#Alcohol, Alcoholic Beverages and Risk of #Esophageal Cancer by Histological Type: A Dose–Response Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

We conducted a dose–response meta-analysis to explore the association between alcohol and particular alcoholic beverages with risk of esophageal cancer (EC) by histological type [esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC)] and whether the association differs according to gender.. A total of 74 published articles involving 31,105 cases among 3,369,024 participants were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled RRs of the highest versus … Continue reading #Alcohol, Alcoholic Beverages and Risk of #Esophageal Cancer by Histological Type: A Dose–Response Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

p53 is regulated by aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells by the CtBP family of NADH-dependent transcriptional regulators

High rates of glycolysis in cancer cells are a well-established characteristic of many human tumors, providing rapidly proliferating cancer cells with metabolites that can be used as precursors for anabolic pathways. Maintenance of high glycolytic rates depends on the lactate dehydrogenase–catalyzed regeneration of NAD+ from GAPDH-generated NADH because an increased NADH:NAD+ ratio inhibits GAPDH. Here, using human breast cancer cell models, we identified a pathway … Continue reading p53 is regulated by aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells by the CtBP family of NADH-dependent transcriptional regulators

Fine Particulate Matter Air #Pollution and Mortality among Pediatric, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancer Patients

Air pollution is a carcinogen and causes pulmonary and cardiac complications. We examined the association of fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) and mortality from cancer and all causes among pediatric, adolescent, and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer in Utah, a state with considerable variation in PM2.5.. ..Increases in PM2.5 per 5 μg/m3 were associated with cancer mortality in pediatric lymphomas and central nervous system … Continue reading Fine Particulate Matter Air #Pollution and Mortality among Pediatric, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancer Patients

Chronic #obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer incidence in never smokers: a cohort study

There has been limited evidence for the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the incidence of lung cancer among never smokers. We aimed to estimate the risk of lung cancer incidence in never smokers with COPD, and to compare it with the risk associated with smoking. This cohort study involved 338 548 subjects, 40 to 84 years of age with no history of lung … Continue reading Chronic #obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer incidence in never smokers: a cohort study

Prevalence, Incidence, and Risk of Cancer in Patients With #Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

..There was an increased risk of several cancers, including keratinocyte cancer (RR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.73-3.01), lymphomas (RR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.37-1.78), lung cancer (RR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.13-1.40), and bladder cancer (RR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.04-1.19). No increased risk of cancer for patients with psoriasis treated with biologic agents was found (RR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.85-1.10). Psoriatic arthritis was not associated with increased risk … Continue reading Prevalence, Incidence, and Risk of Cancer in Patients With #Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

#Curcumin and #Cancer

Curcumin, a polyphenol extracted from Curcuma longa in 1815, has gained attention from scientists worldwide for its biological activities (e.g., antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral), among which its anticancer potential has been the most described and still remains under investigation. The present review focuses on the cell signaling pathways involved in cancer development and proliferation, and which are targeted by curcumin. Curcumin has been reported to … Continue reading #Curcumin and #Cancer

Prevalence and clinical implications of #sarcopenic obesity in patients with solid tumours of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts: a population-based study

Emerging evidence on body composition suggests that sarcopenic obesity (obesity with depleted muscle mass) might be predictive of morbidity and mortality in non-malignant disease and also of toxicity to chemotherapy.. ..Available lumbar CT images of the obese patients were analysed for total skeletal muscle cross-sectional area; these values were also used to estimate total body fat-free mass (FFM).. ..Sarcopenic obesity was associated with poorer functional … Continue reading Prevalence and clinical implications of #sarcopenic obesity in patients with solid tumours of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts: a population-based study

Healthy #lifestyle and life #expectancy free of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study

..Five low risk lifestyle factors: never smoking, body mass index 18.5-24.9, moderate to vigorous physical activity (≥30 minutes/day), moderate alcohol intake (women: 5-15 g/day; men 5-30 g/day), and a higher diet quality score (upper 40%). .. The life expectancy free of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer at age 50 was 23.7 years (95% confidence interval 22.6 to 24.7) for women who adopted no low risk … Continue reading Healthy #lifestyle and life #expectancy free of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study

Amount and Intensity of Leisure-Time #Physical Activity and Lower #Cancer Risk

To determine whether recommended amounts of leisure-time physical activity (ie, 7.5-15 metabolic equivalent task [MET] hours/week) are associated with lower cancer risk.. ..Engagement in recommended amounts of activity (7.5-15 MET hours/week) was associated with a statistically significant lower risk of 7 of the 15 cancer types studied, including colon (8%-14% lower risk in men), breast (6%-10% lower risk), endometrial (10%-18% lower risk), kidney (11%-17% lower … Continue reading Amount and Intensity of Leisure-Time #Physical Activity and Lower #Cancer Risk

Precipitation and #Climate Zone Explains the Geographical Disparity in the Invasive #Cancer Incidence Rates in the United States

Environmental factors such as ultraviolet radiation and pollution have been known to influence the incidence rate of cancer. However, these factors do not explain the variation in incidence rates across the United States.. ..Precipitation and climate zone were included in each model along with demographic variables such as annual income, population by gender, race, and age—important control variables. Results indicate that in the United States, … Continue reading Precipitation and #Climate Zone Explains the Geographical Disparity in the Invasive #Cancer Incidence Rates in the United States

Is #running associated with a lower risk of all-cause, #cardiovascular and cancer #mortality, and is the more the better? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Fourteen studies from six prospective cohorts with a pooled sample of 232 149 participants were included. In total, 25 951 deaths were recorded during 5.5–35 year follow-ups. Our meta-analysis showed that running participation is associated with 27%, 30% and 23% lower risk of all-cause (pooled adjusted hazard ratio (HR)=0.73; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.68 to 0.79), cardiovascular (HR=0.70; 95% CI 0.49 to 0.98) and cancer (HR=0.77; 95% CI 0.68 to … Continue reading Is #running associated with a lower risk of all-cause, #cardiovascular and cancer #mortality, and is the more the better? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Interplay of Objective #sleep Duration and Cardiovascular and #Cerebrovascular Diseases on Cause‐Specific Mortality

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (CBVDs) and cancer are leading causes of death. Short sleep is a potential contributor to health; however, its role in predicting mortality associated with cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRs) and CBVD remains poorly understood.  CMR was defined as stage 2 hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus on the basis of blood pressure and glucose levels or a report of diagnosis or treatment for these conditions. CBVD was … Continue reading Interplay of Objective #sleep Duration and Cardiovascular and #Cerebrovascular Diseases on Cause‐Specific Mortality