Socioeconomic Disadvantage is Associated with Probable Sarcopenia in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

BackgroundSarcopenia is characterized by the accelerated loss of muscle strength, mass, and function in aging. The disease is a major public health issue with emerging evidence of a disproportionate burden in areas of socioeconomic disadvantage. ObjectivesTo estimate the prevalence of probable sarcopenia overall, and according to Socioeconomic Position (SEP). To explore the association between markers …

Continue reading Socioeconomic Disadvantage is Associated with Probable Sarcopenia in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Findings from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Low #muscle mass in #older adults and mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Sarcopenia comprises a loss of muscle function and muscle mass. So far, the association between the later and mortality in older adults is inconsistent. A meta-analysis was performed to assess whether muscle mass measured by appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI) is associated with higher mortality in older adults. Articles of interest were searched for …

Continue reading Low #muscle mass in #older adults and mortality: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Number of #teeth and masticatory function are associated with #sarcopenia and #diabetes mellitus status among community-dwelling older adults: A Shimane CoHRE study

We aimed to examine the number of teeth and masticatory function as oral health indices and clarify their roles in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia and diabetes mellitus in community-dwelling older adults. Subjects and methodsThis cross-sectional study was conducted with 635 older adults in Ohnan, Shimane Prefecture, in rural Japan. The number of teeth and masticatory …

Continue reading Number of #teeth and masticatory function are associated with #sarcopenia and #diabetes mellitus status among community-dwelling older adults: A Shimane CoHRE study

#Sarcopenia is independently associated with #parietal atrophy in older adults

Highlights•Sarcopenia was common in old adults living in a retirement community (46.1%). •Sarcopenia had moderate-severe global cortical, parietal and medial temporal atrophy. •Sarcopenia is significantly associated with parietal atrophy in older adults. •Age had a significant relationship with global cortical and medial temporal atrophy. AbstractIntroductionAs populations age, sarcopenia becomes a major health problem among adults …

Continue reading #Sarcopenia is independently associated with #parietal atrophy in older adults

Prevalence and clinical implications of #sarcopenic obesity in patients with solid tumours of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts: a population-based study

Emerging evidence on body composition suggests that sarcopenic obesity (obesity with depleted muscle mass) might be predictive of morbidity and mortality in non-malignant disease and also of toxicity to chemotherapy.. ..Available lumbar CT images of the obese patients were analysed for total skeletal muscle cross-sectional area; these values were also used to estimate total body …

Continue reading Prevalence and clinical implications of #sarcopenic obesity in patients with solid tumours of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts: a population-based study