Association of spontaneous #abortion with all cause and cause specific premature #mortality: prospective cohort study

To investigate the association of spontaneous abortion with the risk of all cause and cause specific premature mortality (death before the age of 70). Design Prospective cohort study. Setting The Nurses’ Health Study II (1993-2017), United States. Participants 101 681 ever gravid female nurses participating in the Nurses’ Health Study II. Main outcomes measures Lifetime occurrence of spontaneous abortion in pregnancies lasting less than 6 months, … Continue reading Association of spontaneous #abortion with all cause and cause specific premature #mortality: prospective cohort study

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Sex Differences in the Association of Body Composition and #Cardiovascular Mortality

To determine whether differences in body composition contribute to sex differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, we investigated the relationship between components of body composition and CVD mortality in healthy men and women. Methods and Results Dual energy x‐ray absorptiometry body composition data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2004 and CVD mortality data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2014 … Continue reading Sex Differences in the Association of Body Composition and #Cardiovascular Mortality

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Risk for recurrent #cardiovascular disease events among patients with #diabetes and chronic kidney disease

Adults who have experienced multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) events have a very high risk for additional events. Diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are each associated with an increased risk for recurrent CVD events following a myocardial infarction (MI). Methods We compared the risk for recurrent CVD events among US adults with health insurance who were hospitalized for an MI between 2014 and 2017 and … Continue reading Risk for recurrent #cardiovascular disease events among patients with #diabetes and chronic kidney disease

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Risk of #Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Relation to #Depression and 14 Common Risk Factors

Depression has been linked to a worse prognosis of Cardiovascular disease (CVD), and these two diseases share a variety of common risk factors such as unhealthy lifestyles and chronic medical conditions. However, the potential role of these common risk factors in modulating the association between depression and CVD mortality and whether the co-occurrence of depression and a specific common risk factor has a cumulative impact … Continue reading Risk of #Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Relation to #Depression and 14 Common Risk Factors

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#Fried-food consumption and risk of #cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis of observational studies

We performed a meta-analysis, including dose–response analysis, to quantitatively determine the association of fried-food consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in the general adult population.. ..In comparing the highest with lowest fried-food intake, summary RRs (95% CIs) were 1.28 (1.15 to 1.43; n=17, I2=82.0%) for major cardiovascular events (prospective: 1.24 (1.12 to 1.38), n=13, I2=75.7%; case–control: 1.91 (1.15 to 3.17), n=4, I2=92.1%); … Continue reading #Fried-food consumption and risk of #cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis of observational studies

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Five‐Year Risk of Acute #Myocardial Infarction After Acute Ischemic #Stroke in Korea

The long‐term incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) has not been well defined in large cohort studies of various race‐ethnic groups. A prospective cohort of patients with AIS who were registered in a multicenter nationwide stroke registry (CRCS‐K [Clinical Research Collaboration for Stroke in Korea] registry) was followed up for the occurrence of AMI through a linkage with … Continue reading Five‐Year Risk of Acute #Myocardial Infarction After Acute Ischemic #Stroke in Korea

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#Glucosamine #Chondroitin and Mortality in a US NHANES Cohort

Background: Limited previous studies in the United Kingdom or a single US state have demonstrated an association between intake of glucosamine/chondroitin and mortality. This study sought to investigate the association between regular consumption of glucosamine/chondroitin and overall and cardiovascular (CVD) mortality in a national sample of US adults. Methods: Combined data from 16,686 participants in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999 to 2010, merged … Continue reading #Glucosamine #Chondroitin and Mortality in a US NHANES Cohort

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Prognostic value of #electrocardiographic abnormalities in adults from the Brazilian longitudinal study of adults’ health

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are highly preventable non-communicable diseases. ECG is a potential tool for risk stratification with respect to CVD. Our aim was to evaluate ECG’s role in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality prediction. Methods Participants from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health, free of known CVD at baseline were included. A 12-lead ECG was obtained at baseline (2008–2010). Participants were followed up to 2018 … Continue reading Prognostic value of #electrocardiographic abnormalities in adults from the Brazilian longitudinal study of adults’ health

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Association between Pre-Existing #Coronary Artery Disease and 5-Year Mortality in #Stroke Patients with High-Grade Carotid Artery Stenosis

The coincidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and carotid artery stenosis (CAS) was observed. However, the association between pre-existing CAD and ischemic stroke (IS) outcome in patients with high-grade CAS remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between pre-existing CAD and outcomes of acute IS patients with high-grade CAS. Methods: From January 1, 2007, to April 30, 2012, we enrolled 372 acute IS patients … Continue reading Association between Pre-Existing #Coronary Artery Disease and 5-Year Mortality in #Stroke Patients with High-Grade Carotid Artery Stenosis

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#Cardiovascular health metrics from mid- to late-life and risk of #dementia: A population-based cohort study in Finland

Very few studies have explored the patterns of cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics in midlife and late life in relation to risk of dementia. We examined the associations of composite CVH metrics from midlife to late life with risk of incident dementia. This cohort study included 1,449 participants from the Finnish Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging, and Dementia (CAIDE) study, who were followed from midlife (baseline from1972 … Continue reading #Cardiovascular health metrics from mid- to late-life and risk of #dementia: A population-based cohort study in Finland

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Elevated #Coronary Artery Calcium scores are associated with #tooth loss

This study explores the association between Coronary Artery Calcium (CAC) scores and dental pathology such as missing teeth, the (peri-apical) health status and restoration grade of the teeth, and the grade of alveolar bone loss seen on a dental panoramic radiograph (Orthopantomograph–OPG).. ..212 patients were included. We found a statistically significant association between the number of missing teeth and the CAC score. When modeling age, … Continue reading Elevated #Coronary Artery Calcium scores are associated with #tooth loss

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Association Between #Depressive Symptoms and Incident #Cardiovascular Diseases

It is uncertain whether depressive symptoms are independently associated with subsequent risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).. ..Primary outcomes were incident fatal or nonfatal coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and CVD (composite of the 2). Hazard ratios (HRs) per 1-SD higher log CES-D or PHQ-2 adjusted for age, sex, smoking, and diabetes were reported. Results Among 162 036 participants from the ERFC (73%, women; mean age at … Continue reading Association Between #Depressive Symptoms and Incident #Cardiovascular Diseases

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