..Recent studies suggest that hormone replacement therapy (#HRT) is cardioprotective when initiated early after menopause, but the mechanisms involved are still unclear.
One-hundred and forty postmenopausal women <70 years were included in EVTET and randomized either to active treatment (one tablet of 2 mg estradiol and 1 mg norethisterone acetate daily) (n = 71) or placebo (n = 69).
Our study show that HRT compared to placebo significantly reduced plasma levels of Lp(a), ApoA1, ApoB, total cholesterol (TC), HDL-C, LDL-C, TC/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratio at 3 months. No effect was observed on ApoB/ApoA1 ratio or triglycerides. The change in Lp(a) was significantly and inversely correlated with the change in estradiol (r = −0.32; P = 0.001) and positively correlated to the change in lipids, tissue factor pathway inhibitor activity and antigen, protein C and fibrinogen (r between 0.26 and 0.45, p < 0.01).
In sum, this study confirms a strong effect of HRT on atherogenic lipids with a large reduction in the pro-thrombotic Lp(a), suggesting an overall favorable effect on thrombogenicity after HRT replacement therapy in post-menopausal women at risk of VT