The Tailgate Study: Differing #metabolic effects of a bout of excessive #eating and #drinking

Excess energy intake by spectators at a sporting event (i.e., a tailgate) might cause acute negative health effects. However, limited data exist regarding the effects of overeating and alcohol consumption on lipid metabolism and the potential to gain intrahepatic triacylglycerols (IHTG). We tested the hypothesis that overconsumption of food and alcohol would significantly increase both hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL) and IHTG. Methods Eighteen males … Continue reading The Tailgate Study: Differing #metabolic effects of a bout of excessive #eating and #drinking

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A randomized controlled trial of 130 g/day low-#carbohydrate diet in type 2 #diabetes with poor glycemic control

The usefulness of low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) for Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been fully investigated. Therefore, we compared the effectiveness and safety of LCD with calorie restricted diet (CRD). This prospective, randomized, open-label, comparative study included 66 T2DM patients with HbA1c >7.5% even after receiving repeated education programs on CRD. They were randomly allocated to either the 130g/day LCD group … Continue reading A randomized controlled trial of 130 g/day low-#carbohydrate diet in type 2 #diabetes with poor glycemic control

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Low #carbohydrate diet and all cause and cause-specific #mortality

Evidence is limited regarding the association between low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) score and mortality among Asians, a population that consumes a large amount of carbohydrates.. ..A U-shaped association was observed between LCD score and total mortality: the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) (95% CI) of total mortality for lowest through highest scores were 1.00, 0.95 (0.91, 1.01), 0.93 (0.88, 0.98), 0.93 (0.88, 0.98), and 1.01 (0.95, 1.07) … Continue reading Low #carbohydrate diet and all cause and cause-specific #mortality

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Short-Term Consumption of #Sucralose with, but Not without, #Carbohydrate Impairs Neural and Metabolic Sensitivity to Sugar in Humans

There is a general consensus that overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages contributes to the prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). Whether a similar relationship exists for no- or low-calorie “diet” drinks is a subject of intensive debate and controversy. Here, we demonstrate that consuming seven sucralose-sweetened beverages with, but not without, a carbohydrate over 10 days decreases insulin sensitivity in … Continue reading Short-Term Consumption of #Sucralose with, but Not without, #Carbohydrate Impairs Neural and Metabolic Sensitivity to Sugar in Humans

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Potato ingestion is as effective as carbohydrate gels to support prolonged #cycling performance

We investigated the effects of potato purée ingestion during prolonged cycling on subsequent performance versus commercial CHO gel or a water-only condition. Twelve cyclists (70.7 ± 7.7 kg, 173 ± 8 cm, 31± 9 years, 22 ± 5.1 % body fat; mean ± SD) with average peak oxygen consumption (VO2PEAK)of 60.7 ± 9.0 mL/kg/min performed a 2 h cycling challenge (60-85%VO2PEAK) followed by a time … Continue reading Potato ingestion is as effective as carbohydrate gels to support prolonged #cycling performance

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