Micronutrients and food choice: A case of ‘nutritional wisdom’ in humans?

Many reports show that non-human animals have the ability to select foods based on their micronutrient composition. However, it is unclear whether humans also have this ability, and researchers have lacked appropriate methods to investigate this question. In response to this challenge, we developed an approach that derives evidence from patterns of choices across a …

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The Relationship Between Prognostic #Nutritional Index and All-Cause #Mortality in Critically Ill Patients: A Retrospective Study

The effectiveness and prognostic value of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in critically ill patients are unknown. Hence, this study aimed to analyze the relationship between the PNI and all-cause mortality in critically ill patients. Patients and Methods: Patient data were obtained from the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III database. The relationship between …

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Post-traumatic stress disorder ( #PTSD ) in mid-age and older adults differs by immigrant status and ethnicity, #nutrition, and other determinants of health in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA)

This study aimed to address knowledge gaps about post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mid-age and older adults, with particular attention to the relationship of PTSD with nutrition and with ethnicity and immigrant status. Methods Binary logistic regression analysis of weighted comprehensive cohort data from the baseline Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA; n = 27,211) was conducted …

Continue reading Post-traumatic stress disorder ( #PTSD ) in mid-age and older adults differs by immigrant status and ethnicity, #nutrition, and other determinants of health in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA)

Nutriome–metabolome relationships provide insights into dietary intake and metabolism

Dietary assessment traditionally relies on self-reported data, which are often inaccurate and may result in erroneous diet–disease risk associations. We illustrate how urinary metabolic phenotyping can be used as an alternative approach to obtain information on dietary patterns. We used two multipass 24 h dietary recalls, obtained on two occasions on average 3 weeks apart, paired …

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Relationship of #nutritional status, #inflammation, and serum #albumin levels during acute illness: A prospective study

Low serum albumin levels resulting from inflammation-induced capillary leakage or disease-related anorexia during acute illness are associated with poor outcomes. We investigated the relationship of nutritional status and inflammation with low serum albumin levels and 30-day mortality in a large cohort. ..Of 2,465 patients, 1,019 (41%) had low serum albumin levels (<34 g/L), 619 (25.1%) …

Continue reading Relationship of #nutritional status, #inflammation, and serum #albumin levels during acute illness: A prospective study