Cognitive Factors Associated with Frequency of #Eating Out and Eating Takeout among Latinas

Higher frequency of eating outside the home can be an unhealthy behavior that may contribute to higher rates of obesity among Latinas, a disproportionately affected group. There is a growing need to understand potentially modifiable factors (eg, dispositional mindfulness, self-efficacy, nutrition knowledge) associated with higher frequency of eating outside the home in this population. This study assessed associations of cognitive factors (ie, dispositional mindfulness, self-efficacy … Continue reading Cognitive Factors Associated with Frequency of #Eating Out and Eating Takeout among Latinas

Outcomes of Online #Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Patients With Residual Depressive Symptoms A Randomized Clinical Trial

Patients with residual depressive symptoms face a gap in care because few resources, to date, are available to manage the lingering effects of their illness.. To evaluate the effectiveness for treating residual depressive symptoms with Mindful Mood Balance (MMB), a web-based application that delivers mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, plus usual depression care compared with usual depression care only. Participants who received MMB plus UDC had significantly … Continue reading Outcomes of Online #Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Patients With Residual Depressive Symptoms A Randomized Clinical Trial

Thinking ahead and staying in the present: Implications for reactivity to daily stressors

We examined how proactive coping and daily mindfulness may work together to predict emotional reactivity to daily stressors. Using data from the Mindfulness and Anticipatory Coping Everyday study (MACE; Neupert & Bellingtier, 2017; Neupert & Bellingtier, 2019), 116 older adults and 107 younger adults participated in a daily diary study for nine consecutive days. Results from multilevel models suggest that people high in proactive coping … Continue reading Thinking ahead and staying in the present: Implications for reactivity to daily stressors

Let it be: #mindful acceptance down-regulates pain and negative emotion

Mindfulness training ameliorates clinical and self-report measures of depression and chronic pain, but its use as an emotion regulation strategy—in individuals who do not meditate—remains understudied. As such, whether it (i) down-regulates early affective brain processes or (ii) depends on cognitive control systems remains unclear. We exposed meditation-naïve participants to two kinds of stimuli: negative vs. neutral images and painful vs. warm temperatures. On alternating … Continue reading Let it be: #mindful acceptance down-regulates pain and negative emotion

The effect of #mindfulness training on extinction retention

.. An emerging literature indicates that mindfulness training (MFT) can be used to treat fear and anxiety related disorders, but the treatment mechanisms are unclear. One hypothesis, largely based on findings from neuroimaging studies, states that MFT may improve extinction retention, but this has not been demonstrated empirically. To investigate this question healthy subjects either completed a 4-week MFT- intervention delivered through a smart-phone app … Continue reading The effect of #mindfulness training on extinction retention

#Mindfulness-Based Blood #Pressure Reduction (MB-BP): Stage 1 single-arm clinical trial

..Several determinants of hypertension were improved in participants not adhering to American Heart Association guidelines at baseline, including physical activity (p = 0.02), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension-consistent diet (p<0.001), and alcohol consumption (p<0.001). Findings demonstrated mean 6.1 mmHg reduction in SBP (p = 0.008) at one year follow-up; effects were most pronounced in Stage 2 uncontrolled hypertensives (SBP≥140 mmHg), showing 15.1 mmHg reduction (p<0.001). … Continue reading #Mindfulness-Based Blood #Pressure Reduction (MB-BP): Stage 1 single-arm clinical trial

#Mindfulness-Based Blood #Pressure Reduction (MB-BP): Stage 1 single-arm clinical trial

..A priori selected primary self-regulation outcomes showed improvements at one-year follow-up vs. baseline, including attention control (Sustained Attention to Response Task correct no-go score, p<0.001), emotion regulation (Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Score, p = 0.02), and self-awareness (Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness, p<0.001). Several determinants of hypertension were improved in participants not adhering to American Heart Association guidelines at baseline, including physical activity (p = … Continue reading #Mindfulness-Based Blood #Pressure Reduction (MB-BP): Stage 1 single-arm clinical trial