Sustained Effects of Different Exercise Modalities on Physical and Mental Health in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Twelve-week high-intensity interval training (HIIT), moderate-to-vigorousintensity continuous training (MICT), and Nordic walking (NW) have been shown to improve functional capacity, quality of life (QoL), and depression symptoms in patients with coronary artery disease. However, their prolonged effects or whether the improvements can be sustained remains unknown. In this study we compared the effects of 12 …

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A multi-population phenome-wide association study of genetically-predicted height in the Million Veteran Program

Height has been associated with many clinical traits but whether such associations are causal versus secondary to confounding remains unclear in many cases. To systematically examine this question, we performed a Mendelian Randomization-Phenome-wide association study (MR-PheWAS) using clinical and genetic data from a national healthcare system biobank. Methods and findingsAnalyses were performed using data from …

Continue reading A multi-population phenome-wide association study of genetically-predicted height in the Million Veteran Program

Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease Mortality in Asian American Subgroups

Background:Asian American individuals comprise the fastest-growing race and ethnic group in the United States. Certain subgroups may be at disproportionately high cardiovascular risk. This analysis aimed to identify cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease mortality trends in Asian American subgroups. Methods:Age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR), average annual percent change of ASMR calculated by regression, and proportional mortality ratios …

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Supper Timing and Cardiovascular Mortality: The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study

Evidence on the role of supper timing in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is limited. In this study, we examined the associations between supper timing and risks of mortality from stroke, coronary heart disease (CHD), and total CVD. A total of 28,625 males and 43,213 females, aged 40 to 79 years, free from CVD …

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Cannabinoid receptor 1 antagonist genistein attenuates marijuana-induced vascular inflammation

Epidemiological studies reveal that marijuana increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, little is known about the mechanism. Ξ”9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Ξ”9-THC), the psychoactive component of marijuana, binds to cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1/CNR1) in the vasculature and is implicated in CVD. A UK Biobank analysis found that cannabis was an risk factor for CVD. We found …

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