Prevalence of Human #Papillomavirus Infection by Number of Vaccine Doses Among US Women

..Compared with unvaccinated women (prevalence of 12.5% [95% CI, 9.7%-15.3%]), infection with HPV type 6, 11, 16, or 18 was significantly less prevalent among women who received 1 dose (2.4% [95% CI, 0%-4.9%]), 2 doses (5.1% [95% CI, 0.8%-9.5%]), or 3 doses (3.1% [95% CI, 0.9%-5.3%]) of HPV vaccine (Table 1). There was no significant difference in prevalence for 1 dose vs 2 doses or … Continue reading Prevalence of Human #Papillomavirus Infection by Number of Vaccine Doses Among US Women

Application of non-HDL #cholesterol for population-based #cardiovascular risk stratification: results from the Multinational Cardiovascular Risk Consortium

..Incidence curve analyses showed progressively higher 30-year cardiovascular disease event-rates for increasing non-HDL cholesterol categories (from 7·7% for non-HDL cholesterol <2·6 mmol/L to 33·7% for ≥5·7 mmol/L in women and from 12·8% to 43·6% in men; p<0·0001). Multivariable adjusted Cox models with non-HDL cholesterol lower than 2·6 mmol/L as reference showed an increase in the association between non-HDL cholesterol concentration and cardiovascular disease for both … Continue reading Application of non-HDL #cholesterol for population-based #cardiovascular risk stratification: results from the Multinational Cardiovascular Risk Consortium

Low‐Dose #Aspirin for Primary Prevention of #Cardiovascular Disease: Use Patterns and Impact Across Race and Ethnicity in the Southern Community Cohort Study

..Over a median follow‐up of 11.3 years, low‐dose aspirin use was associated with a trend toward decreased risk of ischemic cardiac death in white participants (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.86; 95% CI, 0.68–1.10), especially in women (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.72; 95% CI, 0.51–1.02), but not in black participants (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.18; 95% CI, 0.98–1.40). Similar trends were observed when the analysis was restricted to high‐risk … Continue reading Low‐Dose #Aspirin for Primary Prevention of #Cardiovascular Disease: Use Patterns and Impact Across Race and Ethnicity in the Southern Community Cohort Study

#Aspirin for primary #prevention of cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis with a particular focus on subgroups

..major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) ..Aspirin use did not translate into a net clinical benefit adjusted for event-associated mortality risk (mean 0.034%; 95% CI, − 0.18 to 0.25%). There was an interaction for aspirin effect in three patient subgroups: (i) in patients under statin treatment, aspirin was associated with a 12% RRR of MACE (RR 0.88; 95% CI, 0.80–0.96), and this effect was lacking in the … Continue reading #Aspirin for primary #prevention of cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis with a particular focus on subgroups