Foreword

Buongiorno! Guten Tag! Good Morning!
My name is Aldo, I am a physician and I live in Milano, Italy. I have always read a lot of medical news, and I have realised how difficult it is to forget to read those news if you’re not disciplined enough or if you don’t make that a habit. So I have decided to help myself and the community, here and on the Telegram app, and share just two articles daily, those that get my attention. All the articles can be searched by Category or Tag.

Buona Lettura! Continue reading Foreword

Effects of oral #semaglutide on energy intake, #food preference, #appetite, control of eating and body #weight in subjects with type 2 #diabetes

Aims To evaluate the effect of oral semaglutide on energy intake and appetite in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Materials and methods In this randomised, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled, two‐period cross‐over trial, 15 subjects with T2D received 12 weeks’ treatment with once‐daily oral semaglutide (4‐week dose‐escalation from 3 to 7 to 14 mg) followed by placebo, or vice versa. Energy intake was measured during an ad … Continue reading Effects of oral #semaglutide on energy intake, #food preference, #appetite, control of eating and body #weight in subjects with type 2 #diabetes

Acute social #isolation evokes midbrain craving responses similar to #hunger

When people are forced to be isolated from each other, do they crave social interactions? To address this question, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure neural responses evoked by food and social cues after participants (n = 40) experienced 10 h of mandated fasting or total social isolation. After isolation, people felt lonely and craved social interaction. Midbrain regions showed selective activation to food cues after … Continue reading Acute social #isolation evokes midbrain craving responses similar to #hunger

Cynical #hostility relates to a lack of habituation of the #cardiovascular response to repeated acute stress

Hostility is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Heightened cardiovascular reactivity to psychological stress has been proposed as a potential mechanism. Recent work has emphasized a need to measure cardiovascular reactivity across multiple stress exposures to assess potential habituation over time. The aims of the current study were (a) to examine the relationship between each of the three main components of hostility (i.e., emotional, … Continue reading Cynical #hostility relates to a lack of habituation of the #cardiovascular response to repeated acute stress

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Presentation and Outcomes for Patients Hospitalized with #COVID-19: Findings from the American Heart Association’s COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed longstanding racial/ethnic inequities in health risks and outcomes in the U.S.. We sought to identify racial/ethnic differences in presentation and outcomes for patients hospitalized with COVID-19.. ..Among 7,868 patients hospitalized with COVID-19, 33.0% were Hispanic, 25.5% were non-Hispanic Black, 6.3% were Asian, and 35.2% were non-Hispanic White. Hispanic and Black patients were younger than non-Hispanic White and Asian patients and … Continue reading Racial and Ethnic Differences in Presentation and Outcomes for Patients Hospitalized with #COVID-19: Findings from the American Heart Association’s COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry

Development of a #hypoglycaemia risk score to identify high‐risk individuals with advanced type 2 diabetes in DEVOTE

The ability to differentiate patient populations with type 2 diabetes at high risk of severe hypoglycaemia could impact clinical decision making. The aim of this study was to develop a risk score, using patient characteristics, that could differentiate between populations with higher and lower 2‐year risk of severe hypoglycaemia among individuals at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Two models were developed for the risk score … Continue reading Development of a #hypoglycaemia risk score to identify high‐risk individuals with advanced type 2 diabetes in DEVOTE

#Mediterranean diet, #stress resilience, and aging in nonhuman primates

Persistent psychological stress increases the risk of many chronic diseases of aging. Little progress has been made to effectively reduce stress responses or mitigate stress effects suggesting a need for better understanding of factors that influence stress responses. Limited evidence suggests that diet may be a factor in modifying the effects of stress. However, long-term studies of diet effects on stress reactive systems are not … Continue reading #Mediterranean diet, #stress resilience, and aging in nonhuman primates

Dietary Approaches to Stop #Hypertension Dietary Intervention Improves Blood Pressure and Vascular Health in Youth With Elevated Blood Pressure

This randomized control trial assessed the post-intervention and 18-month follow-up effects of a 6-month dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH)-focused behavioral nutrition intervention, initiated in clinic with subsequent telephone and mail contact, on blood pressure (BP) and endothelial function in adolescents with elevated BP. Adolescents (n=159) 11 to 18 years of age with newly diagnosed elevated BP or stage 1 hypertension treated at a hospital-based … Continue reading Dietary Approaches to Stop #Hypertension Dietary Intervention Improves Blood Pressure and Vascular Health in Youth With Elevated Blood Pressure

Risk Factor Control and #Cardiovascular Event Risk in People With Type 2 #Diabetes in Primary and Secondary Prevention Settings

To examine the association between the degree of risk factor control and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in type 2 diabetes and to assess if the presence of cardio-renal disease modifies these relationships. A retrospective cohort study using data from English practices from CPRD GOLD (Clinical Practice Research Datalink) and the SCI-Diabetes dataset (Scottish Care Information-Diabetes), with linkage to hospital and mortality data. We identified 101 749 … Continue reading Risk Factor Control and #Cardiovascular Event Risk in People With Type 2 #Diabetes in Primary and Secondary Prevention Settings

Individual and combined associations between cardiorespiratory #fitness and grip strength with common #mental disorders: a prospective cohort study in the UK Biobank

Depression and anxiety are common mental disorders that increase physical health risks and are leading causes of global disability. Several forms of physical fitness could be modifiable risk factors for common mental disorders in the population. We examined associations between individual and combined markers of cardiorespiratory fitness and grip strength with the incidence of common mental disorders.. Fully adjusted, longitudinal models indicated a dose-response relationship. … Continue reading Individual and combined associations between cardiorespiratory #fitness and grip strength with common #mental disorders: a prospective cohort study in the UK Biobank

JAK inhibition reduces #SARS-CoV-2 #liver infectivity and modulates inflammatory responses to reduce morbidity and mortality

Using AI we identified baricitinib as possessing anti-viral and anti-cytokine efficacy. We now show a 71% (95% CI 0.15-0.58) mortality benefit in 83 patients with moderate-severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia with few drug-induced adverse events, including a large elderly cohort (median age 81 years). A further 48 cases with mild-moderate pneumonia recovered uneventfully. Using organotypic 3D cultures of primary human liver cells, we demonstrate that interferon-alpha-2 (IFNα2) … Continue reading JAK inhibition reduces #SARS-CoV-2 #liver infectivity and modulates inflammatory responses to reduce morbidity and mortality

Cognitive impairment and #sedentary behavior predict health-related attrition in a prospective longitudinal #Parkinson’s disease study

In Parkinson’s disease (PD), the high burden of motor and non-motor symptoms, such as cognitive impairment or falls, is associated with rapid disease progression and mortality. This is often reflected by an increased drop-out rate of PD patients in longitudinal studies. Active physical behavior can impact the disease course beneficially and has an overall positive effect on health. Contrarily, sedentary behavior is associated with cognitive … Continue reading Cognitive impairment and #sedentary behavior predict health-related attrition in a prospective longitudinal #Parkinson’s disease study

Home #Oxygen Therapy for Adults with Chronic #Lung Disease. An Official American Thoracic Society Clinical Practice Guideline

Evidence-based guidelines are needed for effective delivery of home oxygen therapy to appropriate patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods: The multidisciplinary panel created six research questions using a modified Delphi approach. A systematic review of the literature was completed, and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach was used to formulate clinical recommendations. Recommendations: The panel … Continue reading Home #Oxygen Therapy for Adults with Chronic #Lung Disease. An Official American Thoracic Society Clinical Practice Guideline