Physical presence of spouse enhances brain-to-brain synchrony in co-parenting couples

Co-parenting spouses who live together remain in close physical proximity to each other and regularly engage in reciprocal social interactions in joint endeavors to coordinate their caregiving. Although bi-parental rearing is a common occurrence in humans, the influence of the physical presence of a co-parenting spouse on parental brain responses remains largely unknown. Synchrony is conceptualized as the matching of behavioral and physiological signals between … Continue reading Physical presence of spouse enhances brain-to-brain synchrony in co-parenting couples

Outcomes of COVID-19 in 79 patients with #IBD in Italy: an IG-IBD study

COVID-19 has rapidly become a major health emergency worldwide. Patients with IBD are at increased risk of infection, especially when they have active disease and are taking immunosuppressive therapy. The characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 in patients with IBD remain unclear.. ..Between 11 and 29 March 2020, 79 patients with IBD with COVID-19 were enrolled at 24 IBD referral units. Thirty-six patients had COVID-19-related pneumonia … Continue reading Outcomes of COVID-19 in 79 patients with #IBD in Italy: an IG-IBD study

Effects of #yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

..Eligibility criteria for selecting studies We included randomised controlled trials with a yoga intervention comprising ≥50% physical activity in adults with a recognised diagnosed mental disorder according to DSM-3, 4 or 5. Results 19 studies were included in the review (1080 participants) and 13 studies were included in the meta-analysis (632 participants). Disorders of depression, post-traumatic stress, schizophrenia, anxiety, alcohol dependence and bipolar were included. … Continue reading Effects of #yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Risk factors for #SARS-CoV-2 among patients in the Oxford Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre primary care network: a cross-sectional study

There are few primary care studies of the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to identify demographic and clinical risk factors for testing positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) within the Oxford Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) Research and Surveillance Centre primary care network.. ..We identified 3802 SARS-CoV-2 test results, of which 587 were positive. In multivariable analysis, male sex was independently associated … Continue reading Risk factors for #SARS-CoV-2 among patients in the Oxford Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre primary care network: a cross-sectional study

Oral #fluconazole use in the first trimester and risk of congenital #malformations: population based cohort study

..The study cohort of 1 969 954 pregnancies included 37 650 (1.9%) pregnancies exposed to oral fluconazole and 82 090 (4.2%) pregnancies exposed to topical azoles during the first trimester. The risk of musculoskeletal malformations was 52.1 (95% confidence interval 44.8 to 59.3) per 10 000 pregnancies exposed to fluconazole versus 37.3 (33.1 to 41.4) per 10 000 pregnancies exposed to topical azoles. The risks of conotruncal malformations were 9.6 (6.4 … Continue reading Oral #fluconazole use in the first trimester and risk of congenital #malformations: population based cohort study

Assessment of #dextrose 50 bolus versus dextrose 10 infusion in the management of #hyperkalemia in the ED

Hypoglycemia is a common adverse effect when intravenous (IV) insulin is administered for hyperkalemia. A prolonged infusion of dextrose 10% (D10) may mitigate hypoglycemia compared to dextrose 50% (D50) bolus. Our objective was to evaluate whether D10 infusion is a safe and effective alternative to D50 bolus for hypoglycemia prevention in hyperkalemic patients receiving IV insulin.. ..There was no difference in incidence of hypoglycemia between … Continue reading Assessment of #dextrose 50 bolus versus dextrose 10 infusion in the management of #hyperkalemia in the ED

Clinical Outcomes With #Beta-Blocker Use in Patients With Recent History of Myocardial #Infarction

It is uncertain whether beta-blockers (BBs) are beneficial in contemporary stable patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI). Therefore, we sought to examine the effectiveness of BB use in this population.. ..We included 33,811 patients with prior MI, of whom 21,440 (63.4%) were dispensed a BB. The median age was 78 years, and 56% were male. There was no difference in the 1-year hazard of death/hospitalization … Continue reading Clinical Outcomes With #Beta-Blocker Use in Patients With Recent History of Myocardial #Infarction

#Potato Protein Isolate Stimulates #Muscle Protein Synthesis at Rest and with Resistance Exercise in Young Women

Skeletal muscle myofibrillar protein synthesis (MPS) increases in response to protein feeding and to resistance exercise (RE), where each stimuli acts synergistically when combined. The efficacy of plant proteins such as potato protein (PP) isolate to stimulate MPS is unknown. We aimed to determine the effects of PP ingestion on daily MPS with and without RE in healthy women. In a single blind, parallel-group design, … Continue reading #Potato Protein Isolate Stimulates #Muscle Protein Synthesis at Rest and with Resistance Exercise in Young Women

Mid-Term Effects of Pulmonary #Rehabilitation on Cognitive Function in People with Severe Chronic Obstructive #Pulmonary Disease

Cognitive dysfunction is a common impairment associated with COPD. However, little is known about 1) its prevalence among those subjects referred for pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), 2) how it may affect the benefit of PR, 3) whether PR improves cognitive function and 4) whether cognitive dysfunction affects the usability of telehealth technology usually used to deliver in-home PR.. ..Mild cognitive dysfunction was found in 41 subjects … Continue reading Mid-Term Effects of Pulmonary #Rehabilitation on Cognitive Function in People with Severe Chronic Obstructive #Pulmonary Disease

Long-term dietary #flavonoid intake and risk of #Alzheimer disease and related dementias in the Framingham Offspring Cohort

Findings from existing prospective observational studies on the protective associations of flavonoid intake and the risk of Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRD) are inconsistent largely due to limitations of these studies.. ..Over an average follow-up of 19.7 y in 2801 participants (mean baseline age = 59.1 y; 52% females), there were 193 ADRD events of which 158 were AD. After multivariate and dietary adjustments, … Continue reading Long-term dietary #flavonoid intake and risk of #Alzheimer disease and related dementias in the Framingham Offspring Cohort

Rebaudioside affords hepatoprotection ameliorating sugar sweetened beverage- induced nonalcoholic #steatohepatitis

Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is a known independent risk factor for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Non-caloric sweeteners (NCS) are food additives providing sweetness without calories and are considered safe and/or not metabolized by the liver. The potential role of newer NCS in the regulation of NASH, however, remain unknown. Our study aimed to determine the impact of newer NCS including Rebaudioside A and sucralose on NASH using … Continue reading Rebaudioside affords hepatoprotection ameliorating sugar sweetened beverage- induced nonalcoholic #steatohepatitis

Association of Blood Pressure Lowering With Incident #Dementia or Cognitive Impairment A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

..The mean (SD) age of trial participants was 69 (5.4) years and 40 617 (42.2%) were women. The mean systolic baseline blood pressure was 154 (14.9) mm Hg and the mean diastolic blood pressure was 83.3 (9.9) mm Hg. The mean duration of follow-up was 49.2 months. Blood pressure lowering with antihypertensive agents compared with control was significantly associated with a reduced risk of dementia … Continue reading Association of Blood Pressure Lowering With Incident #Dementia or Cognitive Impairment A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis