Differential impact of low fat-free mass in people with COPD based on body mass index classifications: results from COSYCONET

BackgroundAlterations in body composition, including a low fat-free mass index (FFMI), are common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and occur regardless of body weight.Research questionIs the impact of low FFMI on exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and systemic inflammation different among COPD patients stratified in different body mass index classifications?Study …

Continue reading Differential impact of low fat-free mass in people with COPD based on body mass index classifications: results from COSYCONET

Daily #energy expenditure through the human life course

Total daily energy expenditure (“total expenditure”) reflects daily energy needs and is a critical variable in human health and physiology, but its trajectory over the life course is poorly studied. We analyzed a large, diverse database of total expenditure measured by the doubly labeled water method for males and females aged 8 days to 95 …

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Sex Differences in the Association of Body Composition and #Cardiovascular Mortality

To determine whether differences in body composition contribute to sex differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, we investigated the relationship between components of body composition and CVD mortality in healthy men and women. Methods and Results Dual energy x‐ray absorptiometry body composition data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2004 and CVD mortality …

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Relationship between #obesity indices and #hypertension among middle-aged and elderly populations in Taiwan: A community-based, cross-sectional study

..The obesity indices included body mass index (BMI), body fat (BF) percentage and waist circumference (WC). Of the 396 people recruited, 200 had HTN. The age-adjusted Pearson’s coefficients of BMI, BF percentage and WC were 0.23 (p<0.001), 0.14 (p=0.01) and 0.26 (p<0.001), respectively. Multiple logistic regression of the HTN-related obesity indices showed that the ORs …

Continue reading Relationship between #obesity indices and #hypertension among middle-aged and elderly populations in Taiwan: A community-based, cross-sectional study