Association of Childhood #Psychosocial Environment With 30‐Year #Cardiovascular Disease Incidence and Mortality in Middle Age

Childhood adversity and trauma have been shown to be associated with poorer cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes in adulthood. However, longitudinal studies of this association are rare.. ..Participants (n=3646) completed the Childhood Family Environment (CFE) questionnaire at the year 15 (2000–2001) CARDIA examination and were grouped by high, moderate, or low relative CFE adversity scores.. ..Participants were 25.1±3.6 years old, 47% black, and 56% female at … Continue reading Association of Childhood #Psychosocial Environment With 30‐Year #Cardiovascular Disease Incidence and Mortality in Middle Age

#Olive Oil Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk in U.S. Adults

Olive oil intake has been associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Mediterranean populations, but little is known about these associations in the U.S population.. ..During 24 years of follow-up, this study documented 9,797 incident cases of CVD, including 6,034 CHD cases and 3,802 stroke cases. After adjusting for major diet and lifestyle factors, compared with nonconsumers, those with higher olive oil intake … Continue reading #Olive Oil Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk in U.S. Adults

Effect of Smartphone-Enabled #Health Monitoring Devices vs Regular Follow-up on Blood Pressure Control Among Patients After Myocardial #Infarction

..For patients randomized to regular care, 4 physical outpatient clinic visits were scheduled in the year following the initial event. In the intervention group, patients were given 4 smartphone-compatible devices (weight scale, BP monitor, rhythm monitor, and step counter). In addition, 2 in-person outpatient clinic visits were replaced by electronic visits ..In total, 200 patients (median age, 59.7 years [interquartile range, 52.9-65.6 years]; 156 men … Continue reading Effect of Smartphone-Enabled #Health Monitoring Devices vs Regular Follow-up on Blood Pressure Control Among Patients After Myocardial #Infarction

Short-Term Progression of Multiterritorial Subclinical #Atherosclerosis

..Imaging detected short-term (3-year) atherosclerosis progression in 41.5% of participants (26.4% by 2DVUS, 21.3% by 3DVUS, and 11.5% by CACS), particularly in peripheral territories examined by vascular ultrasound. New atherosclerosis onset accounted for approximately one-third of total progression, also more frequently by 2DVUS and 3DVUS (29.1% and 16.6%, respectively), than by CACS (2.9%). Participants with baseline disease by all 3 modalities (n = 432) also … Continue reading Short-Term Progression of Multiterritorial Subclinical #Atherosclerosis

Cardiac #Autoimmunity Is Associated With Subclinical Myocardial Dysfunction in Patients With Type 1 #Diabetes Mellitus

The existence of a diabetic cardiomyopathy has been postulated to explain the increased risk of heart failure (HF) in patients with diabetes mellitus; however, whether mechanisms specific to type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) affect the myocardium is unclear. We have recently shown that poor glycemic control in patients with T1DM followed in the DCCT (Diabetes Control and Complications Trial), but not in patients with type … Continue reading Cardiac #Autoimmunity Is Associated With Subclinical Myocardial Dysfunction in Patients With Type 1 #Diabetes Mellitus

Potential Effects of #Coronaviruses on the #Cardiovascular System

Coronavirus disease 2019 can cause a viral pneumonia with additional extrapulmonary manifestations and complications. A large proportion of patients have underlying cardiovascular disease and/or cardiac risk factors. Factors associated with mortality include male sex, advanced age, and presence of comorbidities including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and cerebrovascular diseases. Acute cardiac injury determined by elevated high-sensitivity troponin levels is commonly observed in severe cases and … Continue reading Potential Effects of #Coronaviruses on the #Cardiovascular System

Blood #pressure in frail older adults: associations with #cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality

Blood pressure (BP) management in frail older people is challenging. An randomised controlled trial of largely non-frail older people found cardiovascular and mortality benefit with systolic (S) BP target <120 mmHg. However, all-cause mortality by attained BP in routine care in frail adults aged above 75 is unclear.. ..Risks of cardiovascular outcomes increased with SBPs >150 mmHg. Associations with mortality varied between non-frail <85 and … Continue reading Blood #pressure in frail older adults: associations with #cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality

Olive Oil Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk in U.S. Adults

Olive oil intake has been associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Mediterranean populations, but little is known about these associations in the U.S population. ..During 24 years of follow-up, we documented 9,797 incident cases of CVD, including 6,034 CHD cases and 3,802 stroke cases. After adjusting for major diet and lifestyle factors, compared with non-consumers, those with higher olive oil intake (>1/2 … Continue reading Olive Oil Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk in U.S. Adults

#Beverage Consumption and Longitudinal Changes in Lipoprotein Concentrations and Incident #Dyslipidemia in US Adults: The Framingham Heart Study

Limited data are available on the prospective relationship between beverage consumption and plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations. Two major sources of sugar in the US diet are sugar‐sweetened beverages (SSBs) and 100% fruit juices. Low‐calorie sweetened beverages are common replacements.. ..We found that regular (>1 serving per day) versus low (<1 serving per month) SSB consumption was associated with a greater mean decrease in high‐density … Continue reading #Beverage Consumption and Longitudinal Changes in Lipoprotein Concentrations and Incident #Dyslipidemia in US Adults: The Framingham Heart Study

Total #Sitting Time and Sitting Pattern in Postmenopausal Women Differ by Hispanic Ethnicity and are Associated With #Cardiometabolic Risk Biomarkers

Sedentary behavior is pervasive, especially in older adults, and is associated with cardiometabolic disease and mortality. Relationships between cardiometabolic biomarkers and sitting time are unexplored in older women, as are possible ethnic differences.. ..Hispanic women sat, on average, 50.3 minutes less/day than non‐Hispanic women (P<0.001) and had shorter (3.6 minutes less, P=0.02) mean sitting bout duration. Among all women, longer total sitting time was deleteriously … Continue reading Total #Sitting Time and Sitting Pattern in Postmenopausal Women Differ by Hispanic Ethnicity and are Associated With #Cardiometabolic Risk Biomarkers

Clinical Implications of the New York Heart Association Classification

The New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification has served as a fundamental tool for risk stratification of heart failure (HF) and determines clinical trial eligibility and candidacy for drugs and devices. However, its ability to adequately stratify risk is unclear.. Cumulative mortality varied significantly across NYHA classes and HF clinical trials (likelihood ratio, P<0.001). Mortality at 20 months for NYHA class II ranged from 7% … Continue reading Clinical Implications of the New York Heart Association Classification

The intestinal #microbiota and #cardiovascular disease

The intestinal microbiota of human hosts is the community of microorganisms living in the small and, mainly, the large intestine of humans. This microbial ecosystem has co-evolved with humans across the millennia, has come to play an important interactive role in human physiology and has been aptly called our forgotten organ. Significant properties of the microbiota benefiting its host include energy harvest from food sources … Continue reading The intestinal #microbiota and #cardiovascular disease