New Therapy Reduces Chronic Low Back Pain in Large International Study

A new study hasfound that tanezumab, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits nerve activity, provides relief in patients with chronic low back pain, one of the leading reasons why people seek medical care and the number one cause of disability worldwide. “This demonstration of efficacy is a major breakthrough in the global search to develop non-opioid treatments for chronic pain,” said John Markman, M.D., director of … Continue reading New Therapy Reduces Chronic Low Back Pain in Large International Study

#Obesity Progression between Young Adulthood and Midlife and Incident #Arthritis: A Retrospective Cohort Study of US Adults

..Among our sample of adults who were 40‐69 years old at their midlife weight measure (n=13,669), 3,603 developed an arthritis condition. Compared with adults who maintained a normal‐normal BMI, the normal‐overweight, normal‐obese, overweight‐obese, and obese‐obese groups had significantly elevated risk of incident arthritis conditions. The obese‐overweight group had lower risk of incident arthritis conditions compared with the obese‐obese group and comparable risk to the overweight‐overweight … Continue reading #Obesity Progression between Young Adulthood and Midlife and Incident #Arthritis: A Retrospective Cohort Study of US Adults

Comparison between clinical and ultrasound assessment of the ankle region in juvenile idiopathic #arthritis

To compare frequency of joint and tendon disease on ultrasound (US) and clinical examination (CE), and to investigate agreement between US and CE in ankles with clinically active juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).. ..A total of 163 joints in 89 ankles had active synovitis on US. The tibiotalar joint (TTJ) was the most commonly affected joint on US and on CE. The intertarsal‐joint (ITJ) and the … Continue reading Comparison between clinical and ultrasound assessment of the ankle region in juvenile idiopathic #arthritis

Association between #statin use and incidence or progression of #osteoarthritis: Meta-analysis of observational studies

..A total of 11 studies (679807 participants) were identified from the systematic literature search. No significant association between statin use and incidence (OR = 1.010; 95% CI: 0.968 to 1.055; P = 0.638) or progression (OR = 1.076; 95% CI: 0.824 to 1.405; P = 0.589) of OA was found in our meta-analysis. The meta-analysis according to the symptomatic or radiological OA also found no … Continue reading Association between #statin use and incidence or progression of #osteoarthritis: Meta-analysis of observational studies

Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

..We enrolled 156 patients with a mean age of 56 years; 78 patients were assigned to each group. Baseline characteristics, including severity of pain and level of disability, were similar in the two groups. The mean (±SD) baseline WOMAC scores were 108.8±47.1 in the glucocorticoid injection group and 107.1±42.4 in the physical therapy group. At 1 year, the mean scores were 55.8±53.8 and 37.0±30.7, respectively … Continue reading Physical Therapy versus Glucocorticoid Injection for #Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Subcutaneous #tanezumab for #osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: efficacy and safety results from a 24-week randomised phase III study with a 24-week follow-up period

..Patients were randomised to tanezumab 2.5 mg or 5 mg subcutaneously or matching placebo every 8 weeks (three doses). ..From March 2016 to December 2017, 849 patients were randomised and evaluated (placebo n=282, tanezumab 2.5 mg n=283, tanezumab 5 mg n=284). At week 24, there was a statistically significant improvement from baseline for tanezumab 5 mg compared with placebo for WOMAC Pain (least squares mean difference±SE –0.62±0.18, p=0.0006), WOMAC … Continue reading Subcutaneous #tanezumab for #osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: efficacy and safety results from a 24-week randomised phase III study with a 24-week follow-up period

Association of intermittent and constant #knee pain patterns with knee pain severity, radiographic knee #osteoarthritis duration and severity

..Intermittent and Constant OA Pain (ICOAP) scores were characterized as 1) no intermittent or constant pain; 2) intermittent pain only; 3) constant pain only; and 4) a combination of constant and intermittent pain. Knee pain severity was assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain subscale and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Radiographic knee OA (ROA) severity was defined as Kellgren … Continue reading Association of intermittent and constant #knee pain patterns with knee pain severity, radiographic knee #osteoarthritis duration and severity

Surgery versus Conservative Care for Persistent #Sciatica Lasting 4 to 12 Months

..Among the patients assigned to undergo surgery, the median time from randomization to surgery was 3.1 weeks; of the 64 patients in the nonsurgical group, 22 (34%) crossed over to undergo surgery at a median of 11 months after enrollment. At baseline, the mean score for leg-pain intensity was 7.7 in the surgical group and 8.0 in the nonsurgical group. The primary outcome of the … Continue reading Surgery versus Conservative Care for Persistent #Sciatica Lasting 4 to 12 Months

Reasons why #osteoarthritis predicts mortality: path analysis within a Cox proportional hazards model

To identify potentially modifiable factors that mediate the association between symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) and premature mortality.. ..OA was significantly associated with mortality (TE-adjusted HR 1.14; 95% CI 1.00 to 1.29). The indirect effects for walking frequency were 1.05 (95% CI 1.04 to 1.06), depression 1.02 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.03), anxiety 1.01 (95% CI 1.00 to 1.02) and unrefreshed sleep 1.01 (95% CI 1.00 to 1.01). … Continue reading Reasons why #osteoarthritis predicts mortality: path analysis within a Cox proportional hazards model

Acute #kidney injury after primary total hip #arthroplasty: a risk multiplier for complication, mortality, and healthcare utilization

To assess whether acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with more complications and higher healthcare utilization in people undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA).. ..Adjusted for age, gender, race, income, underlying diagnosis, medical comorbidity, and the insurance payer, AKI in people who underwent primary THA was associated with significantly higher OR (95% CI) of (1) implant infection, 2.34 (95% CI, 1.87, 2.93); (2) transfusion, 2.46 … Continue reading Acute #kidney injury after primary total hip #arthroplasty: a risk multiplier for complication, mortality, and healthcare utilization

Clinical Effectiveness and Safety of #Aspirin for Venous #Thromboembolism Prophylaxis After Total Hip and Knee Replacement

Patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) receive venous thromboembolism (VTE) pharmacoprophylaxis. It is unclear which anticoagulant is preferable. Observational data suggest aspirin provides effective VTE prophylaxis.. ..The RR of VTE after THR and TKR was 1.12 (95% CI, 0.78-1.62) for aspirin compared with other anticoagulants. Comparable findings were observed for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) (RR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.72-1.51) and … Continue reading Clinical Effectiveness and Safety of #Aspirin for Venous #Thromboembolism Prophylaxis After Total Hip and Knee Replacement

Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

To describe spontaneous changes in time spent being physically inactive that is measured continuously by accelerometry during an 8‐week weight‐loss intervention in overweight/obese individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA).. A total of 124 participants completed the dietary intervention and had valid accelerometer recordings. The mean weight loss was 12.7 kg (95% confidence interval [95% CI] –13.2, –12.1; P < 0.0001) after 8 weeks, which corresponded to … Continue reading Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study