Progression of #Myopia in School-Aged Children After #COVID-19 Home Confinement

Time spent in outdoor activities has decreased owing to home confinement for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Concerns have been raised about whether home confinement may have worsened the burden of myopia owing to substantially decreased time spent outdoors and increased screen time at home.. .. Of the 123 535 children included in the study, 64 335 (52.1%) were boys. A total of 194 904 test results … Continue reading Progression of #Myopia in School-Aged Children After #COVID-19 Home Confinement

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Five-Year Patterns of #Diabetic #Retinopathy Progression in US Clinical Practice

To characterize the natural course of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in contemporary clinical practice. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of US claims data collected between January 1, 2006, and April 30, 2017. Patients aged ≥ 18 years with continuous medical and prescription insurance coverage for 18 months before DR diagnosis (index date) and for a follow-up period of 5 years were included (N=14,490). … Continue reading Five-Year Patterns of #Diabetic #Retinopathy Progression in US Clinical Practice

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Effect of Vitamin #D and ω-3 #Fatty Acid Supplementation on Risk of Age-Related #Macular Degeneration An Ancillary Study of the VITAL Randomized Clinical Trial

Observational studies suggest that higher intake or blood levels of vitamin D and marine ω-3 fatty acids may be associated with lower risks of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, evidence from randomized trials is limited.. ..In total, 25 871 participants with a mean (SD) age of 67.1 (7.0) years were included in the trial. Of them, 50.6% were women, 71.3% were self-declared non-Hispanic White participants, and … Continue reading Effect of Vitamin #D and ω-3 #Fatty Acid Supplementation on Risk of Age-Related #Macular Degeneration An Ancillary Study of the VITAL Randomized Clinical Trial

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Neurofilament light chain in the vitreous humor of the #eye

Neurofilament light chain (NfL) is a promising biomarker of neurodegeneration in the cerebrospinal fluid and blood. This study investigated the presence of NfL in the vitreous humor and its associations with amyloid beta, tau, inflammatory cytokines and vascular proteins, apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores, systemic disease, and ophthalmic diseases.. ..NfL was detected in all 77 vitreous samples. NfL was not found … Continue reading Neurofilament light chain in the vitreous humor of the #eye

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