Foreword

Buongiorno! Guten Tag! Good Morning!
My name is Aldo, I am a physician and I live in Milano, Italy. I have always read a lot of medical news, and I have realised how difficult it is to forget to read those news if you’re not disciplined enough or if you don’t make that a habit. So I have decided to help myself and the community, here and on the Telegram app, and share just two articles daily, those that get my attention. All the articles can be searched by Category or Tag.

Buona Lettura! Continue reading Foreword

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The #SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain preferentially recognizes #blood group A

Key Points The RBD of SARS-CoV-2 shares sequence similarity with an ancient lectin family known to bind blood group antigens. SARS-CoV-2 RBD binds the blood group A expressed on respiratory epithelial cells, directly linking blood group A and SARS-CoV-2. https://bit.ly/3sRfU1l Continue reading The #SARS-CoV-2 receptor-binding domain preferentially recognizes #blood group A

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The efficacy of real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback for #psychiatric illness: A meta-analysis of brain and behavioral outcomes

Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback (rtfMRI-NF) has gained popularity as an experimental treatment for a variety of psychiatric illnesses. However, there has yet to be a quantitative review regarding its efficacy. Here, we present the first meta-analysis of rtfMRI-NF for psychiatric disorders, evaluating its impact on brain and behavioral outcomes. Our literature review identified 17 studies and 105 effect sizes across brain and behavioral … Continue reading The efficacy of real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback for #psychiatric illness: A meta-analysis of brain and behavioral outcomes

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A living WHO guideline on drugs to prevent #covid-19

..The linked systematic review and network meta-analysis (6 trials and 6059 participants) found that hydroxychloroquine had a small or no effect on mortality and admission to hospital (high certainty evidence). There was a small or no effect on laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection (moderate certainty evidence) but probably increased adverse events leading to discontinuation (moderate certainty evidence). The panel judged that almost all people would not … Continue reading A living WHO guideline on drugs to prevent #covid-19

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Association between #obesity with pattern and length of #menstrual cycle: The role of metabolic and hormonal markers

To evaluate in a sample of Chilean adult women, the association between adiposity markers with pattern and length of the menstrual cycle, assessing the influence of metabolic markers and hormones in this relationship. Study design We conducted a cross-sectional study involving 401 premenopausal women belonging to the DERCAM study (Determinants of Breast Cancer Risk) from Santiago, Chile. The menstrual cycle pattern was defined as regular … Continue reading Association between #obesity with pattern and length of #menstrual cycle: The role of metabolic and hormonal markers

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#Height Loss in Old Age and #Fracture Risk Among Men in Late Life: A Prospective Cohort Study

To assess the association of height loss in old age with subsequent risk of hip and any clinical fracture in men late in life while accounting for the competing risk of mortality, we used data from 3,491 community‐dwelling men (mean age 79.2 years). Height loss between baseline and follow‐up (mean 7.0 years between examinations) was categorized as <1 cm (referent group), ≥1 to <2 cm, … Continue reading #Height Loss in Old Age and #Fracture Risk Among Men in Late Life: A Prospective Cohort Study

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Self- Monitoring via Digital Health in #Weight Loss Interventions: A Systematic Review Among Adults with Overweight or #Obesity

Objective: Self- monitoring is a core component of behavioral obesity treatment, but it is unknown how digital health has been used for self- monitoring, what engagement rates are achieved in these interven-tions, and how self- monitoring and weight loss are related. Methods: This systematic review examined digital self- monitoring in behavioral weight loss interventions among adults with overweight or obesity. Six databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, … Continue reading Self- Monitoring via Digital Health in #Weight Loss Interventions: A Systematic Review Among Adults with Overweight or #Obesity

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Association of Major Dietary #Protein Sources With All‐Cause and Cause‐Specific #Mortality: Prospective Cohort Study

Dietary recommendations regarding protein intake have been focused on the amount of protein. However, such recommendations without considering specific protein sources may be simplistic and insufficient. Methods and Results We included 102 521 postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women’s Health Initiative between 1993 and 1998, and followed them through February 2017. During 1 876 205 person‐years of follow‐up, 25 976 deaths occurred. Comparing the highest … Continue reading Association of Major Dietary #Protein Sources With All‐Cause and Cause‐Specific #Mortality: Prospective Cohort Study

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#Fructose reprogrammes glutamine-dependent oxidative metabolism to support LPS-induced inflammation

Fructose intake has increased substantially throughout the developed world and is associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Currently, our understanding of the metabolic and mechanistic implications for immune cells, such as monocytes and macrophages, exposed to elevated levels of dietary fructose is limited. Here, we show that fructose reprograms cellular metabolic pathways to favour glutaminolysis and oxidative metabolism, which are … Continue reading #Fructose reprogrammes glutamine-dependent oxidative metabolism to support LPS-induced inflammation

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Clinical and Biological Correlates of White Matter Hyperintensities in Patients with #Behavioral-variant Frontotemporal #Dementia and #Alzheimer Disease

To test the hypothesis that white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in behavioral-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and Alzheimer disease (AD) are associated with disease variables such as disease severity, cortical atrophy and cognition, we conducted a cross-sectional brain MRI study with volumetric and voxel-wise analyses. Methods: 129 patients (64 bvFTD, 65 AD) and 66 controls underwent high-resolution brain MRI, clinical and neuropsychological examination. Genetic screening was conducted … Continue reading Clinical and Biological Correlates of White Matter Hyperintensities in Patients with #Behavioral-variant Frontotemporal #Dementia and #Alzheimer Disease

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Risk‐adapted starting age of #breast cancer screening in women with a family history of #ovarian or other cancers: A nationwide cohort study

There is a lack of evidence‐based recommendations for the age at which women with a family history of cancers other than breast cancer should start breast cancer screening. METHODS Using Swedish family cancer data sets, the authors conducted a nationwide cohort study including 5,099,172 Swedish women born after 1931 (follow‐up, 1958‐2015). Accounting for calendar time, they calculated the relative risk of breast cancer for women … Continue reading Risk‐adapted starting age of #breast cancer screening in women with a family history of #ovarian or other cancers: A nationwide cohort study

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#Personality pathways to mortality: Interleukin-6 links conscientiousness to #mortality risk

Personality is associated consistently with mortality hazards, but the physiological pathways are not yet clear. Immune system dysregulation may be one such pathway due to its role in age-related morbidity and mortality. In this preregistered study, we tested whether interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) mediated the associations between personality traits and mortality hazards. The sample included 957 participants (M ± SD = 58.65 ± … Continue reading #Personality pathways to mortality: Interleukin-6 links conscientiousness to #mortality risk

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#Statin treatment and #muscle symptoms: series of randomised, placebo controlled n-of-1 trials

To establish the effect of statins on muscle symptoms in people who had previously reported muscle symptoms when taking statins. Design Series of randomised, placebo controlled n-of-1 trials. Setting Primary care across 50 sites in the United Kingdom, December 2016 to April 2018. Participants 200 participants who had recently stopped or were considering stopping treatment with statins because of muscle symptoms. Interventions Participants were randomised … Continue reading #Statin treatment and #muscle symptoms: series of randomised, placebo controlled n-of-1 trials

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