Risk Factors for Heart #Failure in the Community: Differences by Age and Ejection #Fraction

..the comorbidities with the largest attributable risk of heart failure were arrhythmia (48.7%), hypertension (28.4%), and coronary artery disease (33.9%); together these explained 73.0% of heart failure. Similar associations were observed for patients with reduced and preserved ejection fraction, with the exception of hypertension. The risk of heart failure attributable to hypertension was 2-fold higher in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (38.7%) than in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (17.8%). Hypertension, coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, and diabetes were more strongly associated with heart failure in younger (≤75 years) compared to older (>75 years) persons.

Conclusions
Patients with heart failure have a higher prevalence of many chronic conditions than controls. Similar associations were observed in patients with reduced and preserved ejection fraction, with the exception of hypertension, which was more strongly associated with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

Finally, some cardiometabolic risk factors were more strongly associated with heart failure in younger persons, highlighting the importance of optimizing prevention and treatment of risk factors and, in particular, cardiometabolic risk factors.

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