#Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

Lifestyle modification is a key component of cardiovascular disease prevention before and concurrently with pharmacologic interventions.. ..In participants who initiated medication use, body mass index increased more (difference in change 0.19; 95% CI, 0.16–0.22) and physical activity declined (−0.09 metabolic equivalent of task hour/day; 95% CI, −0.16 to −0.02) compared with noninitiators. The likelihood of becoming obese (odds ratio: 1.82; 95% CI, 1.63–2.03) and physically … Continue reading #Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

#Eating Jet Lag: A Marker of the Variability in Meal Timing and Its Association with #Body Mass Index

The timing of food intake has been associated with obesity and adverse metabolic outcomes, independently of the amount or content of food intake and activity level. However, the impact of the variability in the timing of food intake between weekends and weekdays on BMI (body mass index) remains unexplored. To address that, we propose to study a marker of the variability of meal timing on … Continue reading #Eating Jet Lag: A Marker of the Variability in Meal Timing and Its Association with #Body Mass Index

Shared Genetic Loci Between Body #Mass Index and Major #Psychiatric Disorders A Genome-wide Association Study

People with major psychiatric disorders (MPDs) have a 10- to 20-year shorter life span than the rest of the population, and this difference is mainly due to comorbid cardiovascular diseases.. schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BIP), major depression (MD) body mass index (BMI) ..Of the shared loci, 34% (73 of 213) in SCZ, 52% (36 of 69) in BIP, and 57% (56 of 99) in MD … Continue reading Shared Genetic Loci Between Body #Mass Index and Major #Psychiatric Disorders A Genome-wide Association Study

Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global #obesity epidemic in adults

Body-mass index (#BMI) has increased steadily in most countries in parallel with a rise in the proportion of the population who live in cities1,2. This has led to a widely reported view that urbanization is one of the most important drivers of the global rise in obesity.. ..We show that, contrary to the dominant paradigm, more than 55% of the global rise in mean BMI … Continue reading Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global #obesity epidemic in adults

#Exercise capacity and #body mass index – important predictors of change in resting #heart rate

Resting heart rate (RHR) is an obtainable, inexpensive, non-invasive test, readily available on any medical document. RHR has been established as a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity, is related to other cardiovascular risk factors, and may possibly predict them. Change in RHR over time (∆RHR) has been found to be a potential predictor of mortality.. In this prospective study, RHR and ∆RHR were evaluated at … Continue reading #Exercise capacity and #body mass index – important predictors of change in resting #heart rate

Body #mass index, diet, physical inactivity, and the incidence of #dementia in 1 million UK women

..Fifteen years after the baseline survey, only 1% were lost to follow-up, and 89% remained alive with no detected dementia, of whom 18,695 had dementia detected later, at a mean age of 77 (SD 4) years. Dementia detection during years 15+ was associated with baseline obesity (BMI 30+ vs 20–24 kg/m2: RR 1.21, 95% confidence interval 1.16–1.26, p < 0.0001) but not clearly with low … Continue reading Body #mass index, diet, physical inactivity, and the incidence of #dementia in 1 million UK women

#Waist Circumference Change is Associated with Blood #pressure Change Independent of BMI Change

This study aimed to understand how an increase in abdominal adiposity relative to overall adiposity is associated with blood pressure (BP) change.. ..Each 10‐cm annual WC gain in men and women was associated with a 0.98‐mm Hg (95% CI: 0.61‐1.35) and a 0.97‐mm Hg (95% CI: 0.62‐1.32) annual increase in systolic blood pressure and a 1.13‐mm Hg (95% CI: 0.87‐1.38) and a 0.74‐mm Hg (95% … Continue reading #Waist Circumference Change is Associated with Blood #pressure Change Independent of BMI Change

Trends in Self-perceived #Weight Status, Weight Loss Attempts, and Weight Loss Strategies Among Adults in the United States, 1999-2006

..Increasing trends were observed in current measured BMI (difference, 1.20; 95% CI, 0.92-1.47; P for trend < .001), current measured weight (difference 2.77 kg; 95% CI, 1.92-3.61 kg; P for trend < .001), adjusted, self-reported, prior-year weight (difference, 2.36 kg; 95% CI, 1.52-3.21 kg; P for trend < .001), and the difference between measured and adjusted self-reported weight (difference 0.70 kg; 95% CI, 0.34-1.07 kg; P for trend < .001). During this period, … Continue reading Trends in Self-perceived #Weight Status, Weight Loss Attempts, and Weight Loss Strategies Among Adults in the United States, 1999-2006

Relationship between #obesity indices and #hypertension among middle-aged and elderly populations in Taiwan: A community-based, cross-sectional study

..The obesity indices included body mass index (BMI), body fat (BF) percentage and waist circumference (WC). Of the 396 people recruited, 200 had HTN. The age-adjusted Pearson’s coefficients of BMI, BF percentage and WC were 0.23 (p<0.001), 0.14 (p=0.01) and 0.26 (p<0.001), respectively. Multiple logistic regression of the HTN-related obesity indices showed that the ORs of BMI, BF percentage and WC were 1.15 (95% CI … Continue reading Relationship between #obesity indices and #hypertension among middle-aged and elderly populations in Taiwan: A community-based, cross-sectional study

Fatty #Airways: Implications for #Obstructive Disease

Epidemiological studies report that overweight or obese asthmatic subjects have more severe disease than those of a healthy weight. We postulated accumulation of adipose tissue within the airway wall may occur in overweight patients and contribute to airway pathology ..BMI ranged from 15 to 45 (kg·m−2) and was greater in NFA (p<0.05). Adipose tissue was identified in the outer wall of large airways (Pbm>6 mm), but … Continue reading Fatty #Airways: Implications for #Obstructive Disease

Population Impact Attributable to Modifiable Risk Factors for Hyperuricemia

BMI, alcohol intake, adherence to a DASH‐style diet, and diuretic use were all associated with serum urate levels and the presence of hyperuricemia in a dose‐response manner. The corresponding PARs of hyperuricemia cases for overweight/obesity (prevalence, 60%), non‐adherence to a DASH‐style diet (prevalence, 82%), alcohol use (prevalence, 48%), and diuretic use (prevalence, 8%) were 44% (95% CI, 41 to 48%), 9% (3% to 16%), 8% … Continue reading Population Impact Attributable to Modifiable Risk Factors for Hyperuricemia