Early detection of childhood overweight and related complications in a Danish population-based cohort aged 2–8 years

BackgroundOverweight in early childhood often tracks into adolescence and adulthood and early childhood is a critical period for developing sustained overweight. This study aims to investigate the early detection of childhood overweight (including obesity) and related cardiometabolic complications in a Danish population-based cohort of children aged 2.5–8 years in collaboration with primary care municipal dental …

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Exploring Overweight Risk Trajectories During Childhood and Their Associations With Elevated Blood Pressure at Late Adolescence: a Retrospective Cohort Study

Background:Overweight during childhood is significantly associated with higher risk of high blood pressure (HBP) in later life. However, recognition of critical intervention period is limited. We aimed to analyze the changes in overweight risk during school-age and its relationship with HBP. Methods:Seventeen thousand eight hundred sixteen school-aged children (53.9% boys) with a mean follow-up time …

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Deaths in Children and #Young People in England following #SARS-CoV-2 infection during the first pandemic year: a national study using linked mandatory child death reporting data

This is a preprint. It has not completed peer review. Background Deaths in children and young people (CYP) following SARS-CoV-2 infection are rare. Quantifying the risk of mortality is challenging because of high relative prevalence of asymptomatic and non-specific disease manifestations. Therefore, it is important to differentiate between CYP who have died of SARS-CoV-2 and …

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Analysis of Active and Passive #Tobacco Exposures and Blood #Pressure in US Children and Adolescents

..Elevated blood pressure, classified as greater than 90% for a child’s age, sex, and height according to the 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guidelines. The a priori hypothesis that there is a positive association between tobacco exposure and elevated blood pressure in the study population was tested. Analysis included logistic regression with adjustment …

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Childhood Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Risk of Atrial #Fibrillation in Adulthood

Of 2,816 Offspring cohort participants with at least 1 parent in the Original cohort, 82% were exposed to parental smoking. For every pack/day increase in parental smoking, there was an 18% increase in offspring AF incidence (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00 to 1.39; p = 0.04). Additionally, parental smoking was …

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