Are there outcome differences between NAFLD and metabolic-associated fatty liver disease?

BackgroundGiven the association of NAFLD with metabolic risks, a name change to MAFLD is proposed. We compared the long-term outcomes of NAFLD and MAFLD. MethodsWe included patients with fatty liver disease (FLD) from NHANES III and NHANES 2017–2018 (FLD defined as moderate to severe hepatic steatosis by ultrasound for NHANES III and as having a …

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Alopecia areata following COVID-19 vaccination: vaccine-induced autoimmunity?

Dear Editor, We report a case of an 80-year-old man who came to our attention for a rapidly progressive loss of facial hair 7 days after the administration of the first dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine, an mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2. He had no personal or family history of alopecia or autoimmunity. Before the vaccination, a …

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Association of Diet and Antimicrobial Resistance in Healthy U.S. Adults

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with expectations that AMR-associated consequences will continue to worsen throughout the coming decades. Since resistance to antibiotics is encoded in the microbiome, interventions aimed at altering the taxonomic composition of the gut might allow us to prophylactically engineer microbiomes that harbor fewer antibiotic …

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School Closures During Social Lockdown and Mental Health, Health Behaviors, and Well-being Among Children and Adolescents During the First COVID-19 WaveA Systematic Review

Importance School closures as part of broader social lockdown measures during the COVID-19 pandemic may be associated with the health and well-being of children and adolescents. Objective To review published reports on the association of school closures during broader social lockdown with mental health, health behaviors, and well-being in children and adolescents aged 0 to …

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COVID-19 Vaccine effectiveness against symptomatic infection and hospitalization in Belgium, July 2021-APRIL 2022

The COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Belgium aimed to reduce disease spread and severity. We quantified the observed vaccine effectiveness (VE) against symptomatic infection (VEi) and hospitalization (VEh). Exhaustive data on testing and vaccination was combined with a clinical hospital survey. We estimated VEi using a test negative design and VEh using a proportional hazard analysis. …

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