Short-Term Consumption of #Sucralose with, but Not without, #Carbohydrate Impairs Neural and Metabolic Sensitivity to Sugar in Humans

There is a general consensus that overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages contributes to the prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). Whether a similar relationship exists for no- or low-calorie “diet” drinks is a subject of intensive debate and controversy. Here, we demonstrate that consuming seven sucralose-sweetened beverages with, but not without, a carbohydrate over 10 days decreases insulin sensitivity in … Continue reading Short-Term Consumption of #Sucralose with, but Not without, #Carbohydrate Impairs Neural and Metabolic Sensitivity to Sugar in Humans

#Sucrose intake lowers μ-opioid and dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in porcine brain

Excessive sucrose consumption elicits addiction-like craving that may underpin the obesity epidemic. Opioids and dopamine mediate the rewarding effects of drugs of abuse, and of natural rewards from stimuli such as palatable food.. ..After 12 days of sucrose access, BPND of both tracers had declined significantly in striatum, nucleus accumbens, thalamus, amygdala, cingulate cortex and prefrontal cortex, consistent with down-regulation of receptor densities. After a … Continue reading #Sucrose intake lowers μ-opioid and dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in porcine brain

Relation of Total #Sugars, Sucrose, Fructose, and Added Sugars With the Risk of #Cardiovascular Disease

..Total sugars, sucrose, and fructose were not associated with CVD incidence. Total sugars (risk ratio, 1.09 [95% confidence interval, 1.02 to 1.17]) and fructose (1.08 [1.01 to 1.15]) showed a harmful association for CVD mortality, there was no association for added sugars and a beneficial association for sucrose (0.94 [0.89 to 0.99]). Dose-response analyses showed a beneficial linear dose-response gradient for sucrose and nonlinear dose-response … Continue reading Relation of Total #Sugars, Sucrose, Fructose, and Added Sugars With the Risk of #Cardiovascular Disease

Impact of dietary #sucrose on #adiposity and glucose homeostasis in C57BL/6J mice depends on mode of ingestion: liquid or solid

..Since in humans consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been widely implicated, we investigated whether the mode of ingestion (solid or liquid) had different impacts on body weight regulation and glucose homeostasis Consumption of sucrose-sweetened water, but not equivalent levels of solid sucrose, led to body fat gain in C57BL/6 mice. Glucose intolerance was positively correlated to body fatness, rather than sucrose intake. Conclusions Our data … Continue reading Impact of dietary #sucrose on #adiposity and glucose homeostasis in C57BL/6J mice depends on mode of ingestion: liquid or solid