Effect of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Inhibitors on the Rupture Risk Among Hypertensive Patients With Intracranial Aneurysms

Mounting experimental evidence supports the concept that the RAAS (renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system) is involved in the pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysm rupture. However, whether RAAS inhibitors could reduce the rupture risk of intracranial aneurysms remains unclear.

We performed a chart review of a multicenter, prospectively maintained database of 3044 hypertensive patients with intracranial aneurysms from 20 medical centers in China. The patients were separated into ruptured and unruptured groups. Univariable and multivariable logistical regression analyses were performed to determine the association between the use of RAAS inhibitors and the rupture risk. Sensitivity analyses and subgroup analyses were performed to verify the robustness of the results.

In multivariable analyses, female sex, passive smoking, uncontrolled, or unmonitored hypertension, use of over 2 antihypertensive medications, RAAS inhibitors use, antihyperglycemic agents use, hyperlipidemia, ischemic stroke, and aneurysmal location were independently associated with the rupture risk. The use of RAAS inhibitors was significantly associated with a reduced rupture risk compared with the use of non-RAAS inhibitors (odds ratio, 0.490 [95% CI, 0.402–0.597]; P=0.000). Compared with the use of non-RAAS inhibitors, the use of ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors (odds ratio, 0.559 [95% CI, 0.442–0.709]; P=0.000) and use of ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers; odds ratio, 0.414 [95% CI, 0.315–0.542]; P=0.000) were both significantly associated with a reduced rupture risk. The negative association of the rupture risk with RAAS inhibitors was consistent across 3 analyzed data and the predefined subgroups (including controlled hypertension).

The use of RAAS inhibitors was significantly associated with a decreased rupture risk independent of blood pressure control among hypertensive patients with intracranial aneurysms.