Analysis of Active and Passive #Tobacco Exposures and Blood #Pressure in US Children and Adolescents

..Elevated blood pressure, classified as greater than 90% for a child’s age, sex, and height according to the 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guidelines. The a priori hypothesis that there is a positive association between tobacco exposure and elevated blood pressure in the study population was tested. Analysis included logistic regression with adjustment for possible confounders. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were conducted. Results … Continue reading Analysis of Active and Passive #Tobacco Exposures and Blood #Pressure in US Children and Adolescents

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#Hydrating the respiratory tract: an alternative explanation why masks lower severity of #COVID-19

The seasonality of respiratory diseases has been linked, among other factors, to low outdoor absolute humidity and low indoor relative humidity, which increase evaporation of water in the mucosal lining of the respiratory tract. We demonstrate that normal breathing results in an absorption-desorption cycle inside facemasks, in which supersaturated air is absorbed by the mask fibers during expiration, followed by evaporation during inspiration of dry … Continue reading #Hydrating the respiratory tract: an alternative explanation why masks lower severity of #COVID-19

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Quantifying asymptomatic infection and transmission of #COVID-19 in New York City using observed cases, serology, and testing capacity

The contributions of asymptomatic infections to herd immunity and community transmission are key to the resurgence and control of COVID-19, but are difficult to estimate using current models that ignore changes in testing capacity. Using a model that incorporates daily testing information fit to the case and serology data from New York City, we show that the proportion of symptomatic cases is low, ranging from … Continue reading Quantifying asymptomatic infection and transmission of #COVID-19 in New York City using observed cases, serology, and testing capacity

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Post-traumatic stress disorder ( #PTSD ) in mid-age and older adults differs by immigrant status and ethnicity, #nutrition, and other determinants of health in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA)

This study aimed to address knowledge gaps about post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mid-age and older adults, with particular attention to the relationship of PTSD with nutrition and with ethnicity and immigrant status. Methods Binary logistic regression analysis of weighted comprehensive cohort data from the baseline Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA; n = 27,211) was conducted using the four-item Primary Care-PTSD tool (outcome) and immigrant status … Continue reading Post-traumatic stress disorder ( #PTSD ) in mid-age and older adults differs by immigrant status and ethnicity, #nutrition, and other determinants of health in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA)

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A Little #Autonomy Support Goes a Long Way: Daily Autonomy‐Supportive Parenting, Child Well‐Being, Parental Need Fulfillment, and Change in Child, Family, and Parent Adjustment Across the Adaptation to the #COVID‐19 Pandemic

This study examined the effects of daily parental autonomy support on changes in child behavior, family environment, and parental well‐being across 3 weeks during the COVID‐19 pandemic in Germany. Day‐to‐day associations among autonomy‐supportive parenting, parental need fulfillment, and child well‐being were also assessed. Parents (longitudinal N = 469; Mage = 42.93, SDage = 6.40) of school children (6–19 years) reported on adjustment measures at two … Continue reading A Little #Autonomy Support Goes a Long Way: Daily Autonomy‐Supportive Parenting, Child Well‐Being, Parental Need Fulfillment, and Change in Child, Family, and Parent Adjustment Across the Adaptation to the #COVID‐19 Pandemic

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Longitudinal Associations of Midlife Accelerometer Determined #Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity With #Cognitive Function: The CARDIA Study

To determine if accelerometer measured sedentary behavior (SED), light‐intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate‐to‐vigorous–intensity physical activity (MVPA) in midlife is prospectively associated with cognitive function. Participants were 1970 adults enrolled in the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study who wore an accelerometer in 2005 to 2006 (ages 38–50 years) and had cognitive function assessments completed 5 and/or 10 years later. SED, LPA, … Continue reading Longitudinal Associations of Midlife Accelerometer Determined #Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity With #Cognitive Function: The CARDIA Study

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Childhood Daily #Energy Expenditure Does Not Decrease with Market Integration and Is Not Related to #Adiposity in Amazonia

Childhood overweight and obesity (OW/OB) is increasingly centered in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as rural populations experience market integration and lifeway change. Most explanatory studies have relied on imprecise estimates of children’s energy expenditure, restricting understanding of the relative effects of changes in diet and energy expenditure on the development of OW/OB in transitioning contexts.. ..Cross-sectional data were collected from “rural” (n = 43) … Continue reading Childhood Daily #Energy Expenditure Does Not Decrease with Market Integration and Is Not Related to #Adiposity in Amazonia

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Recurrence of major #depressive disorder and its predictors in the general population: results from The Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS)

Knowledge of the risk of recurrence after recovery from major depressive disorder (MDD) in the general population is scarce. Method Data were derived from 687 subjects in the general population with a lifetime DSM-III-R diagnosis of MDD but without a current major depressive episode (MDE) or dysthymia. Participants had to be at least 6 months in remission, and were recruited from The Netherlands Mental Health … Continue reading Recurrence of major #depressive disorder and its predictors in the general population: results from The Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS)

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Progression of #Myopia in School-Aged Children After #COVID-19 Home Confinement

Time spent in outdoor activities has decreased owing to home confinement for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Concerns have been raised about whether home confinement may have worsened the burden of myopia owing to substantially decreased time spent outdoors and increased screen time at home.. .. Of the 123 535 children included in the study, 64 335 (52.1%) were boys. A total of 194 904 test results … Continue reading Progression of #Myopia in School-Aged Children After #COVID-19 Home Confinement

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Evaluating the impact of a time orientation intervention on #well-being during the #COVID-19 lockdown: past, present or future?

Lockdown policies brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic pose a threat to well-being. This study examined the effectiveness of three positive psychology interventions, with different time-orientations, on well-being as well as predictors of well-being during lockdown. Participants (n= 216) completed measures of lockdown characteristics, attachment orientation, and emotion regulation, were then randomly allocated to one of four interventions; nostalgia (past), gratitude (present), best possible self … Continue reading Evaluating the impact of a time orientation intervention on #well-being during the #COVID-19 lockdown: past, present or future?

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#Plastics, #EDCs & Health: Authoritative Guide

The Endocrine Society and IPEN (International Pollutants Elimination Network) are proud to present this authoritative and comprehensive report to addresses how plastics can harm human health. An expert overview of twenty years of research shows that plastics pose a threat to public health because they contain a host of hazardous, endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that leach and contaminate humans and the environment. The report catalogues EDCs … Continue reading #Plastics, #EDCs & Health: Authoritative Guide

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Characterizing #COVID-19 and #Influenza Illnesses in the Real World via Person-Generated Health Data

The fight against COVID-19 is hindered by similarly presenting viral infections that may confound detection and monitoring. We examined Person-generated Health Data (PGHD), consisting of survey and commercial wearable data from individuals’ everyday lives, for 230 people who reported a COVID-19 diagnosis between 2020-03-30 and 2020-04-27 (N=41 with wearable data). Compared to self-reported diagnosed flu cases from the same timeframe (N=426, 85 with wearable data) … Continue reading Characterizing #COVID-19 and #Influenza Illnesses in the Real World via Person-Generated Health Data

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