Hours lying down per day, as a proxy for sedentary behaviour and risk of #diabetes in young and middle-aged adults in Norway: an 11-year follow-up of the HUNT study

..362 individuals (2.1%) developed diabetes during an average of 11-year follow-up. Individuals who reported lying down ≥9 hours/day had an adjusted OR of 1.35 (95% CI 1.01 to 1.80) for incident diabetes compared with those lying down 8 hours/day. Lying down ≤7 hours/day was not associated with the risk of diabetes. In analysis stratified by physical activity, the ORs associated with lying down ≥9 hours/day were 1.41 (95% CI … Continue reading Hours lying down per day, as a proxy for sedentary behaviour and risk of #diabetes in young and middle-aged adults in Norway: an 11-year follow-up of the HUNT study

Association of Daily #Step Count and Step Intensity With Mortality Among US Adults

..Accelerometer-measured number of steps per day and 3 step intensity measures (extended bout cadence, peak 30-minute cadence, and peak 1-minute cadence [steps/min]). Accelerometer data were based on measurements obtained during a 7-day period at baseline. .. A total of 4840 participants (mean age, 56.8 years; 2435 [54%] women; 1732 [36%] individuals with obesity) wore accelerometers for a mean of 5.7 days for a mean of … Continue reading Association of Daily #Step Count and Step Intensity With Mortality Among US Adults

Total #Sitting Time and Sitting Pattern in Postmenopausal Women Differ by Hispanic Ethnicity and are Associated With #Cardiometabolic Risk Biomarkers

Sedentary behavior is pervasive, especially in older adults, and is associated with cardiometabolic disease and mortality. Relationships between cardiometabolic biomarkers and sitting time are unexplored in older women, as are possible ethnic differences.. ..Hispanic women sat, on average, 50.3 minutes less/day than non‐Hispanic women (P<0.001) and had shorter (3.6 minutes less, P=0.02) mean sitting bout duration. Among all women, longer total sitting time was deleteriously … Continue reading Total #Sitting Time and Sitting Pattern in Postmenopausal Women Differ by Hispanic Ethnicity and are Associated With #Cardiometabolic Risk Biomarkers

Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

To describe spontaneous changes in time spent being physically inactive that is measured continuously by accelerometry during an 8‐week weight‐loss intervention in overweight/obese individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA).. A total of 124 participants completed the dietary intervention and had valid accelerometer recordings. The mean weight loss was 12.7 kg (95% confidence interval [95% CI] –13.2, –12.1; P < 0.0001) after 8 weeks, which corresponded to … Continue reading Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

Association of Dual Decline in Memory and #Gait Speed With Risk for #Dementia Among Adults Older Than 60 Years

Dual decline in both memory and gait speed may characterize a group of older individuals at high risk for future dementia.. ..Participants were 60 years or older, had an initial gait speed of more than 0.6 m/s (ie, free of overt dismobility), with repeated measures of memory and gait speed before dementia diagnosis during a mean follow-up of 6.6 to 14.5 years. Within each study, … Continue reading Association of Dual Decline in Memory and #Gait Speed With Risk for #Dementia Among Adults Older Than 60 Years

Thalamic Gamma Aminobutyric Acid Level Changes in Major #Depressive Disorder After a 12-Week Iyengar Yoga and Coherent #Breathing Intervention

To determine if a 12-week yoga intervention (YI) was associated with increased gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels and decreased depressive symptoms in participants with major depressive disorder (MDD). Subjects were randomized to a high-dose group (HDG) of three YIs a week and a low-dose group (LDG) of two YIs a week. ..BDI-II scores improved significantly in both groups. GABA levels from Scan-1 to Scan-3 and … Continue reading Thalamic Gamma Aminobutyric Acid Level Changes in Major #Depressive Disorder After a 12-Week Iyengar Yoga and Coherent #Breathing Intervention

The Psychophysiological Effects of Different Tempo #Music on Endurance Versus High-Intensity #Performances

..This study assessed 19 active women (age 26.4 ± 2.6 years) during endurance (walking for 10′ at 6.5 km/h on a treadmill) and high intensity (80% on 1-RM) exercise under four different randomly assigned conditions: no music (NM), with music at 90–110 bpm (LOW), with music at 130–150 bpm (MED), and with music at 170–190 bpm (HIGH). During each trial, heart rate (HR) and the … Continue reading The Psychophysiological Effects of Different Tempo #Music on Endurance Versus High-Intensity #Performances

#Depressive symptoms and objectively measured physical activity and #sedentary behaviour throughout adolescence: a prospective cohort study

..Higher depression scores at 18 years were associated with a 60 min/day increase in sedentary behaviour at 12 years (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 1·111 [95% CI 1·051–1·176]), 14 years (1·080 [1·012–1·152]), and 16 years of age (1·107 [1·015–1·208]). Depression scores at 18 years were lower for every additional 60 min/day of light activity at 12 years (0·904 [0·850–0·961]), 14 years (0·922 [0·857–0·992]), and 16 years … Continue reading #Depressive symptoms and objectively measured physical activity and #sedentary behaviour throughout adolescence: a prospective cohort study

#Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

Lifestyle modification is a key component of cardiovascular disease prevention before and concurrently with pharmacologic interventions.. ..In participants who initiated medication use, body mass index increased more (difference in change 0.19; 95% CI, 0.16–0.22) and physical activity declined (−0.09 metabolic equivalent of task hour/day; 95% CI, −0.16 to −0.02) compared with noninitiators. The likelihood of becoming obese (odds ratio: 1.82; 95% CI, 1.63–2.03) and physically … Continue reading #Lifestyle Changes in Relation to Initiation of #Antihypertensive and #Lipid‐Lowering Medication: A Cohort Study

#Pet Ownership and #Cardiovascular Health in the US general population

The 2013 American Heart Association Scientific Statement on pet ownership and cardiovascular risk suggested that dog ownership is probably associated with decreased cardiovascular risk. Several studies have been shown that pet ownership, particularly of dogs, is associated with increased physical activity levels, social support, and improved outcomes after a major cardiovascular event.. Pet owners were older, less likely to be women or widowed, and more … Continue reading #Pet Ownership and #Cardiovascular Health in the US general population

Long-term effects of #bouldering psychotherapy on #depression: benefits can be maintained across a 12-month follow-up

Bouldering psychotherapy (BPT), an intervention that combines a unique style of rock climbing with psychotherapy Previous studies have identified positive effects of Bouldering Psychotherapy (BPT) on symptoms of depression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the short- and long-term effects of BPT on 97 participants with depression.. BPT took place once a week over a period of 8 weeks. In a waitlist … Continue reading Long-term effects of #bouldering psychotherapy on #depression: benefits can be maintained across a 12-month follow-up

Effects of #Caffeine and Acute Aerobic #Exercise on Working Memory and Caffeine Withdrawal

Studies show that a single bout of exercise confers cognitive benefits. However, many individuals use psychoactive substances such as caffeine to enhance cognitive performance.. The objectives of this study were to compare the effects of acute moderate intensity aerobic exercise to caffeine on working memory (WM) and caffeine withdrawal symptoms (CWS). In Phase I, non-caffeine (n = 29) and caffeine consumers (n = 30) completed a WM assessment, followed … Continue reading Effects of #Caffeine and Acute Aerobic #Exercise on Working Memory and Caffeine Withdrawal