#Acne vulgaris and risk of #depression and #anxiety: A meta-analytic review

Several studies have shown an association of acne vulgaris with depression and anxiety, but a quantitative review has not yet been conducted.. Forty-two studies were included. We found a significant association of acne vulgaris with depression ( r = 0.22 [95% confidence interval 0.17-0.26, P < .00001]) and anxiety ( r = 0.25 [95% confidence interval 0.19-0.31, P < .00001]). Subgroup analyses and comparisons showed … Continue reading #Acne vulgaris and risk of #depression and #anxiety: A meta-analytic review

FDA Permits Marketing of First Game-Based Digital Therapeutic to Improve Attention Function in Children with ADHD

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) permitted marketing of the first game-based digital therapeutic device to improve attention function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The prescription-only game-based device, called EndeavorRx, is indicated for pediatric patients ages 8 to12 years old with primarily inattentive or combined-type ADHD who have demonstrated an attention issue. EndeavorRx is indicated to improve attention function as … Continue reading FDA Permits Marketing of First Game-Based Digital Therapeutic to Improve Attention Function in Children with ADHD

Trends in Frequency of Sexual Activity and Number of Sexual Partners Among Adults Aged 18 to 44 Years in the US, 2000-2018

Sexual relationships are important for well-being and health. Recent trends in sexual activity among US adults are unknown.. The study population included 4291 men and 5213 women in the analysis of sexual frequency and 4372 men and 5377 women in the analysis of number of sexual partners (mean [SD] age, 31.4 [7.6] years; survey response rate, 59.5%-71.4%). Between 2000-2002 and 2016-2018, the proportion of 18- … Continue reading Trends in Frequency of Sexual Activity and Number of Sexual Partners Among Adults Aged 18 to 44 Years in the US, 2000-2018

Influence of perceived threat of Covid-19 and HEXACO personality traits on toilet paper stockpiling

Following the fast spread of Covid-19 across Europe and North America in March 2020, many people started stockpiling commodities like toilet paper. Despite the high relevance for public authorities to adequately address stockpiling behavior, empirical studies on the psychological underpinnings of toilet paper stockpiling are still scarce. In this study, we investigated the relation between personality traits, perceived threat of Covid-19, and stockpiling of toilet … Continue reading Influence of perceived threat of Covid-19 and HEXACO personality traits on toilet paper stockpiling

Repetitive negative #thinking is associated with #amyloid, tau, and cognitive decline

The Cognitive Debt hypothesis proposes that repetitive negative thinking (RNT), a modifiable process common to many psychological risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) may itself increase risk. We sought to empirically examine relationships between RNT and markers of AD, compared with anxiety and depression symptoms. ..RNT was associated with decline in global cognition (P = .02); immediate (P = .03) and delayed memory (P = … Continue reading Repetitive negative #thinking is associated with #amyloid, tau, and cognitive decline

Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Sedentary time is inversely associated with health. Capturing 24 hours of behavior (i.e., sleep, sedentary, light physical activity, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) is necessary to understand behavior–health associations.. ..Cross-sectional analyses revealed substituting prolonged sedentary time for sleep was associated with lower stress (standardized β= −0.11), better mood (−0.12), and lower BMI (−0.10). Substituting total or prolonged sedentary for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was associated with lower … Continue reading Current and 1-Year Psychological and Physical Effects of Replacing Sedentary Time With Time in Other Behaviors

Screening for Anxiety in Adolescent and Adult Women: A Recommendation From the Women’s Preventive Services Initiative

..Recommendation: The WPSI recommends screening for anxiety in women and adolescent girls aged 13 years or older who are not currently diagnosed with anxiety disorders, including pregnant and postpartum women. Optimal screening intervals are unknown, and clinical judgment should be used to determine frequency. When screening suggests the presence of anxiety, further evaluation is necessary to establish the diagnosis and determine appropriate treatment and follow-up. … Continue reading Screening for Anxiety in Adolescent and Adult Women: A Recommendation From the Women’s Preventive Services Initiative

Outcomes of Online #Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Patients With Residual Depressive Symptoms A Randomized Clinical Trial

Patients with residual depressive symptoms face a gap in care because few resources, to date, are available to manage the lingering effects of their illness.. To evaluate the effectiveness for treating residual depressive symptoms with Mindful Mood Balance (MMB), a web-based application that delivers mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, plus usual depression care compared with usual depression care only. Participants who received MMB plus UDC had significantly … Continue reading Outcomes of Online #Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Patients With Residual Depressive Symptoms A Randomized Clinical Trial

Loneliness around the world: Age, gender, and cultural differences in loneliness

Highlights •Younger people reported more loneliness than the middle-aged. •The middle-aged reported more loneliness than older people. •Men reported more loneliness than women. •People in individualistic (vs. collectivist) countries reported more loneliness. •Age, gender, and culture interacted to predict loneliness. https://bit.ly/3eYVzk2 Continue reading Loneliness around the world: Age, gender, and cultural differences in loneliness

Efficacy and Safety of a 2-Month Formulation of Aripiprazole Lauroxil With 1-Day Initiation in Patients Hospitalized for Acute Schizophrenia Transitioned to Outpatient Care

Evaluate efficacy and safety of a 2-month formulation of aripiprazole lauroxil (AL) with 1-day initiation during hospitalization for acute exacerbation of schizophrenia followed by transition to outpatient care.. The phase 3b double-blind Aripiprazole Lauroxil and Paliperidone palmitate: INitiation Effectiveness (ALPINE) study was conducted from November 2017 to March 2019. Adults with acute schizophrenia according to DSM-5 criteria were randomized (1:1) to AL (AL NanoCrystal Dispersion … Continue reading Efficacy and Safety of a 2-Month Formulation of Aripiprazole Lauroxil With 1-Day Initiation in Patients Hospitalized for Acute Schizophrenia Transitioned to Outpatient Care

#Cognitive behavioral group therapy for panic disorder in a general clinical setting: a prospective cohort study with 12 to 31-years follow-up

The long-term prognosis after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in outpatient groups for panic disorder and agoraphobia is not well known. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term outcomes in terms of psychological health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), quality of life (QoL) and treatment satisfaction after CBT for panic disorder and agoraphobia ..The effect size of the long-term change (mean change/ pooled SD) … Continue reading #Cognitive behavioral group therapy for panic disorder in a general clinical setting: a prospective cohort study with 12 to 31-years follow-up

Assessment of a Prediction Model for Antidepressant Treatment Stability Using Supervised Topic Models

..Stable treatment response, intended as a proxy for treatment effectiveness, defined as continued prescription of an antidepressant for 90 days. Supervised topic models were used to extract 10 interpretable covariates from coded clinical data for stability prediction. With use of data from 1 hospital system (site A), generalized linear models and ensembles of decision trees were trained to predict stability outcomes from topic features that … Continue reading Assessment of a Prediction Model for Antidepressant Treatment Stability Using Supervised Topic Models