#Cancer Statistics, 2021

Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the numbers of new cancer cases and deaths in the United States and compiles the most recent data on population‐based cancer occurrence. Incidence data (through 2017) were collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program; the National Program of Cancer Registries; and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. Mortality data (through 2018) were collected by … Continue reading #Cancer Statistics, 2021

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Impact of Inappropriate #Antibiotic Therapy in Vancomycin-Resistant #Enterococcus Bacteremia

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) bacteremia has significant morbidity and mortality. Empiric antibiotic regimens for treating patients with risk factors for multidrug-resistant organisms may not have medications directed at treating VRE.. ..The inpatient, 30-day, and 1-year mortality rates from VRE bacteremia were 23%, 31%, and 59%, respectively. Only 19% patients were discharged home. Inappropriate antibiotics were prescribed in 19% patients. Appropriate antibiotics were prescribed in 81% patients … Continue reading Impact of Inappropriate #Antibiotic Therapy in Vancomycin-Resistant #Enterococcus Bacteremia

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The Effect of Flat Flexible Versus Stable Supportive #Shoes on Knee #Osteoarthritis Symptoms

Experts recommend that persons with knee osteoarthritis wear stable supportive shoes; however, evidence suggests that flat flexible shoes may be more beneficial.. ..Of 164 participants recruited, 161 (98%) completed 6-month primary outcomes. No evidence was found that flat flexible shoes were superior to stable supportive shoes in primary outcomes. Evidence did show a between-group difference in change in pain favoring stable supportive shoes (mean difference, … Continue reading The Effect of Flat Flexible Versus Stable Supportive #Shoes on Knee #Osteoarthritis Symptoms

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Anti-neutrophil properties of natural #gingerols in models of #lupus

Ginger is known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects, and has traditionally been used as an herbal supplement in the treatment of various chronic diseases. Here, we report anti-neutrophil properties of 6-gingerol, the most abundant bioactive compound of ginger root, in models of lupus and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Specifically, we demonstrate that 6-gingerol attenuates neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) release in response to lupus- and APS-relevant … Continue reading Anti-neutrophil properties of natural #gingerols in models of #lupus

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Use of #proton pump inhibitors to treat persistent #throat symptoms: multicentre, double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial

To assess the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to treat persistent throat symptoms.. ..Random blinded allocation (1:1) to either 30 mg lansoprazole twice daily or matched placebo twice daily for 16 weeks. Main outcome measures Primary outcome was symptomatic response at 16 weeks measured using the total reflux symptom index (RSI) score. Secondary outcomes included symptom response at 12 months, quality of life, and … Continue reading Use of #proton pump inhibitors to treat persistent #throat symptoms: multicentre, double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial

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Racial Disparities in Epigenetic Aging of the Right vs Left #Colon

There are well-documented racial differences in age-of-onset and laterality of colorectal cancer. Epigenetic age acceleration is postulated to be an underlying factor. However, comparative studies of side-specific colonic tissue epigenetic aging are lacking. Here, we performed DNA methylation analysis of matched right and left biopsies of normal colon from 128 individuals. Among African Americans (n = 88), the right colon showed accelerated epigenetic aging as compared to … Continue reading Racial Disparities in Epigenetic Aging of the Right vs Left #Colon

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#Renal Failure is Associated With Increased Mortality and Hospital Utilization in Patients Admitted With Nonalcoholic #Steatohepatitis

We aimed to investigate the mortality and hospital utilization outcomes of hospitalized nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients with and without kidney failure in a nationwide cohort.. ..The overall sample included 7,135,090 patients. Among 6855 patients admitted for NASH, 598 or 8.7% had comorbid kidney failure. After multivariate regression analysis, NASH patients with renal failure had increased in-hospital mortality [odds ratio=28.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 8.99-91.73], length … Continue reading #Renal Failure is Associated With Increased Mortality and Hospital Utilization in Patients Admitted With Nonalcoholic #Steatohepatitis

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#Depression and increased risk of #Alzheimer’s #dementia: longitudinal analyses of modifiable risk and sex-related factors.

Highlights •We investigated whether recent and/or remote depression was associated with increased risk of Alzheimer’s Dementia (AD) and whether this risk differed between men and women. •Recent depression was independently associated with increased risk of incident AD while remote depression was not. Recent depression was predictive of AD development in females, but not in males, while sex did not moderate recent depression-associated risk of developing … Continue reading #Depression and increased risk of #Alzheimer’s #dementia: longitudinal analyses of modifiable risk and sex-related factors.

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Organ-specific, multimodal, wireless optoelectronics for high-throughput phenotyping of peripheral neural pathways

The vagus nerve supports diverse autonomic functions and behaviors important for health and survival. To understand how specific components of the vagus contribute to behaviors and long-term physiological effects, it is critical to modulate their activity with anatomical specificity in awake, freely behaving conditions using reliable methods. Here, we introduce an organ-specific scalable, multimodal, wireless optoelectronic device for precise and chronic optogenetic manipulations in vivo. … Continue reading Organ-specific, multimodal, wireless optoelectronics for high-throughput phenotyping of peripheral neural pathways

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Predicted #Heart Age Among #Cancer Survivors

What is already known about this topic? Cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) share long-term risk factors. Physician-patient communication using heart age has been effective in motivating patients to improve modifiable CVD risk factors. What is added by this report? The predicted heart age and excess heart age among cancer survivors were 57.2 and 8.5 years, respectively, for men and 54.8 and 6.5 years, respectively, for … Continue reading Predicted #Heart Age Among #Cancer Survivors

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Early High-Titer #Plasma Therapy to Prevent Severe #Covid-19 in Older Adults

Therapies to interrupt the progression of early coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) remain elusive. Among them, convalescent plasma administered to hospitalized patients has been unsuccessful, perhaps because antibodies should be administered earlier in the course of illness. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of convalescent plasma with high IgG titers against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in older adult patients within 72 hours … Continue reading Early High-Titer #Plasma Therapy to Prevent Severe #Covid-19 in Older Adults

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AGA Clinical Practice Update on Medical Management of Colonic #Diverticulitis: Expert Review

Colonic diverticulitis is a painful gastrointestinal disease that recurs unpredictably and can lead to chronic gastrointestinal symptoms. Gastroenterologists commonly care for patients with this disease. The purpose of this Clinical Practice Update is to provide practical and evidence-based advice for management of diverticulitis. We reviewed systematic reviews, meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, and observational studies to develop 14 best practices. In brief, computed tomography is often … Continue reading AGA Clinical Practice Update on Medical Management of Colonic #Diverticulitis: Expert Review

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