The Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction and Autoimmunity in Women With History of Miscarriage or Subfertility

..Thyroid function and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) data were available for 19213 and 19237 women, respectively. The prevalence of abnormal thyroid function was 4.8% (95% CI, 4.5-5.1); euthyroidism was defined as levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) of 0.44 to 4.50 mIU/L and free thyroxine (fT4) of 10 to 21 pmol/L. Overt hypothyroidism (TSH > 4.50 mIU/L, fT4 < 10 pmol/L) was present in 0.2% of … Continue reading The Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction and Autoimmunity in Women With History of Miscarriage or Subfertility

Association of Living in a Food Desert With Pregnancy Morbidity

To evaluate whether women living in areas deemed food deserts had higher rates of pregnancy morbidity, specifically preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes, prelabor rupture of membranes, preterm labor, than women who did not live in food deserts at the time of their pregnancy and delivery.. This was a retrospective observational study in which we reviewed electronic medical records of all patients who delivered at Loyola … Continue reading Association of Living in a Food Desert With Pregnancy Morbidity

Oral #fluconazole use in the first trimester and risk of congenital #malformations: population based cohort study

..The study cohort of 1 969 954 pregnancies included 37 650 (1.9%) pregnancies exposed to oral fluconazole and 82 090 (4.2%) pregnancies exposed to topical azoles during the first trimester. The risk of musculoskeletal malformations was 52.1 (95% confidence interval 44.8 to 59.3) per 10 000 pregnancies exposed to fluconazole versus 37.3 (33.1 to 41.4) per 10 000 pregnancies exposed to topical azoles. The risks of conotruncal malformations were 9.6 (6.4 … Continue reading Oral #fluconazole use in the first trimester and risk of congenital #malformations: population based cohort study

Association of #Depression, #Anxiety, and Trauma With #Cannabis Use During Pregnancy

..Depression, anxiety, and trauma diagnoses and symptoms were associated with higher odds of cannabis use among pregnant women in California. These results support previous qualitative findings that pregnant women self-report using cannabis to manage mood and stress and suggest a dose-response association, with higher odds of cannabis use associated with co-occurring depressive and anxiety disorders and greater depression severity. However, research is needed to determine … Continue reading Association of #Depression, #Anxiety, and Trauma With #Cannabis Use During Pregnancy

A Screening Algorithm for Obstructive Sleep #Apnea in #Pregnancy

Obstructive sleep apnea (#OSA) is common in pregnancy and associated with maternal and fetal complications. Early detection of OSA may have important implications for maternal-fetal well-being. A screening tool combining several methods of assessment may better predict OSA among pregnant women compared with tools that rely solely on self-reported information.. Participants’ mean age was 27.4 ± 7.0 years. The prevalence of OSA during the first and third … Continue reading A Screening Algorithm for Obstructive Sleep #Apnea in #Pregnancy

Association of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder With Teenage Birth Among Women and Girls in Sweden

Teenage deliveries were more common among women and girls with #ADHD than among women and girls without ADHD (15.3% vs 2.8%; odds ratio [OR], 6.23 [95% CI, 5.80-6.68]). Compared with women and girls without ADHD, those with ADHD were more likely to present with risk factors for adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes, including smoking during the third trimester (OR, 6.88 [95% CI, 6.45-7.34]), body mass … Continue reading Association of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder With Teenage Birth Among Women and Girls in Sweden