Fine Particulate Matter Air #Pollution and Mortality among Pediatric, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancer Patients

Air pollution is a carcinogen and causes pulmonary and cardiac complications. We examined the association of fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) and mortality from cancer and all causes among pediatric, adolescent, and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer in Utah, a state with considerable variation in PM2.5.. ..Increases in PM2.5 per 5 μg/m3 were associated with cancer mortality in pediatric lymphomas and central nervous system … Continue reading Fine Particulate Matter Air #Pollution and Mortality among Pediatric, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancer Patients

Particulate #Matter and Albuminuria, Glomerular Filtration Rate, and Incident #CKD

Exposure to particulate matter (PM) <2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) has been linked to detrimental health effects. This study aimed to describe the relationship between long-term PM2.5 exposure and kidney disease, including eGFR, level of albuminuria, and incident CKD.. urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) ..There was no significant PM2.5-eGFR association at baseline. Each 1-μg/m3 higher annual average PM2.5 was associated with higher UACR after adjusting … Continue reading Particulate #Matter and Albuminuria, Glomerular Filtration Rate, and Incident #CKD

Association between ambient fine #particulate pollution and hospital admissions for cause specific #cardiovascular disease: time series study in 184 major Chinese cities

..At the national average level, an increase of 10 μg/m3 in PM2.5 was associated with a 0.26% (95% confidence interval 0.17% to 0.35%) increase in hospital admissions on the same day for cardiovascular disease, 0.31% (0.22% to 0.40%) for ischaemic heart disease, 0.27% (0.04% to 0.51%) for heart failure, 0.29% (0.12% to 0.46%) for heart rhythm disturbances, and 0.29% (0.18% to 0.40%) for ischaemic stroke, … Continue reading Association between ambient fine #particulate pollution and hospital admissions for cause specific #cardiovascular disease: time series study in 184 major Chinese cities

#Particulate matter and episodic #memory decline mediated by early neuroanatomic biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease

Evidence suggests exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2.5 μm (PM2.5) may increase the risk for Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias.. ..Long-term PM2.5 exposure was associated with increased Alzheimer’s disease pattern similarity scores, which accounted for 22.6% (95% CI: 1% to 68.9%) and 10.7% (95% CI: 1.0% to 30.3%) of the total adverse PM2.5 effects on Trials 1–3 and List B, respectively. The observed … Continue reading #Particulate matter and episodic #memory decline mediated by early neuroanatomic biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease

Pediatric #Psychiatric Emergency Department Utilization and Fine #Particulate Matter: A Case-Crossover Study

Acute exposure to ambient particulate matter <2.5μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) has been associated with adult psychiatric exacerbations but has not been studied in children. Results:A 10-μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 was associated with a significant increase in any psychiatric ED utilization 1 [OR=1.07 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.12)] and 2 [OR=1.05 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.10)] d later. When stratified by visit reason, associations were significant for … Continue reading Pediatric #Psychiatric Emergency Department Utilization and Fine #Particulate Matter: A Case-Crossover Study