Texture analysis of MR images to identify the differentiated degree in hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective study

To explore the clinical value of texture analysis of MR images (multiphase Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) to identify the differentiated degree of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).. ..The grey-level co-occurrence matrix -based texture features were most frequently extracted and the nonlinear discriminant analysis was excellent with the misclassification rate ranging from 3.33 to 14.93%. The area under the curve (AUC) of the combined texture … Continue reading Texture analysis of MR images to identify the differentiated degree in hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective study

Trace element deficiency is highly prevalent and associated with infection and mortality in patients with alcoholic hepatitis

Malnutrition is common in patients with alcohol‐related liver disease and is associated with outcome in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. Trace elements (cobalt, copper, iron, selenium and zinc) are micronutrients essential for many cellular processes including antioxidant pathways. The prevalence and relevance of trace element deficiency is unknown in alcoholic hepatitis. ..Sera from 302 patients with alcoholic hepatitis, 46 with alcohol‐related cirrhosis and 15 healthy controls … Continue reading Trace element deficiency is highly prevalent and associated with infection and mortality in patients with alcoholic hepatitis

Clinical characteristics of chronic hepatitis B cured by peginterferon in combination with nucleotide analogs

The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) cured by antiviral therapy.. ..The combined treatment time for all participants was 124.7 ± 58.8 weeks, and the average Peg-IFN treatment time was 102.6 ± 56.1 weeks. At 24 weeks, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) had decreased more than 50% from baseline. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of … Continue reading Clinical characteristics of chronic hepatitis B cured by peginterferon in combination with nucleotide analogs

Rebaudioside affords hepatoprotection ameliorating sugar sweetened beverage- induced nonalcoholic #steatohepatitis

Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is a known independent risk factor for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Non-caloric sweeteners (NCS) are food additives providing sweetness without calories and are considered safe and/or not metabolized by the liver. The potential role of newer NCS in the regulation of NASH, however, remain unknown. Our study aimed to determine the impact of newer NCS including Rebaudioside A and sucralose on NASH using … Continue reading Rebaudioside affords hepatoprotection ameliorating sugar sweetened beverage- induced nonalcoholic #steatohepatitis

High prevalence of Hepatitis C Infection among adult patients at four urban emergency departments

What is already known about this topic? Targeted testing for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in emergency departments (EDs) has been demonstrated to be a high-yield and effective intervention for identifying previously unrecognized infections, especially among persons born during 1945–1965. What is added by this report? Opt-out, universal HCV screening in EDs identified that nearly half (47.5%) of infections were among persons born after 1965. … Continue reading High prevalence of Hepatitis C Infection among adult patients at four urban emergency departments

High incidence of #hepatocellular carcinoma and #cirrhotic complications in patients with psychiatric illness: a territory-wide cohort study

Because of high-risk behaviours, sedentary lifestyle and side effects of medications, psychiatric patients are at risk of viral hepatitis, alcohol-related liver disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We aimed to study the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhotic complications in psychiatric patients.. ..We included 105,763 psychiatric patients without prior liver-related events in the final analysis. During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 12.4 (11.0–13.7) … Continue reading High incidence of #hepatocellular carcinoma and #cirrhotic complications in patients with psychiatric illness: a territory-wide cohort study

Prediction of liver fibrosis severity in alcoholic liver disease by human microfibrillar‐associated protein 4

Background Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a public health concern that is the cause of half of all cirrhosis‐related deaths. Early detection of fibrosis, ideally in the pre‐cirrhotic stage, is a key strategy for improving ALD outcomes and for preventing progression to cirrhosis. Previous studies identified the blood‐borne marker human microfibrillar‐associated protein 4 (MFAP4) as a biomarker for detection of hepatitis C virus‐related fibrosis.. ..MFAP4 … Continue reading Prediction of liver fibrosis severity in alcoholic liver disease by human microfibrillar‐associated protein 4

Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Likelihood of Hepatic #Steatosis among US Adults

Non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a rapidly growing public health problem. In this study, we explored the association between dietary patterns (DPs) and fatty liver and liver function tests.. ..Of the 20643 eligible participants, 45.7% had prevalent fatty liver. Three DPs collectively explained 50.8% of variance in dietary nutrients consumption. The first DP was representative of a diet containing high levels of saturated and … Continue reading Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Likelihood of Hepatic #Steatosis among US Adults

CDC Hepatitis C screening among adults

..CDC is augmenting previous guidance with two new recommendations: 1) hepatitis C screening at least once in a lifetime for all adults aged ≥18 years, except in settings where the prevalence of HCV infection is <0.1% and 2) hepatitis C screening for all pregnant women during each pregnancy, except in settings where the prevalence of HCV infection is <0.1%. The recommendation for HCV testing that … Continue reading CDC Hepatitis C screening among adults

Plant‐based and animal‐based low‐carbohydrate #diets and risk of #hepatocellular carcinoma among US men and women

Little is known about the role of low‐carbohydrate diets (LCDs) in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).. ..During 3,664,769 person years of follow‐up, there were 156 incident HCC cases. Although there were no associations between overall or animal‐based LCD score and risk of HCC, plant‐based LCD score was inversely associated with HCC risk (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.70‐0.98; Ptrend=0.03). Carbohydrate intake, especially from refined grains … Continue reading Plant‐based and animal‐based low‐carbohydrate #diets and risk of #hepatocellular carcinoma among US men and women

Ethnic influence on #nonalcoholic fatty liver disease prevalence and lack of disease awareness in the United States, 2011–2016

Amongst the study population of 4538 persons, NAFLD prevalence was 32.5%, lowest in non‐Hispanic Blacks (18.0%) and Asians (18.1%), highest amongst Mexican Americans (48.4%). Within the NAFLD group, advanced fibrosis was highest in non‐Hispanic Blacks (28.5%) and lowest amongst non‐Hispanic Asians (2.7%). Of the 1473 (97.5%) NAFLD participants who answered NAFLD awareness question, 90% visited a healthcare centre at least once in the past year, … Continue reading Ethnic influence on #nonalcoholic fatty liver disease prevalence and lack of disease awareness in the United States, 2011–2016

Mitigation of nonalcoholic #fatty liver disease in high-fat-fed mice by the combination of decaffeinated green tea extract and voluntary exercise

We have shown that combination treatment with decaffeinated green tea extract (GTE) and voluntary exercise (Ex) reduces obesity and insulin resistance in high-fat (HF)-fed mice to a greater extent than either treatment alone. Here, we investigated the effects of GTE-, Ex- or the combination on the development of obesity-related NAFLD.. ..Combination treated, but not singly treated mice, had higher hepatic expression of genes related to … Continue reading Mitigation of nonalcoholic #fatty liver disease in high-fat-fed mice by the combination of decaffeinated green tea extract and voluntary exercise