Modifiable risk factors and long term risk of type 2 diabetes among individuals with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus: prospective cohort study

Objectives To evaluate the individual and combined associations of five modifiable risk factors with risk of type 2 diabetes among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus and examine whether these associations differ by obesity and genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetesSetting Nurses’ Health Study II, US.Participants 4275 women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus, with …

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Association of Mental Health Burden With Prenatal Cannabis Exposure From Childhood to Early AdolescenceLongitudinal Findings From the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study

Dramatic increases in cannabis use during pregnancy are alarming because of evidence that prenatal exposure may be associated with a host of adverse outcomes. We previously found that prenatal cannabis exposure (PCE) following maternal knowledge of pregnancy is associated with increased psychopathology during middle childhood using baseline data from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study.Here, …

Continue reading Association of Mental Health Burden With Prenatal Cannabis Exposure From Childhood to Early AdolescenceLongitudinal Findings From the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study

Trends, Predictors, and Outcomes of Cardiovascular Complications Associated With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome During Delivery Hospitalizations: A National Inpatient Sample Analysis (2002–2019)

BackgroundWomen with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an increased risk of pregnancy‐associated complications. However, data on peripartum cardiovascular complications remain limited. Hence, we investigated trends, outcomes, and predictors of cardiovascular complications associated with PCOS diagnosis during delivery hospitalizations in the United States.Methods and ResultsWe used data from the National Inpatient Sample (2002–2019). International Classification of …

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Prenatal antibiotic exposure, asthma and the atopic march: A systematic review and meta-analysis

BackgroundAntibiotic use during pregnancy may increase the risk for asthma in children. We performed a meta-analysis assessing prenatal antibiotic exposure and the risk for childhood wheeze or asthma, as well as for diseases associated with the atopic march. MethodsA systematic literature search protocol (PROSPERO-ID: CRD42020191940) was registered and searches were completed using Medline, Proquest, Embase, …

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Mendelian randomization study of maternal coffee consumption and its influence on birthweight, stillbirth, miscarriage, gestational age and pre-term birth

BackgroundCoffee consumption has been associated with several adverse pregnancy outcomes, although data from randomized–controlled trials are lacking. We investigate whether there is a causal relationship between coffee consumption and miscarriage, stillbirth, birthweight, gestational age and pre-term birth using Mendelian randomization (MR). MethodsA two-sample MR study was performed using summary results data from a genome-wide association …

Continue reading Mendelian randomization study of maternal coffee consumption and its influence on birthweight, stillbirth, miscarriage, gestational age and pre-term birth