#Cooking as a Health Behavior: Examining the Role of Cooking Classes in a #Weight Loss Intervention

Americans are cooking fewer meals at home and eating more convenience foods prepared elsewhere. Cooking at home is associated with higher quality diets, while a reduction in cooking may be associated with increases in obesity and risk factors for chronic disease. The aims of this study were to examine cooking as an intervention for weight control in overweight and obese adults, and whether such an … Continue reading #Cooking as a Health Behavior: Examining the Role of Cooking Classes in a #Weight Loss Intervention

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#Older age does not influence the success of #weight loss through the implementation of lifestyle modification

Age is sometimes a barrier for acceptance of patients into a hospital‐based obesity service. Our aim was to explore the effect of age on the ability to lose weight through lifestyle interventions, implemented within a hospital‐based obesity service.. Primary outcome measures were percentage weight loss (%WL) and percentage reduction in body mass index (%rBMI) following implemented lifestyle interventions. Data were stratified according to patient age … Continue reading #Older age does not influence the success of #weight loss through the implementation of lifestyle modification

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Effects of #Diet versus Gastric #Bypass on Metabolic Function in Diabetes

Some studies have suggested that in people with type 2 diabetes, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass has therapeutic effects on metabolic function that are independent of weight loss.. ..Weight loss was associated with increases in mean suppression of glucose production from baseline, by 7.04 μmol per kilogram of fat-free mass per minute (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.74 to 9.33) in the diet group and by 7.02 μmol … Continue reading Effects of #Diet versus Gastric #Bypass on Metabolic Function in Diabetes

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Comparison of dietary macronutrient patterns of 14 popular named dietary programmes for #weight and cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised trials

..Compared with usual diet, low carbohydrate and low fat diets had a similar effect at six months on weight loss (4.63 v 4.37 kg, both moderate certainty) and reduction in systolic blood pressure (5.14 mm Hg, moderate certainty v 5.05 mm Hg, low certainty) and diastolic blood pressure (3.21 v 2.85 mm Hg, both low certainty). Moderate macronutrient diets resulted in slightly less weight loss … Continue reading Comparison of dietary macronutrient patterns of 14 popular named dietary programmes for #weight and cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomised trials

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Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

To describe spontaneous changes in time spent being physically inactive that is measured continuously by accelerometry during an 8‐week weight‐loss intervention in overweight/obese individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA).. A total of 124 participants completed the dietary intervention and had valid accelerometer recordings. The mean weight loss was 12.7 kg (95% confidence interval [95% CI] –13.2, –12.1; P < 0.0001) after 8 weeks, which corresponded to … Continue reading Association Between #Weight Loss and Spontaneous Changes in #Physical Inactivity in Overweight/Obese Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis: An Eight‐Week Prospective Cohort Study

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Hepatic Lipoprotein Export and Remission of Human Type 2 #Diabetes after #Weight Loss

..Liver fat, VLDL1-triglyceride production, and intra-pancreatic fat decreased after weight loss and remained normalized after 24 months of remission. First-phase insulin response remained increased only in those maintaining diabetes remission. Compared with those in remission at 24 months, individuals who relapsed after initial remission had a greater rise in the content of VLDL1-triglyceride and VLDL1-palmitic acid, re-accumulated intra-pancreatic fat, and lost first-phase response by 24 … Continue reading Hepatic Lipoprotein Export and Remission of Human Type 2 #Diabetes after #Weight Loss

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Sustained #weight loss and risk of #breast cancer in women ≥50 years: a pooled analysis of prospective data

..Compared with women with stable weight (± 2kg), women with sustained weight loss had a lower risk of breast cancer. This risk reduction was linear and specific to women not using postmenopausal hormones (>2-4.5kg lost: Hazard Ratio (HR)= 0.82, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.70-0.96; >4.5-<9kg lost: HR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.63-0.90; ≥9kg lost: HR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.50-0.93). Women who lost ≥9kg and gained some (but not … Continue reading Sustained #weight loss and risk of #breast cancer in women ≥50 years: a pooled analysis of prospective data

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Trends in Self-perceived #Weight Status, Weight Loss Attempts, and Weight Loss Strategies Among Adults in the United States, 1999-2006

..Increasing trends were observed in current measured BMI (difference, 1.20; 95% CI, 0.92-1.47; P for trend < .001), current measured weight (difference 2.77 kg; 95% CI, 1.92-3.61 kg; P for trend < .001), adjusted, self-reported, prior-year weight (difference, 2.36 kg; 95% CI, 1.52-3.21 kg; P for trend < .001), and the difference between measured and adjusted self-reported weight (difference 0.70 kg; 95% CI, 0.34-1.07 kg; P for trend < .001). During this period, … Continue reading Trends in Self-perceived #Weight Status, Weight Loss Attempts, and Weight Loss Strategies Among Adults in the United States, 1999-2006

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Weight change across adulthood in relation to all cause and cause specific #mortality: prospective cohort study

..Compared with participants who remained at normal weight, those moving from the non-obese to obese category between young and middle adulthood had a 22% (hazard ratio 1.22, 95% confidence interval 1.11 to 1.33) and 49% (1.49, 1.21 to 1.83) higher risk of all cause mortality and heart disease mortality, respectively. Changing from obese to non-obese body mass index over this period was not significantly associated … Continue reading Weight change across adulthood in relation to all cause and cause specific #mortality: prospective cohort study

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