High-#Fiber, Whole-Food Dietary Intervention Alters the Human Gut #Microbiome but Not Fecal Short-Chain Fatty Acids

Dietary shifts can have a direct impact on the gut microbiome by preferentially selecting for microbes capable of utilizing the various dietary nutrients. The intake of dietary fiber has decreased precipitously in the last century, while consumption of processed foods has increased. Fiber, or microbiota-accessible carbohydrates (MACs), persist in the digestive tract and can be metabolized by specific bacteria encoding fiber-degrading enzymes. The digestion of … Continue reading High-#Fiber, Whole-Food Dietary Intervention Alters the Human Gut #Microbiome but Not Fecal Short-Chain Fatty Acids

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Associations between consumption of dietary #fibers and the risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancers, type 2 diabetes, and mortality in the prospective NutriNet-Santé cohort

..Our objectives were to assess the associations between the intake of DFs of different types [total (TDF), soluble (SF), insoluble (IF)] and from different sources (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, potatoes and tubers) and the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), cancer, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and mortality in the large-scale NutriNet-Santé prospective cohort (2009–2019).. ..T2D risk was inversely associated with TDFs [HR for quintile 5 … Continue reading Associations between consumption of dietary #fibers and the risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancers, type 2 diabetes, and mortality in the prospective NutriNet-Santé cohort

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Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Likelihood of Hepatic #Steatosis among US Adults

Non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a rapidly growing public health problem. In this study, we explored the association between dietary patterns (DPs) and fatty liver and liver function tests.. ..Of the 20643 eligible participants, 45.7% had prevalent fatty liver. Three DPs collectively explained 50.8% of variance in dietary nutrients consumption. The first DP was representative of a diet containing high levels of saturated and … Continue reading Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Likelihood of Hepatic #Steatosis among US Adults

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