Echocardiographic Characterization of Female Professional Basketball Players in the US

..Echocardiographic variables included left ventricular (LV) dimensions, wall thickness, mass, prevalence of LV hypertrophy, aortic dimensions, right ventricular (RV) dimension, and right and left atrial size. Linear regression was used to assess the associations between cardiac structure and function with body size quantified as body surface area (BSA) in the primary analysis. Results A total of 140 female athletes (mean [SD] age, 26.8 [3.9] years; … Continue reading Echocardiographic Characterization of Female Professional Basketball Players in the US

Healthy #lifestyle and the risk of #Alzheimer dementia

Using data from the Chicago Health and Aging Project (CHAP; n = 1,845) and the Rush Memory and Aging Project (MAP; n = 920), we defined a healthy lifestyle score on the basis of nonsmoking, ≥150 min/wk moderate/vigorous-intensity physical activity, light to moderate alcohol consumption, high-quality Mediterranean-DASH Diet.. ..During a median follow-up of 5.8 years in CHAP and 6.0 years in MAP, 379 and 229 … Continue reading Healthy #lifestyle and the risk of #Alzheimer dementia

Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Sedentary time is inversely associated with health. Capturing 24 hours of behavior (i.e., sleep, sedentary, light physical activity, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) is necessary to understand behavior–health associations.. ..Cross-sectional analyses revealed substituting prolonged sedentary time for sleep was associated with lower stress (standardized β= −0.11), better mood (−0.12), and lower BMI (−0.10). Substituting total or prolonged sedentary for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was associated with lower … Continue reading Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Effects of #yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

..Eligibility criteria for selecting studies We included randomised controlled trials with a yoga intervention comprising ≥50% physical activity in adults with a recognised diagnosed mental disorder according to DSM-3, 4 or 5. Results 19 studies were included in the review (1080 participants) and 13 studies were included in the meta-analysis (632 participants). Disorders of depression, post-traumatic stress, schizophrenia, anxiety, alcohol dependence and bipolar were included. … Continue reading Effects of #yoga on depressive symptoms in people with mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Associations between the National Walkability Index and #walking among US Adults — National Health Interview Survey, 2015

The Environmental Protection Agency created the National Walkability Index (Index) to compare and analyze walkability among US communities. Index elements include design, distance to transit, and diversity of land uses. Associations between the Index and walking behavior have not been examined. This study describes associations between the Index and transportation and leisure walking among US adults. Past week self-reported participation in transportation and leisure walking … Continue reading Associations between the National Walkability Index and #walking among US Adults — National Health Interview Survey, 2015

Regular Mindful #Yoga Practice as a Method to Improve Androgen Levels in Women With Polycystic #Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Holistic approaches are needed to complement existing therapies for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common disorder affecting the health of reproductive-aged females.. ..epiandrosterone, androstenedione, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, fasting blood glucose and insulin levels, and anxiety and depression scores. Results: Twenty-two women completed the 3-month intervention period, 13 in the mindful yoga group and 9 in the control group. Paired comparisons of pre- and … Continue reading Regular Mindful #Yoga Practice as a Method to Improve Androgen Levels in Women With Polycystic #Ovary Syndrome: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

MEANINGFUL CHANGE IN SIX-MINUTE #WALK IN PEOPLE WITH PERIPHERAL #ARTERY DISEASE

Six-minute walk is a common outcome in clinical trials of people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). However, meaningful change in six-minute walk distance is not well defined in people with PAD.. ..777 participants with PAD (mean age: 71.2 years (standard deviation (SD)=8.8) mean baseline six-minute walk: 350.1 meters (SD=118.1) completed 5,439 questions about difficulty walking each WIQ distance at baseline and follow-up. Participants … Continue reading MEANINGFUL CHANGE IN SIX-MINUTE #WALK IN PEOPLE WITH PERIPHERAL #ARTERY DISEASE

Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

..We enrolled 156 patients with a mean age of 56 years; 78 patients were assigned to each group. Baseline characteristics, including severity of pain and level of disability, were similar in the two groups. The mean (±SD) baseline WOMAC scores were 108.8±47.1 in the glucocorticoid injection group and 107.1±42.4 in the physical therapy group. At 1 year, the mean scores were 55.8±53.8 and 37.0±30.7, respectively … Continue reading Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Association of Healthy #Lifestyle With Years Lived Without Major Chronic Diseases

..Four baseline lifestyle factors (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and alcohol consumption) were each allocated a score based on risk status: optimal (2 points), intermediate (1 point), or poor (0 points) resulting in an aggregated lifestyle score ranging from 0 (worst) to 8 (best). Sixteen lifestyle profiles were constructed from combinations of these risk factors. Main Outcomes and Measures The number of years between … Continue reading Association of Healthy #Lifestyle With Years Lived Without Major Chronic Diseases

Hours lying down per day, as a proxy for sedentary behaviour and risk of #diabetes in young and middle-aged adults in Norway: an 11-year follow-up of the HUNT study

..362 individuals (2.1%) developed diabetes during an average of 11-year follow-up. Individuals who reported lying down ≥9 hours/day had an adjusted OR of 1.35 (95% CI 1.01 to 1.80) for incident diabetes compared with those lying down 8 hours/day. Lying down ≤7 hours/day was not associated with the risk of diabetes. In analysis stratified by physical activity, the ORs associated with lying down ≥9 hours/day were 1.41 (95% CI … Continue reading Hours lying down per day, as a proxy for sedentary behaviour and risk of #diabetes in young and middle-aged adults in Norway: an 11-year follow-up of the HUNT study

Association of Daily #Step Count and Step Intensity With Mortality Among US Adults

..Accelerometer-measured number of steps per day and 3 step intensity measures (extended bout cadence, peak 30-minute cadence, and peak 1-minute cadence [steps/min]). Accelerometer data were based on measurements obtained during a 7-day period at baseline. .. A total of 4840 participants (mean age, 56.8 years; 2435 [54%] women; 1732 [36%] individuals with obesity) wore accelerometers for a mean of 5.7 days for a mean of … Continue reading Association of Daily #Step Count and Step Intensity With Mortality Among US Adults

Total #Sitting Time and Sitting Pattern in Postmenopausal Women Differ by Hispanic Ethnicity and are Associated With #Cardiometabolic Risk Biomarkers

Sedentary behavior is pervasive, especially in older adults, and is associated with cardiometabolic disease and mortality. Relationships between cardiometabolic biomarkers and sitting time are unexplored in older women, as are possible ethnic differences.. ..Hispanic women sat, on average, 50.3 minutes less/day than non‐Hispanic women (P<0.001) and had shorter (3.6 minutes less, P=0.02) mean sitting bout duration. Among all women, longer total sitting time was deleteriously … Continue reading Total #Sitting Time and Sitting Pattern in Postmenopausal Women Differ by Hispanic Ethnicity and are Associated With #Cardiometabolic Risk Biomarkers