Weight loss strategies, weight change, and type 2 diabetes in US health professionals: A cohort study

BackgroundWeight loss is crucial for disease prevention among individuals with overweight or obesity. This study aimed to examine associations of weight loss strategies (WLSs) with weight change and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among US health professionals.Methods and findingsThis study included 93,110 participants (24 to 60 years old; 11.6% male) from the Nurses’ Health Study …

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Poor sleep may undermine people’s attempts to keep weight off

New research being presented at this year’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Maastricht, Netherlands (4-7 May), finds that not getting enough good quality sleep undermines people’s attempts to keep weight off after dieting, and suggests that around two hours of vigorous physical activity per week can help maintain better sleep. The study is by …

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Calorie Restriction with or without Time-Restricted Eating in Weight Loss

We randomly assigned 139 patients with obesity to time-restricted eating (eating only between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.) with calorie restriction or daily calorie restriction alone. For 12 months, all the participants were instructed to follow a calorie-restricted diet that consisted of 1500 to 1800 kcal per day for men and 1200 to 1500 kcal …

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Gut microbiota modulates weight gain in mice after discontinued smoke exposure

Cigarette smoking constitutes a leading global cause of morbidity and preventable death1, and most active smokers report a desire or recent attempt to quit2. Smoking-cessation-induced weight gain (SCWG; 4.5 kg reported to be gained on average per 6–12 months, >10 kg year–1 in 13% of those who stopped smoking3) constitutes a major obstacle to smoking abstinence4, even under stable5,6 …

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Impact of Sustained #Weight Loss on #Cardiometabolic Outcomes

Highlights•Sustained weight loss significantly lowers incidence of cardiometabolic outcomes.•Sustained weight loss significantly delays onset of cardiometabolic outcomes.•Greater weight loss significantly delays onset of cardiometabolic outcomes. Obesity increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. We sought to determine the impact of obesity maintenance, weight regain, weight loss maintenance, and magnitudes of weight …

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