Northwest Russia, 2015 to 2017

..Measurements were made of the following: (1) high‐sensitivity cardiac troponin T, (2) NT‐proBNP (N‐terminal pro‐B‐type natriuretic peptide), and (3) hsCRP (high‐sensitivity C‐reactive protein). The narcology clinic subsample had the most extreme drinking pattern and the highest levels of all 3 biomarkers relative to nonproblem drinkers in the general population: high‐sensitivity cardiac troponin T was elevated by 10.3% (95% CI, 3.7%–17.4%), NT‐proBNP by 46.7% (95% CI, … Continue reading Evidence for a Direct Harmful Effect of #Alcohol on #Myocardial Health: A Large Cross‐Sectional Study of Consumption Patterns and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Biomarkers From Northwest Russia, 2015 to 2017

#Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Liver #Cirrhosis A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

..There was no increased risk for occasional drinkers. Consumption of one drink per day in comparison to long-term abstainers showed an increased risk for liver cirrhosis in women, but not in men. The risk for women was consistently higher compared to men. Drinking ≥5 drinks per day was associated with a substantially increased risk in both women (relative risk [RR] = 12.44, 95% confidence interval … Continue reading #Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Liver #Cirrhosis A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Convergent evidence for predispositional effects of #brain gray matter volume on #alcohol consumption

Smaller right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC; i.e., middle and superior frontal gyri) and insula GMVs were associated with increased alcohol use across samples. Family-based and prospective longitudinal data suggest these associations are genetically-conferred and that DLPFC GMV prospectively predicts future use and initiation. Genomic risk for alcohol use was enriched in gene-sets preferentially expressed in the DLPFC, and associated with replicable differential gene expression in … Continue reading Convergent evidence for predispositional effects of #brain gray matter volume on #alcohol consumption

Frequent #drinking is a more important risk factor for new-onset atrial #fibrillation than binge drinking: a nationwide population-based study

Compared with patients who drink twice per week (reference group), patients who drink once per week showed the lowest risk [hazard ratio (HR) 0.933, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.916–0.950] and those who drink everyday had the highest risk for new-onset AF (HR 1.412, 95% CI 1.373–1.453), respectively. However, the amount of alcohol intake per drinking session did not present any clear association with new-onset AF. … Continue reading Frequent #drinking is a more important risk factor for new-onset atrial #fibrillation than binge drinking: a nationwide population-based study

Population Impact Attributable to Modifiable Risk Factors for Hyperuricemia

BMI, alcohol intake, adherence to a DASH‐style diet, and diuretic use were all associated with serum urate levels and the presence of hyperuricemia in a dose‐response manner. The corresponding PARs of hyperuricemia cases for overweight/obesity (prevalence, 60%), non‐adherence to a DASH‐style diet (prevalence, 82%), alcohol use (prevalence, 48%), and diuretic use (prevalence, 8%) were 44% (95% CI, 41 to 48%), 9% (3% to 16%), 8% … Continue reading Population Impact Attributable to Modifiable Risk Factors for Hyperuricemia

Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Dementia and Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults With or Without Mild Cognitive Impairment

Findings were consistent when stratified by sex, age, and APOE E4 genotype. Compared with drinking less than 1.0 drink per week, complete abstention (in participants without MCI) and the consumption of more than 14.0 drinks per week (in participants with MCI) were associated with lower Modified Mini-Mental State Examination scores (mean difference at follow-up compared with baseline, −0.46 point [95% CI, −0.87 to −0.04 point] … Continue reading Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Dementia and Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults With or Without Mild Cognitive Impairment