Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances and Incident Hypertension in Multi-Racial/Ethnic Women: The Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitous synthetic chemicals that may disrupt blood pressure controls; however, human evidence to support this hypothesis is scant. We examined the association between serum concentrations of PFAS and risks of developing hypertension. Methods:This study included 1058 midlife women initially free of hypertension from the multiracial and multiethnic SWAN (Study …

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Associations between persistent organic pollutants and type 1 diabetes in youth

BackgroundDiabetes affects millions of people worldwide with a continued increase in incidence occurring within the pediatric population. The potential contribution of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) to diabetes in youth remains poorly known, especially regarding type 1 diabetes (T1D), generally the most prevalent form of diabetes in youth. ObjectivesWe investigated the associations between POPs and T1D …

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The Lancet Commission on pollution and health

Pollution is the largest environmental cause of disease and premature death in the world today. Diseases caused by pollution were responsible for an estimated 9 million premature deaths in 2015—16% of all deaths worldwide—three times more deaths than from AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined and 15 times more than from all wars and other forms …

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Hourly Air Pollutants and Acute Coronary Syndrome Onset In 1.29 Million Patients

Short-term exposure to ambient air pollution has been linked with daily hospitalization and mortality of acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, the associations of sub-daily (hourly) levels of criteria air pollutants with the onset of ACS and its subtypes have rarely been evaluated. Methods: We conducted a time-stratified case-crossover study among 1,292,880 ACS patients from 2,239 …

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Detection of microplastics in human lung tissue using μFTIR spectroscopy

AbstractAirborne microplastics (MPs) have been sampled globally, and their concentration is known to increase in areas of high human population and activity, especially indoors. Respiratory symptoms and disease following exposure to occupational levels of MPs within industry settings have also been reported. It remains to be seen whether MPs from the environment can be inhaled, …

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