Impact of Inappropriate #Antibiotic Therapy in Vancomycin-Resistant #Enterococcus Bacteremia

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) bacteremia has significant morbidity and mortality. Empiric antibiotic regimens for treating patients with risk factors for multidrug-resistant organisms may not have medications directed at treating VRE..

..The inpatient, 30-day, and 1-year mortality rates from VRE bacteremia were 23%, 31%, and 59%, respectively. Only 19% patients were discharged home. Inappropriate antibiotics were prescribed in 19% patients. Appropriate antibiotics were prescribed in 81% patients (62% daptomycin and 37% linezolid); however, only 58% patients received appropriate antibiotics within 24 hours of the reported positive blood cultures.

The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates for patients treated with inappropriate antibiotics were 54% and 67% compared with 26% and 50%, respectively, for those treated with appropriate antibiotics. The median survival rate for patients treated with inappropriate antibiotics was 1 month (95% confidence interval: 0.0–1.0) compared with 11 months (95% confidence interval: 4.0–13.0) for those treated with appropriate antibiotics. The advanced patient age (median age 75 years vs. 63 years) was a significant risk factor for inappropriate antibiotic therapy (P value = 0.02). The multivariate Cox regression model revealed inappropriate antibiotic therapy (P value = 0.003), septic shock (P value = 0.0004), albumin (P value = 0.04), and dementia (P value = 0.003) to be associated with 30-day mortality.

Our study highlights the detrimental effect of inappropriate antibiotic therapy and other risk factors on morbidity and mortality associated with VRE bacteremia