Plasma Biomarker Concentrations Associated With Return to #Sport Following Sport-Related #Concussion in Collegiate Athletes—A Concussion Assessment, Research, and Education (CARE) Consortium Study

Identifying plasma biomarkers associated with the amount of time an athlete may need before they return to sport (RTS) following a sport-related concussion (SRC) is important because it may help to improve the health and safety of athletes.. A total of 3 plasma biomarkers (ie, total tau protein, glial fibrillary acidic protein [GFAP], and neurofilament light chain protein [Nf-L]) were measured using an ultrasensitive single … Continue reading Plasma Biomarker Concentrations Associated With Return to #Sport Following Sport-Related #Concussion in Collegiate Athletes—A Concussion Assessment, Research, and Education (CARE) Consortium Study

Associations between abdominal #obesity indices and #diabetic complications: Chinese visceral #adiposity index and neck circumference

Obesity, especially abdominal obesity, has been considered a risk factor for diabetic complications. Many abdominal obesity indices have been established, including neck circumference (NC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), lipid accumulation product (LAP), visceral adiposity index (VAI) and the Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI). However, studies investigating the associations between these indices and diabetic complications are limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations … Continue reading Associations between abdominal #obesity indices and #diabetic complications: Chinese visceral #adiposity index and neck circumference

#Hyperglycaemia is associated with impaired muscle signalling and #aerobic adaptation to exercise

Increased aerobic exercise capacity, as a result of exercise training, has important health benefits. However, some individuals are resistant to improvements in exercise capacity, probably due to undetermined genetic and environmental factors. Here, we show that exercise-induced improvements in aerobic capacity are blunted and aerobic remodelling of skeletal muscle is impaired in several animal models associated with chronic hyperglycaemia. Our data point to chronic hyperglycaemia … Continue reading #Hyperglycaemia is associated with impaired muscle signalling and #aerobic adaptation to exercise

Does adequate physical activity attenuate the associations of alcohol and alcohol‐related cancer mortality? A pooled study of 54 686 British adults

The potential of physical activity (PA) to attenuate the effects of alcohol consumption on the risks of alcohol‐related cancer mortality is unknown. We used data from participants aged 30 years and over in 10 British population‐based surveys (Health Surveys for England 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2006 and 2008 and the Scottish Health Surveys 1998 and 2003). Alcohol‐related cancer mortality included oral cavity, throat, larynx, … Continue reading Does adequate physical activity attenuate the associations of alcohol and alcohol‐related cancer mortality? A pooled study of 54 686 British adults

Echocardiographic Characterization of Female Professional Basketball Players in the US

..Echocardiographic variables included left ventricular (LV) dimensions, wall thickness, mass, prevalence of LV hypertrophy, aortic dimensions, right ventricular (RV) dimension, and right and left atrial size. Linear regression was used to assess the associations between cardiac structure and function with body size quantified as body surface area (BSA) in the primary analysis. Results A total of 140 female athletes (mean [SD] age, 26.8 [3.9] years; … Continue reading Echocardiographic Characterization of Female Professional Basketball Players in the US

Healthy #lifestyle and the risk of #Alzheimer dementia

Using data from the Chicago Health and Aging Project (CHAP; n = 1,845) and the Rush Memory and Aging Project (MAP; n = 920), we defined a healthy lifestyle score on the basis of nonsmoking, ≥150 min/wk moderate/vigorous-intensity physical activity, light to moderate alcohol consumption, high-quality Mediterranean-DASH Diet.. ..During a median follow-up of 5.8 years in CHAP and 6.0 years in MAP, 379 and 229 … Continue reading Healthy #lifestyle and the risk of #Alzheimer dementia

Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Sedentary time is inversely associated with health. Capturing 24 hours of behavior (i.e., sleep, sedentary, light physical activity, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) is necessary to understand behavior–health associations.. ..Cross-sectional analyses revealed substituting prolonged sedentary time for sleep was associated with lower stress (standardized β= −0.11), better mood (−0.12), and lower BMI (−0.10). Substituting total or prolonged sedentary for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was associated with lower … Continue reading Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Effects of #yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

..Eligibility criteria for selecting studies We included randomised controlled trials with a yoga intervention comprising ≥50% physical activity in adults with a recognised diagnosed mental disorder according to DSM-3, 4 or 5. Results 19 studies were included in the review (1080 participants) and 13 studies were included in the meta-analysis (632 participants). Disorders of depression, post-traumatic stress, schizophrenia, anxiety, alcohol dependence and bipolar were included. … Continue reading Effects of #yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Associations between the National Walkability Index and #walking among US Adults — National Health Interview Survey, 2015

The Environmental Protection Agency created the National Walkability Index (Index) to compare and analyze walkability among US communities. Index elements include design, distance to transit, and diversity of land uses. Associations between the Index and walking behavior have not been examined. This study describes associations between the Index and transportation and leisure walking among US adults. Past week self-reported participation in transportation and leisure walking … Continue reading Associations between the National Walkability Index and #walking among US Adults — National Health Interview Survey, 2015

Regular Mindful #Yoga Practice as a Method to Improve Androgen Levels in Women With Polycystic #Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Holistic approaches are needed to complement existing therapies for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common disorder affecting the health of reproductive-aged females.. ..epiandrosterone, androstenedione, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, fasting blood glucose and insulin levels, and anxiety and depression scores. Results: Twenty-two women completed the 3-month intervention period, 13 in the mindful yoga group and 9 in the control group. Paired comparisons of pre- and … Continue reading Regular Mindful #Yoga Practice as a Method to Improve Androgen Levels in Women With Polycystic #Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

MEANINGFUL CHANGE IN SIX-MINUTE #WALK IN PEOPLE WITH PERIPHERAL #ARTERY DISEASE

Six-minute walk is a common outcome in clinical trials of people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, meaningful change in six-minute walk distance is not well defined in people with PAD.. ..777 participants with PAD (mean age: 71.2 years (standard deviation (SD)=8.8) mean baseline six-minute walk: 350.1 meters (SD=118.1) completed 5,439 questions about difficulty walking each WIQ distance at baseline and follow-up. Participants … Continue reading MEANINGFUL CHANGE IN SIX-MINUTE #WALK IN PEOPLE WITH PERIPHERAL #ARTERY DISEASE

Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

..We enrolled 156 patients with a mean age of 56 years; 78 patients were assigned to each group. Baseline characteristics, including severity of pain and level of disability, were similar in the two groups. The mean (±SD) baseline WOMAC scores were 108.8±47.1 in the glucocorticoid injection group and 107.1±42.4 in the physical therapy group. At 1 year, the mean scores were 55.8±53.8 and 37.0±30.7, respectively … Continue reading Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee