Metabolic Syndrome-Related Hyperuricemia is Associated with a Poorer Prognosis in Patients with Colorectal Cancer: A Multicenter Retrospective Study

Hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been shown to correlate with prognosis in patients with malignant tumors. The present study evaluated the relationship between preoperative hyperuricemia and MetS in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and analyzed the effect of this combination on prognosis within 5 years.

Patients and Methods: The study enrolled patients who had undergone radical CRC resection at three independent medical centers from January 2014 to December 2016. Patients were preoperatively categorized into four groups, those with hyperuricemia alone (H), those with MetS alone (MS), those with MetS-related hyperuricemia (MSH), and those with neither condition (control [C] group). The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of these four groups were compared.

Results: The study population consisted of 1271 patients, with 114, 201, 101, and 855 patients categorized into the H, MS, MSH and C groups, respectively. Preoperative MetS was found to be significantly associated with hyperuricemia (P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that MetS-related hyperuricemia (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.728; P < 0.001) and MetS alone (HR = 1.631; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of death, whereas simple hyperuricemia was not (P > 0.1). Relative to the C group, the MSH group had the highest rate of tumor recurrence or metastasis (HR = 5.103, P < 0.001), followed by the MS (HR = 2.231, P < 0.001) group. In contrast, prognosis did not differ significantly in the H and C groups (P > 0.1). MetS was significantly associated with poor prognosis, with MetS-related hyperuricemia resulting in a significantly poorer prognosis. In contrast, hyperuricemia alone had no effect on the long-term prognosis of CRC patients.

Conclusion: This study highlights the prognostic importance of MetS-related hyperuricemia on the survival of patients with CRC.