Open Access Oral #glucocorticoids and incidence of #hypertension in people with chronic inflammatory diseases: a population-based cohort study

..Among 71 642 patients in the cohort, 24 896 (34.8%) developed hypertension during a median follow-up of 6.6 years. The incidence rate of hypertension was 46.7 (95% confidence interval [CI] 46.0–47.3) per 1000 person-years. Incidence rates increased with higher cumulative glucocorticoid prednisolone-equivalent dose, from 44.4 per 1000 person-years in periods of nonuse to 45.3 per 1000 person-years for periods with between > 0.0 and 959.9 mg (HR 1.14, 95% CI 1.09–1.19), to 49.3 per 1000 person-years for periods with 960–3054.9 mg (HR 1.20, 95% CI 1.14–1.27), and to 55.6 per 1000 person-years for periods with ≥ 3055 mg (HR 1.30, 95% CI 1.25–1.35). Cumulative effects were seen for the 6 diseases studied, but dose–response effects were not found for daily dose.

INTERPRETATION: Cumulative dose of oral glucocorticoids was associated with increased incidence of hypertension, suggesting that blood pressure should be monitored closely in patients routinely treated with these drugs. Given that glucocorticoids are widely prescribed, the associated health burden could be high