Five-Year Outcomes after PCI or CABG for Left Main Coronary Disease

..In the PCI and CABG groups, the incidences of definite cardiovascular death (5.0% and 4.5%, respectively; difference, 0.5 percentage points; 95% CI, −1.4 to 2.5) and myocardial infarction (10.6% and 9.1%; difference, 1.4 percentage points; 95% CI, −1.3 to 4.2) were not significantly different. All cerebrovascular events were less frequent after PCI than after CABG (3.3% vs. 5.2%; difference, −1.9 percentage points; 95% CI, −3.8 to 0), although the incidence of stroke was not significantly different between the two groups (2.9% and 3.7%; difference, −0.8 percentage points; 95% CI, −2.4 to 0.9). Ischemia-driven revascularization was more frequent after PCI than after CABG (16.9% vs. 10.0%; difference, 6.9 percentage points; 95% CI, 3.7 to 10.0).

CONCLUSIONS
In patients with left main coronary artery disease of low or intermediate anatomical complexity, there was no significant difference between PCI and CABG with respect to the rate of the composite outcome of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction at 5 years.

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1909406