Acute pulmonary #embolism in patients with obstructive #sleep apnea: frequency, hospital outcomes, and recurrence

The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the risk of acute pulmonary embolism (PE), hospital outcomes including mortality, and PE recurrence..

..Of 25,038 patients, 3,184 (13%) had OSA and 283 (1.1%) experienced PE. Frequency of PE in patients with and without OSA was 2.4% versus 0.9% (odds ratio [OR], 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9–3.3; P < .001). OSA was independently associated with increased risk of PE after adjusting for demographics and comorbidities (OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.07–1.9; P = .017). Adjusted hospital mortality was increased in patients with PE (OR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.7–4.9; P < .001) but not in patients with OSA (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.7–1.4, P = .92).

OSA was not a significant determining factor for mortality in patients who experienced a PE (OR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.1.1–2.78; P = .47), adjusting for demographics, PE severity, and Charlson comorbidity index. Adjusted risk of PE recurrence was greater in patients with OSA compared with patients without OSA (OR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.05–4.68; P < .04). The patients compliant with OSA therapy had a lower rate of PE recurrence (16% vs 32%; P = not significant).

CONCLUSIONS:Although OSA significantly increases risk of acute PE occurrence and recurrences, related hospital mortality was not greater in patients with OSA compared with those without OSA. OSA therapy might have a modifying effect on PE recurrence.