The effectiveness and safety of isometric #resistance training for adults with high blood #pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis

High blood pressure (BP) is a global health challenge. Isometric resistance training (IRT) has demonstrated antihypertensive effects, but safety data are not available, thereby limiting its recommendation for clinical use. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials comparing IRT to controls in adults with elevated BP (systolic ≥130 mmHg/diastolic ≥85 mmHg). This review provides an …

Continue reading The effectiveness and safety of isometric #resistance training for adults with high blood #pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Analysis of Active and Passive #Tobacco Exposures and Blood #Pressure in US Children and Adolescents

..Elevated blood pressure, classified as greater than 90% for a child’s age, sex, and height according to the 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guidelines. The a priori hypothesis that there is a positive association between tobacco exposure and elevated blood pressure in the study population was tested. Analysis included logistic regression with adjustment …

Continue reading Analysis of Active and Passive #Tobacco Exposures and Blood #Pressure in US Children and Adolescents

Evaluation of Optimal #Diastolic Blood #Pressure Range Among Adults With Treated Systolic Blood Pressure Less Than 130 mm Hg

Extremely low diastolic blood pressure has been reported to be associated with increased adverse cardiovascular events (ie, the diastolic J-shape phenomenon); however, current US guidelines recommend an intensive blood pressure target of less than 130/80 mm Hg without mentioning the lower limits of diastolic blood pressure. Objectives To evaluate whether there is a diastolic J-shape …

Continue reading Evaluation of Optimal #Diastolic Blood #Pressure Range Among Adults With Treated Systolic Blood Pressure Less Than 130 mm Hg

Effect of dose and duration of reduction in dietary #sodium on blood #pressure levels: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials

... Each 50 mmol reduction in 24 hour sodium excretion was associated with a 1.10 mm Hg (0.66 to 1.54; P<0.001) reduction in SBP and a 0.33 mm Hg (0.04 to 0.63; P=0.03) reduction in DBP. Reductions in blood pressure were observed in diverse population subsets examined, including hypertensive and non-hypertensive individuals. For the same …

Continue reading Effect of dose and duration of reduction in dietary #sodium on blood #pressure levels: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials

Sex Differences in Blood #Pressure Trajectories Over the Life Course

..Women compared with men exhibited a steeper increase in BP that began as early as in the third decade and continued through the life course (likelihood ratio test χ2 = 531 for systolic BP; χ2 = 123 for diastolic BP; χ2 = 325 for MAP; and χ2 = 572 for PP; P for all <.001). After adjustment for multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors, …

Continue reading Sex Differences in Blood #Pressure Trajectories Over the Life Course