The global epidemiology of #hypertension

Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and premature death worldwide. Owing to the widespread use of antihypertensive medications, global mean blood pressure (BP) has remained constant or has decreased slightly over the past four decades. By contrast, the prevalence of hypertension has increased, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Estimates suggest that 31.1% of adults (1.39 billion) worldwide had hypertension in 2010. … Continue reading The global epidemiology of #hypertension

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Association between circulating #vascular-related microRNAs and an increase in blood #pressure: a 5-year longitudinal population-based study

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression and play essential roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Previous cross-sectional studies showed that the levels of several circulating miRNA are associated with hypertension, but there are no prospective longitudinal studies using a general population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of circulating vascular-related miRNA (miR-126, miR-221, and miR-222) on … Continue reading Association between circulating #vascular-related microRNAs and an increase in blood #pressure: a 5-year longitudinal population-based study

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Blood #Pressure Changes in 1610 Subjects With and Without Antihypertensive Medication During Long‐Term #Fasting

We investigated daily blood pressure (BP) changes during fasting periods ranging from 4 to 41 (10.0±3.8) days in a cohort of 1610 subjects, including 920 normotensive, 313 hypertensive nonmedicated, and 377 hypertensive medicated individuals. Methods and Results Subjects underwent a multidisciplinary fasting program with a daily intake of ≈250 kcal. Weight and stress scores decreased during fasting, and the well‐being index increased, documenting a good … Continue reading Blood #Pressure Changes in 1610 Subjects With and Without Antihypertensive Medication During Long‐Term #Fasting

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#Walking Volume and Speed Are Inversely Associated With Incidence of Treated #Hypertension in #Postmenopausal Women

Few studies have evaluated hypertension incidence in relation to walking, which is a common physical activity among adults. We examined the association between walking and hypertension incidence in 83 435 postmenopausal women who at baseline were aged 50 to 79 years, without known hypertension, heart failure, coronary heart disease, or stroke, and reported the ability to walk at least one block without assistance. Walking volume (metabolic … Continue reading #Walking Volume and Speed Are Inversely Associated With Incidence of Treated #Hypertension in #Postmenopausal Women

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Dietary Approaches to Stop #Hypertension Dietary Intervention Improves Blood Pressure and Vascular Health in Youth With Elevated Blood Pressure

This randomized control trial assessed the post-intervention and 18-month follow-up effects of a 6-month dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH)-focused behavioral nutrition intervention, initiated in clinic with subsequent telephone and mail contact, on blood pressure (BP) and endothelial function in adolescents with elevated BP. Adolescents (n=159) 11 to 18 years of age with newly diagnosed elevated BP or stage 1 hypertension treated at a hospital-based … Continue reading Dietary Approaches to Stop #Hypertension Dietary Intervention Improves Blood Pressure and Vascular Health in Youth With Elevated Blood Pressure

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Polypill with or without Aspirin in Persons without #Cardiovascular Disease

..Using a 2-by-2-by-2 factorial design, we randomly assigned participants without cardiovascular disease who had an elevated INTERHEART Risk Score to receive a polypill (containing 40 mg of simvastatin, 100 mg of atenolol, 25 mg of hydrochlorothiazide, and 10 mg of ramipril) or placebo daily, aspirin (75 mg) or placebo daily, and vitamin D or placebo monthly. We report here the outcomes for the polypill alone … Continue reading Polypill with or without Aspirin in Persons without #Cardiovascular Disease

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#Smoking Cessation, #Weight Change, #Diabetes, and #Hypertension in Korean Adult

This study investigates the association of smoking cessation and postcessation weight gain with the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Methods A total of 96,524 individuals without diabetes mellitus and hypertension aged ≥20 years between 2006 and 2008 were included, with follow-up until December 31, 2015. Smoking status and weight changes were monitored for 2 years. Hazard ratios and 95% CIs were calculated … Continue reading #Smoking Cessation, #Weight Change, #Diabetes, and #Hypertension in Korean Adult

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#Empagliflozin treatment effects across categories of baseline #HbA1c, body #weight and blood #pressure as an add‐on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes

In EMPA‐REG MET, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on stable background metformin (≥1500 mg/day), empagliflozin versus placebo significantly improved glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), body weight (BW), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) over 24 and ≤76 weeks. This analysis investigated empagliflozin treatment effects by baseline cardio‐metabolic factors.. ..In total, 637 patients (56.7% males; mean [SD] age 55.7 [9.9] years, HbA1c 7.9 [0.9] %, BW 81.2 … Continue reading #Empagliflozin treatment effects across categories of baseline #HbA1c, body #weight and blood #pressure as an add‐on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes

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Genetic and Environmental Influences on Blood #Pressure and Body #Mass Index in the National Academy of Sciences–National Research Council World War II Veteran Twin Registry

Blood pressure (BP) and obesity phenotypes may covary due to shared genetic or environmental factors or both. Furthermore, it is possible that the heritability of BP differs according to obesity status—a form of G×E interaction. This hypothesis has never been tested in White twins. The present study included 15 924 White male twin pairs aged between 15 and 33 years from the National Academy of Sciences–National … Continue reading Genetic and Environmental Influences on Blood #Pressure and Body #Mass Index in the National Academy of Sciences–National Research Council World War II Veteran Twin Registry

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Association of #Hypertension With the Risk and Severity of #Epistaxis

..Among the 35 749 patients in the hypertension cohort (20 579 men [57.6%]; median age, 52 years [interquartile range, 45-62 years]) the incidence rate (IR) of epistaxis was 32.97 per 10 000 persons (95% CI, 30.57-35.51 per 10 000 persons); among the 35 749 individuals in the comparison cohort (20 910 men [58.5%]; median age, 52 years [interquartile range, 45-62 years]), the IR of epistaxis was 22.76 per 10 000 persons (95% … Continue reading Association of #Hypertension With the Risk and Severity of #Epistaxis

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Associations of #Sleep Disordered #Breathing and Insomnia with Incident #Hypertension and #Diabetes: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Rationale: Sleep disorders are associated with hypertension and diabetes, primary risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and mortality. It is important to understand these associations in Hispanics/Latinos, in whom cardiovascular death is the leading cause of mortality. Objectives: To investigate the prospective associations of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and insomnia with incident hypertension and diabetes among US Hispanics/Latinos over 6 years of follow-up and to assess … Continue reading Associations of #Sleep Disordered #Breathing and Insomnia with Incident #Hypertension and #Diabetes: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

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Association Between the Gut #Microbiota and Blood #Pressure in a Population Cohort of 6953 Individuals

Several small‐scale animal studies have suggested that gut microbiota and blood pressure (BP) are linked. However, results from human studies remain scarce and conflicting. We wanted to elucidate the multivariable‐adjusted association between gut metagenome and BP in a large, representative, well‐phenotyped population sample. We performed a focused analysis to examine the previously reported inverse associations between sodium intake and Lactobacillus abundance and between Lactobacillus abundance … Continue reading Association Between the Gut #Microbiota and Blood #Pressure in a Population Cohort of 6953 Individuals

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