#Mediterranean diet intervention alters the gut microbiome in older people reducing #frailty and improving health status: the NU-AGE 1-year dietary intervention across five European countries

..Adherence to the diet was associated with specific microbiome alterations. Taxa enriched by adherence to the diet were positively associated with several markers of lower frailty and improved cognitive function, and negatively associated with inflammatory markers including C-reactive protein and interleukin-17. Analysis of the inferred microbial metabolite profiles indicated that the diet-modulated microbiome change was associated with an increase in short/branch chained fatty acid production … Continue reading #Mediterranean diet intervention alters the gut microbiome in older people reducing #frailty and improving health status: the NU-AGE 1-year dietary intervention across five European countries

Association between #tea consumption and depressive symptom among Chinese older adults

Despite accumulating evidence on the protective effect of tea consumption against depression, studies specifically focusing on the elderly population are yet limited.. ..We found that consistent and frequent tea-drinking was associated with significantly less depressive symptoms, and such impact was partially mediated by socioeconomic status, health behavior, physical health, cognitive function, and social engagement. However, the association was only significant for males and the oldest-old, … Continue reading Association between #tea consumption and depressive symptom among Chinese older adults

Associations between Serum Levels of #Cholesterol and #survival to Age 90 in Postmenopausal Women

Although elevated lipid levels predict increased risk of coronary heart disease and death in middle‐aged women and men, evidence is mixed if lipid levels measured in later life predict survival to very old ages.. HDL and LDL levels were not associated with survival to age 90 after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors.. Similarly, no associations were observed between HDL and LDL levels and survival to … Continue reading Associations between Serum Levels of #Cholesterol and #survival to Age 90 in Postmenopausal Women

#Handgrip strength variability during serial testing as an entropic biomarker of #aging: a Poincaré plot analysis

..An observational cross-sectional study was performed on 80 young adults (18–22 years old, mean age 20.01 years) and 80 older people (65–69 years old, mean age 67.13 years), with a sex ratio of 1:1 for both groups.. The analysis of the differences between groups revealed statistically significant results for most HGS-derived indices (p ≤ 0.05), and the magnitude of the differences indicated, in most situations, a large effect size (r > 0.5). Our … Continue reading #Handgrip strength variability during serial testing as an entropic biomarker of #aging: a Poincaré plot analysis

Intensive vs Standard Blood #Pressure Control in Adults 80 Years or Older: A Secondary Analysis of the #Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial

Participants with hypertension but without diabetes (N = 1167) were randomized to an SBP target below 120 mm Hg (intensive treatment) vs a target below 140 mm Hg (standard treatment).. Intensive treatment led to significant reductions in cardiovascular events (hazard ratio [HR] = .66; 95% confidence interval [CI] = .49‐.90), mortality (HR = .67; 95% CI = .48‐.93), and MCI (HR = .70; 95% CI = .51‐.96). … Continue reading Intensive vs Standard Blood #Pressure Control in Adults 80 Years or Older: A Secondary Analysis of the #Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial

Complementing chronic #frailty assessment at hospital admission with an electronic frailty index (FI-Laboratory) comprising routine blood test results

..we created a frailty index from routine admission laboratory investigations (FI-Laboratory) linked to data comprising hospital outcomes. ..We found that the FI-Laboratory correlated weakly with the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS; r2 = 0.09). An increase in the CFS and the equivalent of 3 additional abnormal laboratory test results in the FI-Laboratory, respectively, were associated with an increased proportion of inpatient days (rate ratios [RRs] 1.43, … Continue reading Complementing chronic #frailty assessment at hospital admission with an electronic frailty index (FI-Laboratory) comprising routine blood test results

Characteristics of Patients Experiencing Rehospitalization or Death After Hospital Discharge in a Nationwide Outbreak of #E-cigarette, or #Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury — United States, 2019

Some patients hospitalized for e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) have been rehospitalized or have died after hospital discharge.. ..Compared with other EVALI patients, rehospitalized patients and patients who died after hospital discharge were more likely to have one or more chronic conditions, including cardiac disease, chronic pulmonary disease, and diabetes, and to be older. At least one quarter of rehospitalizations and deaths … Continue reading Characteristics of Patients Experiencing Rehospitalization or Death After Hospital Discharge in a Nationwide Outbreak of #E-cigarette, or #Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury — United States, 2019

Association of #Step Volume and Intensity With All-Cause #Mortality in Older Women

A goal of 10 000 steps/d is commonly believed by the public to be necessary for health, but this number has limited scientific basis.. ..In spline analysis, HRs were observed to decline progressively with higher mean steps per day until approximately 7500 steps/d, after which they leveled. For measures of stepping intensity, higher intensities were associated with significantly lower mortality rates; however, after adjusting for steps … Continue reading Association of #Step Volume and Intensity With All-Cause #Mortality in Older Women

Acute #Kidney Injury Among Older Patients Undergoing Coronary #Angiography for Acute Myocardial Infarction: The SILVER-AMI Study

..Comorbid diseases and aging-related conditions were both more common among individuals experiencing acute kidney injury. However, after multivariable adjustment, no aging-related conditions were retained. There were 11 risk factors in the final model; the strongest were heart failure on presentation (odds ratio [OR] 1.91; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.41-2.59), body mass index [BMI] >30 (vs BMI 18-25: OR 1.75; 95% CI, 1.27-2.42), and nonwhite race … Continue reading Acute #Kidney Injury Among Older Patients Undergoing Coronary #Angiography for Acute Myocardial Infarction: The SILVER-AMI Study

Associations between Skeletal #Muscle and #Myocardium in Aging: A Syndrome of “Cardio‐Sarcopenia”?

..We hypothesize that among aging adults with sarcopenia, alterations in myocardial structure and/or function may exist, resulting in a syndrome of “cardio‐sarcopenia.” ..Participants with sarcopenia had smaller left ventricular (LV) sizes (lower LV internal diameter end diastole (4.1 ± .7 vs 4.5 ± .6 cm; P < .0001), lower LV internal diameter end systole (2.3 ± .5 vs 2.5 ± .4 cm; P = .010), lower LV posterior wall end diastole (.7 ± .1 vs .8 ± .1 cm; … Continue reading Associations between Skeletal #Muscle and #Myocardium in Aging: A Syndrome of “Cardio‐Sarcopenia”?

Playing analog #games is associated with reduced declines in #cognitive function: a 68 year longitudinal cohort study

..Our goal was to examine the association between playing games and change in cognitive function from age 11 to age 70, and from age 70 to 79.. Higher frequency of playing games was associated with higher cognitive function at age 70, controlling for age 11 cognitive function, and the majority of this association could not be explained by control variables. Playing more games was also … Continue reading Playing analog #games is associated with reduced declines in #cognitive function: a 68 year longitudinal cohort study