Associations Between Social #Anxiety, #Depression, and Use of #Mobile Dating Applications

This study explores associations between symptoms of social anxiety (SA) and depression with participants’ extent of dating app use, self-reported motivations for dating app use, and likelihood of initiating interaction with dating app matches. Three-hundred seventy-four participants completed an online battery of surveys that examined psychopathology and dating app use. SA and depression symptoms were positively associated with participants’ extent of dating app use, and … Continue reading Associations Between Social #Anxiety, #Depression, and Use of #Mobile Dating Applications

Neighbourhood income and physical distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

Physical distancing has been the primary strategy to control COVID-19 in the United States. We used mobility data from a large, anonymized sample of smartphone users to assess the relationship between neighbourhood income and physical distancing during the pandemic. We found a strong gradient between neighbourhood income and physical distancing. Individuals in high-income neighbourhoods increased their days at home substantially more than individuals in low-income … Continue reading Neighbourhood income and physical distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

Lowering the transmission and spread of human coronavirus

The emergence of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic has created an unprecedented healthcare, social, and economic disaster. Wearing of masks and social distancing can significantly decrease transmission and spread, however, due to circumstances such as medical or dental intervention and personal choice these practices have not been universally adopted. Additional strategies are required to lessen transmission. Nasal rinses and mouthwashes, which directly … Continue reading Lowering the transmission and spread of human coronavirus

The effects of acute #work #stress and appraisal on psychobiological stress responses in a group office environment

The high prevalence of office stress and its detrimental health consequences are of concern to individuals, employers and society at large. Laboratory studies investigating office stress have mostly relied on data from participants that were tested individually on abstract tasks. In this study, we examined the effect of psychosocial office stress and work interruptions on the psychobiological stress response in a realistic but controlled group … Continue reading The effects of acute #work #stress and appraisal on psychobiological stress responses in a group office environment

#SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence and #transmission risk factors among high-risk close contacts: a retrospective cohort study

The proportion of asymptomatic carriers and transmission risk factors of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) among household and non-household contacts remains unclear. In Singapore, extensive contact tracing by the Ministry of Health for every diagnosed COVID-19 case, and legally enforced quarantine and intensive health surveillance of close contacts provided a rare opportunity to determine asymptomatic attack rates and SARS-CoV-2 transmission risk factors among … Continue reading #SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence and #transmission risk factors among high-risk close contacts: a retrospective cohort study

Air #pollution as a determinant of food delivery and related #plastic waste

Plastic waste is a growing environmental concern. The food delivery industry is criticized for its environmental impact, especially its current use of plastic packaging. At the same time, the environment impacts the industry. We show that air pollution is a behavioural driver of food delivery consumption in the urban developing world. Our hypothesis is that individuals are more likely to order delivery when their personal … Continue reading Air #pollution as a determinant of food delivery and related #plastic waste

Residential context and #COVID-19 mortality among adults aged 70 years and older in Stockholm: a population-based, observational study using individual-level data

Housing characteristics and neighbourhood context are considered risk factors for COVID-19 mortality among older adults. The aim of this study was to investigate how individual-level housing and neighbourhood characteristics are associated with COVID-19 mortality in older adults.. ..Of 279 961 individuals identified to be aged 70 years or older on March 12, 2020, and residing in Stockholm in December, 2019, 274 712 met the eligibility criteria and … Continue reading Residential context and #COVID-19 mortality among adults aged 70 years and older in Stockholm: a population-based, observational study using individual-level data

Trends in #Physician #Voting Practices in California, New York, and Texas, 2006-2018

From 1996 to 2002, eligible physicians voted approximately 9 percentage points less than the general population.1 Since then, physician voter engagement has not been reported. We investigated physician voter participation, voter registration, and voter turnout from 2006 through 2018 in California, New York, and Texas, which are states with the largest number of physicians.. ..Discussion From 2006 through 2018, voter participation among eligible physicians in … Continue reading Trends in #Physician #Voting Practices in California, New York, and Texas, 2006-2018

Effect of time of day of recreational and household #physical activity on prostate and breast #cancer risk (MCC‐Spain study)

Experimental evidence indicates that exercise performed at different times of the day may affect circadian rhythms and circadian disruption has been linked to breast and prostate cancer. We examined in a population‐based case‐control study (MCC‐Spain) if the time‐of‐day when physical activity is done affects prostate and breast cancer risk. Lifetime recreational and household physical activity was assessed by in‐person interviews. Information on time‐of‐day of activity … Continue reading Effect of time of day of recreational and household #physical activity on prostate and breast #cancer risk (MCC‐Spain study)

What is the best way of delivering virtual #nature for improving mood?: An experimental comparison of high definition TV, 360º video, and computer generated virtual reality

Exposure to ‘real’ nature can increase positive affect and decrease negative affect, but direct access is not always possible, e.g. for people in health/care settings who often experience chronic boredom. In these settings ‘virtual’ forms of nature may also have mood-related benefits (e.g. reducing boredom) but it has been difficult to separate effects of nature content from those of delivery mode. The present laboratory-based study … Continue reading What is the best way of delivering virtual #nature for improving mood?: An experimental comparison of high definition TV, 360º video, and computer generated virtual reality

Standardized #massage interventions as protocols for the induction of psychophysiological #relaxation in the laboratory: a block randomized, controlled trial

Health and disease are strongly linked to psychophysiological states. While stress research strongly benefits from standardized stressors, no established protocol focuses on the induction of psychophysiological relaxation. To maintain health, functioning regenerative systems are however likely as important as functioning stress systems. Thus, the identification of validated relaxation paradigms is needed. Here, we investigated whether standardized massages are capable of reliably inducing physiological and psychological … Continue reading Standardized #massage interventions as protocols for the induction of psychophysiological #relaxation in the laboratory: a block randomized, controlled trial

#Emergency Visits for #Thunderstorm-Related Respiratory Illnesses Among Older Adults

Thunderstorm-related atmospheric changes are expected to increase in severity with rising global temperatures. Although large-scale evidence is limited, vulnerable populations, such as older adults or those with common chronic respiratory diseases, like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are expected to be susceptible to negative health effects from these changes.The objective of this study was to determine whether increases in emergency department (ED) visits … Continue reading #Emergency Visits for #Thunderstorm-Related Respiratory Illnesses Among Older Adults