Nocturnal #Arrhythmias and Heart‐Rate Swings in Patients With Obstructive Sleep #Apnea Syndrome Treated With Beta Blockers

The higher cardiovascular variability and the increased prevalence of arrhythmias in patients with obstructive sleep apneas may contribute to their higher rate of fatal events during sleep. In this regard, the use of beta blockers (BB) is debated because they may induce bradyarrhythmias and alter the pattern of heart rate changes induced by apneas. Thus, the aim of our study is to quantify peri‐apneic heart‐rate … Continue reading Nocturnal #Arrhythmias and Heart‐Rate Swings in Patients With Obstructive Sleep #Apnea Syndrome Treated With Beta Blockers

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Effect of Multilevel Upper Airway Surgery vs Medical Management on the Apnea-Hypopnea Index and Patient-Reported Daytime Sleepiness Among Patients With Moderate or Severe Obstructive #Sleep #Apnea

Many adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) use device treatments inadequately and remain untreated.. ..Among 102 participants who were randomized (mean [SD] age, 44.6 [12.8] years; 18 [18%] women), 91 (89%) completed the trial. The mean AHI was 47.9 at baseline and 20.8 at 6 months for the surgery group and 45.3 at baseline and 34.5 at 6 months for the medical management group (mean … Continue reading Effect of Multilevel Upper Airway Surgery vs Medical Management on the Apnea-Hypopnea Index and Patient-Reported Daytime Sleepiness Among Patients With Moderate or Severe Obstructive #Sleep #Apnea

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Sex-specific associations between #erythrocyte measures and obstructive #sleep apnea

STUDY OBJECTIVES:Hypoxemic effects of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been implicated in changes in erythropoiesis and hence erythrocyte measures. Sex differences are evident in both OSA and erythropoiesis. Whether sex modulates the relationship between severity of OSA and erythrocyte measures has not previously been studied.. ..RESULTS:In multiple regression models, we found significant interactions between sex and oxygen desaturation index and apnea-hypopnea index on erythrocyte measures. … Continue reading Sex-specific associations between #erythrocyte measures and obstructive #sleep apnea

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Acute pulmonary #embolism in patients with obstructive #sleep apnea: frequency, hospital outcomes, and recurrence

The objectives of this study were to assess the effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the risk of acute pulmonary embolism (PE), hospital outcomes including mortality, and PE recurrence.. ..Of 25,038 patients, 3,184 (13%) had OSA and 283 (1.1%) experienced PE. Frequency of PE in patients with and without OSA was 2.4% versus 0.9% (odds ratio [OR], 2.51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9–3.3; P … Continue reading Acute pulmonary #embolism in patients with obstructive #sleep apnea: frequency, hospital outcomes, and recurrence

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Association of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Nighttime Blood Pressure in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), nocturnal hypertension, and non-dipping systolic blood pressure (BP) are each highly prevalent among African Americans. However, few data are available on the association between OSA and nighttime BP in this population.. ..Among 206 participants who completed ABPM and participated in the Jackson Heart Sleep Study, 50.5% had nocturnal hypertension and 26.2% had moderate to severe OSA (REI4% ≥15 events/hour). After multivariable … Continue reading Association of Obstructive Sleep Apnea with Nighttime Blood Pressure in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study

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A Screening Algorithm for Obstructive Sleep #Apnea in #Pregnancy

Obstructive sleep apnea (#OSA) is common in pregnancy and associated with maternal and fetal complications. Early detection of OSA may have important implications for maternal-fetal well-being. A screening tool combining several methods of assessment may better predict OSA among pregnant women compared with tools that rely solely on self-reported information.. Participants’ mean age was 27.4 ± 7.0 years. The prevalence of OSA during the first and third … Continue reading A Screening Algorithm for Obstructive Sleep #Apnea in #Pregnancy

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