#Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

Lifestyle modification is a key component of cardiovascular disease prevention before and concurrently with pharmacologic interventions.. ..In participants who initiated medication use, body mass index increased more (difference in change 0.19; 95% CI, 0.16–0.22) and physical activity declined (−0.09 metabolic equivalent of task hour/day; 95% CI, −0.16 to −0.02) compared with noninitiators. The likelihood of becoming obese (odds ratio: 1.82; 95% CI, 1.63–2.03) and physically … Continue reading #Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

#Pet Ownership and #Cardiovascular Health in the US general population

The 2013 American Heart Association Scientific Statement on pet ownership and cardiovascular risk suggested that dog ownership is probably associated with decreased cardiovascular risk. Several studies have been shown that pet ownership, particularly of dogs, is associated with increased physical activity levels, social support, and improved outcomes after a major cardiovascular event.. Pet owners were older, less likely to be women or widowed, and more … Continue reading #Pet Ownership and #Cardiovascular Health in the US general population

Long-term effects of #bouldering psychotherapy on #depression: benefits can be maintained across a 12-month follow-up

Bouldering psychotherapy (BPT), an intervention that combines a unique style of rock climbing with psychotherapy Previous studies have identified positive effects of Bouldering Psychotherapy (BPT) on symptoms of depression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the short- and long-term effects of BPT on 97 participants with depression.. BPT took place once a week over a period of 8 weeks. In a waitlist … Continue reading Long-term effects of #bouldering psychotherapy on #depression: benefits can be maintained across a 12-month follow-up

Effects of #Caffeine and Acute Aerobic #Exercise on Working Memory and Caffeine Withdrawal

Studies show that a single bout of exercise confers cognitive benefits. However, many individuals use psychoactive substances such as caffeine to enhance cognitive performance.. The objectives of this study were to compare the effects of acute moderate intensity aerobic exercise to caffeine on working memory (WM) and caffeine withdrawal symptoms (CWS). In Phase I, non-caffeine (n = 29) and caffeine consumers (n = 30) completed a WM assessment, followed … Continue reading Effects of #Caffeine and Acute Aerobic #Exercise on Working Memory and Caffeine Withdrawal

Effects of physical activity #calorie equivalent food labelling to reduce food selection and consumption: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies

There is limited evidence that nutritional labelling on food/drinks is changing eating behaviours. Physical activity calorie equivalent (PACE) food labelling aims to provide the public with information about the amount of physical activity required to expend the number of kilocalories in food/drinks (eg, calories in this pizza requires 45 min of running to burn), to encourage healthier food choices and reduce disease.. ..When PACE labelling was … Continue reading Effects of physical activity #calorie equivalent food labelling to reduce food selection and consumption: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies

#C-reactive protein mediates the association between leisure-time physical #activity and #lung function in middle-aged and older adults

Although previous studies have reported the benefits of physical activity (PA) to lung function in middle-aged and older adults, the biological mechanisms are still unclear.. ..Multiple linear regression models suggested that higher PA was associated with lower levels of CRP (β = − 0.048, P = 0.002 for moderate PA; β = − 0.108, P < 0.001 for high PA). CRP negatively correlated with FEV1 (β = − 0.180, P < 0.001) and FVC (β = − 0.181, P < 0.001). Higher levels of PA … Continue reading #C-reactive protein mediates the association between leisure-time physical #activity and #lung function in middle-aged and older adults

Healthy #lifestyle and life #expectancy free of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study

..Five low risk lifestyle factors: never smoking, body mass index 18.5-24.9, moderate to vigorous physical activity (≥30 minutes/day), moderate alcohol intake (women: 5-15 g/day; men 5-30 g/day), and a higher diet quality score (upper 40%). .. The life expectancy free of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer at age 50 was 23.7 years (95% confidence interval 22.6 to 24.7) for women who adopted no low risk … Continue reading Healthy #lifestyle and life #expectancy free of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study

#Protein Intake Greater than the RDA Differentially Influences Whole-Body Lean #Mass Responses to Purposeful Catabolic and Anabolic Stressors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Under stressful conditions such as energy restriction (ER) and physical activity, the RDA for protein of 0.8 g · kg−1 · d−1 may no longer be an appropriate recommendation. Under catabolic or anabolic conditions, higher protein intakes are proposed to attenuate the loss or increase the gain of whole-body lean mass, respectively.. ..Among all comparisons, protein intakes greater than the RDA benefitted changes in lean … Continue reading #Protein Intake Greater than the RDA Differentially Influences Whole-Body Lean #Mass Responses to Purposeful Catabolic and Anabolic Stressors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Amount and Intensity of Leisure-Time #Physical Activity and Lower #Cancer Risk

To determine whether recommended amounts of leisure-time physical activity (ie, 7.5-15 metabolic equivalent task [MET] hours/week) are associated with lower cancer risk.. ..Engagement in recommended amounts of activity (7.5-15 MET hours/week) was associated with a statistically significant lower risk of 7 of the 15 cancer types studied, including colon (8%-14% lower risk in men), breast (6%-10% lower risk), endometrial (10%-18% lower risk), kidney (11%-17% lower … Continue reading Amount and Intensity of Leisure-Time #Physical Activity and Lower #Cancer Risk

Association of #Step Volume and Intensity With All-Cause #Mortality in Older Women

A goal of 10 000 steps/d is commonly believed by the public to be necessary for health, but this number has limited scientific basis.. ..In spline analysis, HRs were observed to decline progressively with higher mean steps per day until approximately 7500 steps/d, after which they leveled. For measures of stepping intensity, higher intensities were associated with significantly lower mortality rates; however, after adjusting for steps … Continue reading Association of #Step Volume and Intensity With All-Cause #Mortality in Older Women

#Injuries associated with electric-powered bikes and scooters: analysis of US consumer product data

..While persons injured using #E-bikes were more likely to suffer internal injuries (17.1%; 95% CI 5.6 to 28.6) and require hospital admission (OR=2.8, 95% CI 1.3 to 6.1), powered scooter injuries were nearly three times more likely to result in a diagnosis of concussion (3% of scooter injuries vs 0.5% of E-bike injuries). E-bike-related injuries were also more than three times more likely to involve a collision … Continue reading #Injuries associated with electric-powered bikes and scooters: analysis of US consumer product data