Heterogeneity in statin responses explained by variation in the human gut microbiome

Despite the undeniable cholesterol lowering benefits of statin therapy, considerable heterogeneity exists in individual responses to the same treatment. Human gut bacteria are known to metabolize statins in vitro, but there is limited information on how microbiome composition may contribute to statin on-target and/or adverse effects. Here, the authors identify a novel blood-based biomarker for …

Continue reading Heterogeneity in statin responses explained by variation in the human gut microbiome

Increasing Incidence of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer

Early-onset disease (at <50 years of age) accounts for 10% of colorectal cancer cases, and the incidence is increasing, particularly in high-income countries. Patients often present with advanced disease in the left colon. One in six patients has deficient DNA mismatch repair. Screening is now recommended to begin at 45 years of age. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra2200869

Evolution of the murine gut resistome following broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment

The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represent an ever-growing healthcare challenge worldwide. Nevertheless, the mechanisms and timescales shaping this resistome remain elusive. Using an antibiotic cocktail administered to a murine model along with a longitudinal sampling strategy, we identify the mechanisms by which gut commensals acquire antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) after a single …

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Age at Initiation of Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Colorectal Cancer Risk Among US Women

Importance In the past 4 years, the American Cancer Society and the US Preventive Services Task Force updated recommendations to initiate colorectal cancer (CRC) screening at 45 years of age to address the increasing incidence of CRC among adults younger than 50 years. However, empirical evidence evaluating the potential benefits of screening in younger populations …

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Longitudinal multi-omics analyses link gut microbiome dysbiosis with recurrent urinary tract infections in women

Recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs) are a major health burden worldwide, with history of infection being a significant risk factor. While the gut is a known reservoir for uropathogenic bacteria, the role of the microbiota in rUTI remains unclear. We conducted a year-long study of women with (n = 15) and without (n = 16) history of rUTI, from …

Continue reading Longitudinal multi-omics analyses link gut microbiome dysbiosis with recurrent urinary tract infections in women