#Dapagliflozin in Patients with Chronic #Kidney Disease

Patients with chronic kidney disease have a high risk of adverse kidney and cardiovascular outcomes. The effect of dapagliflozin in patients with chronic kidney disease, with or without type 2 diabetes, is not known.. ..The independent data monitoring committee recommended stopping the trial because of efficacy. Over a median of 2.4 years, a primary outcome event occurred in 197 of 2152 participants (9.2%) in the … Continue reading #Dapagliflozin in Patients with Chronic #Kidney Disease

Natural history of acute #kidney disease in patients with #cirrhosis

In 2012, KDIGO group proposed new definitions for Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), Acute Kidney Disease (AKD) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). According to the definition adapted by the International Club of Ascites (ICA), AKI has been extensively investigated in patients with cirrhosis. On the contrary, there are currently no data on the epidemiology and clinical outcome of AKD in these patients. The aim of the … Continue reading Natural history of acute #kidney disease in patients with #cirrhosis

The change in #kidney function was associated with #carotid artery plaque in a community-based population: a cohort study

We performed the current study to evaluate the association between dynamic change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and the risk of carotid artery plaque (CAP) in a community-based population A total number of 37,093 Chinese adults (21,790 men and 15,303 women, aged 42.6±11.6 years) free of chronic kidney diseases were enrolled. The change in eGFR was calculated based on two measurements in 2013 and … Continue reading The change in #kidney function was associated with #carotid artery plaque in a community-based population: a cohort study

2020 Conversion of Urine Protein–Creatinine Ratio or Urine Dipstick Protein to Urine Albumin–Creatinine Ratio for Use in Chronic Kidney Disease Screening and Prognosis

Measuring albuminuria is the preferred method for defining and staging chronic kidney disease (CKD), but total urine protein or dipstick protein is often measured instead. This analysis presents equations for converting urine protein–creatinine ratio and dipstick protein to urine albumin–creatinine ratio, and finds that both may help in CKD screening, staging, and prognosis.. Equations to convert urine PCR and dipstick protein to ACR were developed … Continue reading 2020 Conversion of Urine Protein–Creatinine Ratio or Urine Dipstick Protein to Urine Albumin–Creatinine Ratio for Use in Chronic Kidney Disease Screening and Prognosis

Effects of dapagliflozin on development and progression of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: an analysis from the DECLARE–TIMI 58 randomised trial

Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have shown beneficial effects on renal outcomes mainly in patients with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Here we report analyses of renal outcomes with the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in the DECLARE–TIMI 58 cardiovascular outcomes trial, which included patients with type 2 diabetes both with and without established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and mostly with preserved renal function.. ..The trial took place between April … Continue reading Effects of dapagliflozin on development and progression of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: an analysis from the DECLARE–TIMI 58 randomised trial

Glycemic Status, Insulin Resistance, and the Risk of Nephrolithiasis: A Cohort Study

..During a median follow-up of 4.2 years, 6,904 participants developed nephrolithiasis. Associations between levels of glycemic status and incident nephrolithiasis were examined separately in men and women ( P for interaction = 0.003). Among men, multivariable-adjusted HRs for incident nephrolithiasis comparing glucose levels of 90-99, 100-125, and 126-<90 mg/dL were 1.10 (95% CI, 1.01-1.19), 1.11 (95% CI, 1.02-1.21), and 1.27 (95% CI, 1.10-1.46), respectively, while … Continue reading Glycemic Status, Insulin Resistance, and the Risk of Nephrolithiasis: A Cohort Study

Assessment of #dextrose 50 bolus versus dextrose 10 infusion in the management of #hyperkalemia in the ED

Hypoglycemia is a common adverse effect when intravenous (IV) insulin is administered for hyperkalemia. A prolonged infusion of dextrose 10% (D10) may mitigate hypoglycemia compared to dextrose 50% (D50) bolus. Our objective was to evaluate whether D10 infusion is a safe and effective alternative to D50 bolus for hypoglycemia prevention in hyperkalemic patients receiving IV insulin.. ..There was no difference in incidence of hypoglycemia between … Continue reading Assessment of #dextrose 50 bolus versus dextrose 10 infusion in the management of #hyperkalemia in the ED

ACUTE #KIDNEY INJURY IN PATIENTS HOSPITALIZED WITH #COVID-19

The rate of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with patients hospitalized with Covid-19, and associated outcomes are not well understood. This study describes the presentation, risk factors and outcomes of AKI in patients hospitalized with Covid-19. We reviewed the health records for all patients hospitalized with Covid-19 between March 1, and April 5, 2020, at 13 academic and community hospitals in metropolitan New York. Patients … Continue reading ACUTE #KIDNEY INJURY IN PATIENTS HOSPITALIZED WITH #COVID-19

Use of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors and risk of serious #renal events: Scandinavian cohort study

..Cohort of 29 887 new users of SGLT2 inhibitors (follow-up time: dapagliflozin 66.1%; empagliflozin 32.6%; canagliflozin 1.3%) and 29 887 new users of an active comparator, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, matched 1:1 on the basis of a propensity score with 57 variables. Mean follow-up time was 1.7 (SD 1.0) years. ..The mean age of the study population was 61.3 (SD 10.5) years; 11 108 (19%) had cardiovascular disease, and … Continue reading Use of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors and risk of serious #renal events: Scandinavian cohort study

A high-#salt diet compromises antibacterial neutrophil responses through hormonal perturbation

The Western diet is rich in salt, which poses various health risks. A high-salt diet (HSD) can stimulate immunity through the nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (Nfat5)–signaling pathway, especially in the skin, where sodium is stored. The kidney medulla also accumulates sodium to build an osmotic gradient for water conservation. Here, we studied the effect of an HSD on the immune defense against … Continue reading A high-#salt diet compromises antibacterial neutrophil responses through hormonal perturbation

EMA advises continued use of medicines for #hypertension, heart or #kidney disease during COVID-19 pandemic

EMA is aware of recent media reports and publications which question whether some medicines, for instance angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs, or sartan medicines), could worsen coronavirus disease (COVID-19). ACE inhibitors and ARBs are most commonly used for treating patients with high blood pressure, heart failure or kidney disease. It is important that patients do not interrupt their treatment with … Continue reading EMA advises continued use of medicines for #hypertension, heart or #kidney disease during COVID-19 pandemic

Acute #kidney injury after primary total hip #arthroplasty: a risk multiplier for complication, mortality, and healthcare utilization

To assess whether acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with more complications and higher healthcare utilization in people undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA).. ..Adjusted for age, gender, race, income, underlying diagnosis, medical comorbidity, and the insurance payer, AKI in people who underwent primary THA was associated with significantly higher OR (95% CI) of (1) implant infection, 2.34 (95% CI, 1.87, 2.93); (2) transfusion, 2.46 … Continue reading Acute #kidney injury after primary total hip #arthroplasty: a risk multiplier for complication, mortality, and healthcare utilization