Aspirin use for cancer prevention: A systematic review of public, patient and healthcare provider attitudes and adherence behaviours

Highlights•Most eligible people offered participation in an aspirin trial accepted. •Among participants, most reported high (≥80%) adherence on a day-to-day basis. •No studies examined uptake and adherence in routine care. •Further research is needed to identify the barriers to using aspirin in practice. AbstractWe undertook a systematic review to synthesise the data on attitudes and …

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#Coronary Artery Calcium for Personalized Allocation of #Aspirin in Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in 2019: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

..The present study aimed to assess the value of coronary artery calcium (CAC) for guiding aspirin allocation for primary prevention using 2019 aspirin meta-analysis data on CVD relative risk reduction (RRR) and bleeding risk ..Only 5% of MESA participants would qualify for aspirin consideration for primary prevention according to ACC/AHA guidelines and using >20% estimated …

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#Aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease, part 2

..ASPREE study suggests no benefit from aspirin in primary prevention ASPREE randomized 19,114 healthy people 70 or over (65 or over for African Americans and Hispanics) to receive either 100 milligrams of enteric-coated aspirin or placebo. After an average of almost five years, there was no significant difference in the rate of fatal coronary heart …

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Prevalence of Human #Papillomavirus Infection by Number of Vaccine Doses Among US Women

..Compared with unvaccinated women (prevalence of 12.5% [95% CI, 9.7%-15.3%]), infection with HPV type 6, 11, 16, or 18 was significantly less prevalent among women who received 1 dose (2.4% [95% CI, 0%-4.9%]), 2 doses (5.1% [95% CI, 0.8%-9.5%]), or 3 doses (3.1% [95% CI, 0.9%-5.3%]) of HPV vaccine (Table 1). There was no significant …

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Application of non-HDL #cholesterol for population-based #cardiovascular risk stratification: results from the Multinational Cardiovascular Risk Consortium

..Incidence curve analyses showed progressively higher 30-year cardiovascular disease event-rates for increasing non-HDL cholesterol categories (from 7·7% for non-HDL cholesterol <2·6 mmol/L to 33·7% for ≥5·7 mmol/L in women and from 12·8% to 43·6% in men; p<0·0001). Multivariable adjusted Cox models with non-HDL cholesterol lower than 2·6 mmol/L as reference showed an increase in the …

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