#Waist circumference as a vital sign in clinical practice: a Consensus Statement from the IAS and ICCR Working Group on Visceral #Obesity

Despite decades of unequivocal evidence that waist circumference provides both independent and additive information to BMI for predicting morbidity and risk of death, this measurement is not routinely obtained in clinical practice.. We argue that BMI alone is not sufficient to properly assess or manage the cardiometabolic risk associated with increased adiposity.. ..We recommend that decreases in waist circumference are a critically important treatment target … Continue reading #Waist circumference as a vital sign in clinical practice: a Consensus Statement from the IAS and ICCR Working Group on Visceral #Obesity

Direct Oral #Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation Patients with Concomitant #Hyperthyroidism

Patients with hyperthyroidism were excluded from randomized clinical trials of direct oral anticoagulants(DOACs) for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).. After PSSW, DOAC had a comparable risk of ischemic stroke/systemic embolism (IS/SE) and a lower risk of major bleeding (hazard ratio (HR):0.65; [95% confidential interval (CI):0.44-0.96]; P=0.0295) than warfarin among patients with hyperthyroidism. There were comparable risks of IS/SE and major bleeding … Continue reading Direct Oral #Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation Patients with Concomitant #Hyperthyroidism

#Ultraprocessed Food Consumption and Risk of Type 2 #Diabetes Among Participants of the NutriNet-Santé Prospective Cohort

Ultraprocessed foods (UPF) are widespread in Western diets. Their consumption has been associated in recent prospective studies with increased risks of all-cause mortality and chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and dyslipidemia; however, data regarding diabetes are lacking. ..Consumption of UPF was associated with a higher risk of T2D (multi-adjusted hazard ratio [HR] for an absolute increment of 10 in the percentage of … Continue reading #Ultraprocessed Food Consumption and Risk of Type 2 #Diabetes Among Participants of the NutriNet-Santé Prospective Cohort

Updating insights into #rosiglitazone and cardiovascular risk through shared data: individual patient and summary level meta-analyses

individual patient level data (IPD) ..The odds ratios for myocardial infarction, heart failure, cardiovascular related death, and non-cardiovascular related death were 1.17 (0.92 to 1.51), 1.54 (1.14 to 2.09), 1.15 (0.55 to 2.41), and 1.18 (0.60 to 2.30), respectively. For analyses including trials for which IPD were not available, odds ratios for myocardial infarction and cardiovascular related death were attenuated (1.09, 0.88 to 1.35, and … Continue reading Updating insights into #rosiglitazone and cardiovascular risk through shared data: individual patient and summary level meta-analyses

The Association between Popular #Diets and Serum #Testosterone among Men in the United States

..Mean ± SD serum testosterone was 435.5 ± 6.7 ng/dl. Mean testosterone was lower among men with a low fat diet (410.8 ± 8.1 vs 443.5 ± 7.3, p=0.005) and a Mediterranean diet (412.9 ± 9.1 vs 443.5 ± 7.3, p=0.002). Multivariable analysis controlling for age, body mass index, activity level, diabetes, comorbidities and prostate cancer showed that men with a nonrestrictive diet had higher … Continue reading The Association between Popular #Diets and Serum #Testosterone among Men in the United States

Assessing the Risk for #Gout With Sodium–Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study

Hyperuricemia is common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and is known to cause gout. Sodium–glucose cotransporter-2 (#SGLT2) inhibitors prevent glucose reabsorption and lower serum uric acid levels.. ..The gout incidence rate was lower among patients prescribed an SGLT2 inhibitor (4.9 events per 1000 person-years) than those prescribed a GLP1 agonist (7.8 events per 1000 person-years), with an HR of 0.64 (95% CI, 0.57 … Continue reading Assessing the Risk for #Gout With Sodium–Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study

Decreasing human body #temperature in the United States since the industrial revolution

In 1851, the German In 1851, the German physician Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich obtained millions of axillary temperatures from 25,000 patients in Leipzig, thereby establishing the standard for normal human body temperature of 37°C or 98.6 °F (range: 36.2–37.5°C [97.2- 99.5 °F]) (Mackowiak, 1997; Wunderlich and Sequin, 1871). A compilation of 27 modern studies, however (Sund-Levander et al., 2002), reported mean temperature to be uniformly … Continue reading Decreasing human body #temperature in the United States since the industrial revolution

Hepatic Lipoprotein Export and Remission of Human Type 2 #Diabetes after #Weight Loss

..Liver fat, VLDL1-triglyceride production, and intra-pancreatic fat decreased after weight loss and remained normalized after 24 months of remission. First-phase insulin response remained increased only in those maintaining diabetes remission. Compared with those in remission at 24 months, individuals who relapsed after initial remission had a greater rise in the content of VLDL1-triglyceride and VLDL1-palmitic acid, re-accumulated intra-pancreatic fat, and lost first-phase response by 24 … Continue reading Hepatic Lipoprotein Export and Remission of Human Type 2 #Diabetes after #Weight Loss

Does type 2 #diabetes confer higher relative rates of #cardiovascular events in women compared with men?

..calculate overall and age-dependent incidence rates, incidence rate ratios, and women-to-men ratios for myocardial infarction, heart failure, ischaemic stroke, or cardiovascular death (MACE-HF). Among 218 549 (46% women) individuals with diabetes, the absolute rate of MACE-HF was higher in men than in women (24.9 vs. 19.9 per 1000 person-years). Corresponding absolute rates in men and women without diabetes were 10.1 vs. 7.0 per 1000 person-years. … Continue reading Does type 2 #diabetes confer higher relative rates of #cardiovascular events in women compared with men?

The Effect of #Macronutrients on #Reproductive Hormones in Overweight and Obese Men: A Pilot Study

..Hypogonadal obese men find it difficult to lose weight. We investigated whether the modification of macronutrient intake can alter testosterone levels independently of the body mass index. Fasted overweight or obese fertile men were asked to consume meals of polyunsaturated fats (PUFA), monounsaturated fats (MUFA), refined carbohydrates (CHO, orange juice, OJ), whey and egg albumin and mixed meals of PUFA and CHO, PUFA and egg … Continue reading The Effect of #Macronutrients on #Reproductive Hormones in Overweight and Obese Men: A Pilot Study

#Glycated hemoglobin predicts #coronary artery disease in non-diabetic adults

..All patients underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) for evaluation of chest pain. The extent of coronary artery stenosis (CAS) was quantified as percentage for each patient based on plaques detected in CCTA. ..Mean blood pressure of the patients was (91.2 ± 11.9 mmHg), BMI (28.3 ± 5.8 kg/m2), serum cholesterol level (174 ± 33.1 mg/dl), and HbA1c levels (mean 5.7 ± 0.45, median 5.7 and range 4.7–6.4%). Eighteen patients showed no CAS (47.4%), 12 showed … Continue reading #Glycated hemoglobin predicts #coronary artery disease in non-diabetic adults